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 Brain, Body, and Self

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes different regions of the brain and how they regulate different bodily functions. It describes how the brain regulates cognitive, affective, and conative capacities at the level ... More


Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Garry Hagberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The voluminous writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein contain some of the most profound reflections of our time on the nature of the human subject and self-understanding — the human condition, ... More


Consciousness and its Objects

Colin McGinn

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267606
eISBN:
9780191601798
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926760X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book features collection of essays on consciousness. It is intended as a sequel to the author’s 1991 book, The Problem of Consciousness. Although the author has not modified his views in the ... More


Causation in Psychology

Tad M. schmaltz

in Descartes on Causation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers the issue of causal interaction in the context of Descartes's dualistic psychology. A common objection is that there is a “scandal of Cartesian interaction” that derives from ... More


Cogito?: Descartes and Thinking the World

Joseph Almog

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195337716
eISBN:
9780199868704
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Decartes' maxim Cogito, Ergo Sum (from his Meditations) is perhaps the most famous philosophical expression ever coined. The author of this book, Joseph Almog, is a Descartes scholar whose last book ... More


Descartes on Causation

Tad M. Schmaltz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a systematic study of Descartes's theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument ... More


The Resurrection of the Dead

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the general resurrection. It first establishes that classical mind/body dualism — a theory seen (in different forms) in Plato and Descartes — is not the Christian position. ... More


Avoiding Cartesian Materialism

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the legacy of Descartes in attempting to understand the human mind, a legacy often referred to as Cartesian materialism. An account is given of the many ways in which Cartesian ... More


Occasionalism and the Mind‐Body Problem

Steven Nadler

in Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198250081
eISBN:
9780191712586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250081.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is an examination of the myth that occasionalism arose as an ad hoc response to the mind-body problem bequeathed by Descartes. In fact, there are a number of arguments and motivations ... More


Three Problems of Experience

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem to be discussed is the logical problem of experience, which focuses on three inconsistent theses: there are experiential truths; if there are experiential truths, every truth is entailed ... More


The Mind—Body Problem in German Literature 1770–1830: Wezel, Moritz, and Jean Paul

Catherine J. Minter

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199255993
eISBN:
9780191698293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255993.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This study explores the role of philosophical anthropology — the question of the relationship between mind and body — in the novels and non-fictional writings of Johann Karl Wezel, Karl Philipp ... More


The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Helen Steward

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book puts forward a radical critique of the foundations of contemporary philosophy of mind, arguing that it relies too heavily on insecure assumptions about the nature of some of the sorts of ... More


Mind Beyond the Brain: Reducing Valves and Metaphysics

Paul Marshall

in Mystical Encounters with the Natural World: Experiences and Explanations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199279432
eISBN:
9780191603440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279438.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Spiritual approaches to mystical experience can be fleshed out with insights from the sciences and philosophy. Two overlapping ways of understanding the consciousness expansions of mystical ... More


Miletus Preserved II: Spinoza

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Spinoza, more concerned than Hobbes with the ancient conception of the role of philosophy in delineating the Good Life, made Substance, God, and Nature into synonyms. God is eternal, free, and ... More


The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Nicholas Jolley

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The concept of an idea plays a central role in seventeenth‐century theories of mind and knowledge. However, philosophers of the period were seriously divided over the nature of ideas. The Light of ... More


Spirituality

Tad M. Schmaltz

in Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103441
eISBN:
9780199833641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103440.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Malebranche accepted a substance dualism in which the soul has the property of “spirituality” or immateriality. In this chapter, Section 1 traces the evolution in his thought from his initial ... More


Ontology of Body, Mind, and Consciousness

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Seeks to accomplish three ends: (i) outline the important features of the Bhāgavata Purāṇa’s views on the relationship between the body, mind, and consciousness, showing the ways that these three ... More


The Question

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains what it means to ask what we are. It begins by breaking the question up into smaller ones, such as what we are made of, what parts we have, and whether we are substances. It ... More


Interaction

Karl Ameriks

in Kant's Theory of Mind: An Analysis of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238973
eISBN:
9780191597022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238975.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on a host of issues that are central to Kant's philosophy in general, and his understanding of the mind in particular, even though they do not correspond to the heading of a ... More


Kant and the Mind-Body Problem: The Fourth Paralogism

C. Thomas Powell

in Kant's Theory of Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244486
eISBN:
9780191680779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244486.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Fourth Paralogism in A more or less refutes the thesis that nobody can be sure of the existence of the external world. The Fourth Paralogism in B appears to be reduced to a few remarks on what ... More


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