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The Crisis and Liquidation of the Military Justicia al Revés System in the 1940s

JULIUS RUIZ

in Franco's Justice: Repression in Madrid after the Spanish Civil War

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199281831
eISBN:
9780191712999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281831.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses how the regime confronted the inevitable consequences of inverse military justice. It argues that from 1940 the regime increasingly saw the prosecution of civil war criminal ... More


Military Service Tribunals: Civil Society in Action, 1916–1918

ADRIAN GREGORY

in Civil Society in British History: Ideas, Identities, Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260201
eISBN:
9780191717352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260201.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Much of the current discourse appears to make the tacit assumption that civil society is essentially a matter of associational life and voluntary action outside and distinct from the state. It is ... More


The Politics of Establishing International Criminal Tribunals

Luc Reydams, Jan Wouters, and Cedric Ryngaert

in International Prosecutors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199554294
eISBN:
9780191751691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554294.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents a reconstruction of the historical and political context of the establishment of international tribunals. It looks at the political history of eleven courts employing ... More


Charges of Crimes Against Peace Arising Out of the Second World War

Ian Brownlie

in International Law and the Use of Force by States

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198251583
eISBN:
9780191681332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198251583.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the charges of crimes against peace arising out of the Second World War. It begins with the trial of German major war criminals. Defence criticisms of the counts relating to ... More


The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book provides a comprehensive legal analysis of the twelve war crimes trials held in the American zone of occupation between 1946 and 1949, collectively known as the Nuremberg Military Tribunals ... More


The Contribution of the Courts: Nuremberg, Tokyo, and the Rest

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the contributions of the international Courts in relation to the clarification and development of the law of war with the possible exception of the Nuremberg Principles. It ... More


Genocide and International Criminal Tribunals

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The concepts of ‘genocide’ and ‘crimes against humanity’ essentially arose as a reaction to the crimes committed by Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Perhaps even more than crimes against ... More


Early Republican Denial of Actors of Violence, 1919–1973

Fatma Müge Göçek

in Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present, and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199334209
eISBN:
9780199395774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334209.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The 6–7 September 1955 pogroms committed against non-Muslims, including Armenians, constitute the collective violence of this stage. The chapter analyzes the early republican denial of actors of ... More


Conclusion

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter suggests that the Tribunals' priorities and preconceptions, influenced both by growing self-awareness of their powers and responsibilities, and by the developing needs of the military ... More


Military Justice at the Intersection of Counterrevolution and Corruption

James Heinzen

in The Art of the Bribe: Corruption Under Stalin, 1943-1953

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300175257
eISBN:
9780300224764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175257.003.0008
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter concludes that it was precisely in this period of postwar Stalinism that the party perfected the accusation of bribery as a weapon. Accusations of bribery became a non-violent tool to ... More


The Tokyo International Military Tribunal - A Reappraisal

Neil Boister and Robert Cryer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199278527
eISBN:
9780191706950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278527.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Tokyo International Military Tribunal (IMT) (1946-1948) is a neglected topic in the literature on post-war international criminal law. Condemned by its critics as ‘Victors' Justice’ and ... More


Shaping the Trials: The Politics of Trial Policy, 1945–1949

Donald Bloxham

in Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208723
eISBN:
9780191717017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208723.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter studies the prosecution of prominent war criminals within the context of the broader trial policy of the British and Americans. It brings out the distinctly American flavour of the ... More


The OCC and the Tribunals

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the structure of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMTs), which conducted the twelve NMT trials. Section 1 examines Ordinance No. 7, the military directive that established the ... More


British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

James McDermott

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Military Service Tribunals were formed following the introduction of conscription in January 1916, to consider applications for exemption from men deemed by the new legislation to have enlisted. ... More


Crimes Against Peace: Definition and Bases of Responsibilit y

Ian Brownlie

in International Law and the Use of Force by States

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198251583
eISBN:
9780191681332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198251583.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter describes the principles applied by the various tribunals involved in imposing responsibility for crimes against peace: reference is made to the discussions of the International Law ... More


The Lincoln Assassination in Law and Lore

Frank J. Williams

in The Lincoln Assassination: Crime and Punishment, Myth and Memory A Lincoln Forum Book

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232260
eISBN:
9780823240784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232260.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores the nature of the military tribunal that weighed the fate of the conspirators—with a different goal in mind. It illuminates the important questions its work raised (and ... More


Capitalism’s Victor’s Justice? The Hidden Stories Behind the Prosecution of Industrialists Post-WWII

Grietje Baars

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the trials of industrialists at the US Military Tribunals at Nuremberg for their roles in the Nazis' aggressive wars and the Holocaust. The chapter is organized as follows. ... More


Introduction

James McDermott

in British Military Service Tribunals, 1916–18: A Very Much Abused Body of Men

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084775
eISBN:
9781781702673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084775.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book provides a discrete analysis of Military Service Tribunals. The Appeals Tribunal files and supplementary material, now held at Northampton Record Office, constituted the principal primary ... More


“Let the Stain of Innocent Blood Be Removed from the Land”: The Military Trial of the Lincoln Conspirators

Edward Steers Jr.

in The Lincoln Assassination: Crime and Punishment, Myth and Memory A Lincoln Forum Book

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232260
eISBN:
9780823240784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232260.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter offers a stout defense of the military tribunal that convened under the supervision of General David Hunter and was prosecuted by Judge Advocate General Holt. In 1865, the District of ... More


Introduction

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

Introductory remarks trace the historiography of the German army and occupied France from war crimes trials held immediately after the war to the present. As they adjudicated cases of treason and war ... More


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