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Descartes on Causation

Tad M. Schmaltz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a systematic study of Descartes's theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument ... More


Mind-Body Interaction in Descartes

Stephen I. Wagner

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses a re-emerging topic in Cartesian scholarship—mind and body interaction. A number of thinkers, from his contemporaries onward, have maintained that Descartes' account of his two ... More


The traditional concept of placebo

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The history of medicine is basically the history of placebos, as most early medical interventions were nothing but placebos, i.e., inert. Over the centuries, doctors started using sham treatments to ... More


Spinoza's Causal Theory of the Affects

Donald Davidson

in Truth, Language, and History: Philosophical Essays Volume 5

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198237570
eISBN:
9780191602610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823757X.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay explores the difficulty of reconciling Spinoza’s ontological monism; his thesis that mind and body, extension and thought, are two different and mutually irreducible way of describing the ... More


 Domain Introduction

Richard J. Davidson

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the three chapters (Chapters 6-8) in Part II of the book. Each of the chapters tells a story about a successful interdisciplinary outcome focused on certain ... More


Malebranche: Vision in God and Occasionalism

Nicholas Jolley

in The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is characteristic of both occasionalism and vision in God that they place man in a condition of extreme dependence on God; indeed, they might be seen respectively as ontological and ... More


Causation and Similarity in Descartes

Geoffrey Gorham

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes believed that causation is intelligible only if the cause and effect are similar, since it is impossible to understand how the reality of an effect can owe anything to the reality of its ... More


Descartes on the Mind–Body Union: A Different Kind of Dualism

Minna Koivuniemi and Edwin Curley

in Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume VII

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198748717
eISBN:
9780191814112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748717.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

What does the mind–body union consist in for Descartes? At a minimum, causal interaction between mind and body. But also in a certain experience of the body with which we’re united, which inclines us ... More


Cartesian Explanation

Desmond M. Clarke

in Descartes's Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261239
eISBN:
9780191597213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261237.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes argued that the model for genuine explanation is provided by natural philosophy and that scholastic theories that appeal to substantial forms or real qualities are pseudo‐explanations. ... More


The Soul and the Self

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter concerns Hume's treatment of the related, though different, notions of soul as an immaterial substance and self as a mental substance. Much of this discussion repeats the attacks on the ... More


The Epistemological Argument

Georges Dicker

in Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195381467
eISBN:
9780199897124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381467.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In Principles sections 18 and 20, Berkeley argues that even if matter existed, we could not know that it does. The core of the argument is that we cannot know that material things exist either by ... More


The traditional concept of placebo

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The history of medicine is basically the history of placebos, as most medical interventions were nothing but placebos, i.e., inert. Over the centuries, doctors started using sham treatments to see ... More


Efficient Causation: From Suárez to Descartes

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Efficient Causation: A History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199782185
eISBN:
9780199395583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782185.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to a standard narrative concerning the history of philosophy, Descartes set out on a new path by replacing the four causes of the scholastics with the efficient causes required for his ... More


“Take two and vote in the morning”: reflections on the political placebo effect

Michael Orsini and Paul Saurette

in Placebo Talks: Modern perspectives on placebos in society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199680702
eISBN:
9780191760679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680702.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The use of medical metaphors in politics is a well-honed rhetorical strategy. Sometimes these metaphors help clarify the political world; other times, they hide more truth than they reveal. This ... More


The Poverty of Philosophical Method: A Case Study

William G. Lycan

in On Evidence in Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829720
eISBN:
9780191868221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829720.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Cartesian mind–body dualism is widely thought to have been simply refuted by sound argument. This chapter maintains that the case against dualism is very weak. There is no very good argument for ... More


Placebo Talks: Modern perspectives on placebos in society

Amir Raz and Cory Harris (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199680702
eISBN:
9780191760679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680702.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This book integrates perspectives from medicine, the social sciences, and beyond to explore the many facets and impacts of placebos in the twenty-first century. The chapter authors build on a broad ... More


Looking at placebos through a cultural lens and finding meaning

Daniel E. Moerman

in Placebo Talks: Modern perspectives on placebos in society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199680702
eISBN:
9780191760679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680702.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter argues that the “placebo effect” does not exist; placebos do, but they are inert and therefore do not have an effect. Yet often enough, people do respond after placebo administration. ... More


The Uses of Theatre

Emma Gilby

in Descartes's Fictions: Reading Philosophy with Poetics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198831891
eISBN:
9780191869723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831891.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

In this chapter, poetic categories—chance, imagination, wonder—are shown to be a vehicle for enquiry into our proper relationship to the passions. In the correspondence with Elisabeth and the ... More


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