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A Civilian Service

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the duty of assistance outlined in Chapter 1 includes a duty to provide personal services in the form of a civilian service.


Fighting for Rights: Conscription and Jewish Emancipation

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter illustrates the context in which western and central European armies took form and how Jews were included in them. The issue of military service played a major role in eighteenth- and ... More


Concepts and Context: Masculinity, Citizenship, and the Creation of the All-Volunteer Force

Melissa T. Brown

in Enlisting Masculinity: The Construction of Gender in US Military Recruiting Advertising during the All-Volunteer Force

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842827
eISBN:
9780199933105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842827.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 2 provides historical and theoretical context for the analysis of the recruiting advertisements in the subsequent chapters. It discusses the concept of masculinity and Connell’s hegemonic ... More


Administration of Military Affairs

Chŏng Yagyong

in Admonitions on Governing the People: Manual for All Administrators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260917
eISBN:
9780520947702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260917.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This section of the book provides the English translation of six chapters in Book VIII of Mongmin simsŏ on administration for district magistrates. The chapters discuss the following: enlistment for ... More


Introduction

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of Jewish involvement in the military. From the beginnings of conscription in the late 1700s until the end of the Second World War, military service was ... More


Conscription

DAVID LAVEN

in Venice and Venetia under the Habsburgs: 1815-1835

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205746
eISBN:
9780191717147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205746.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines another widely-disliked Habsburg institution: conscription into the army and navy. It analyses the debates that went on surrounding the introduction of an annual levy in ... More


The Jewish Soldier between Memory and Reality

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the Jews' historic self-image as a people that shuns what the Hebrew writer S.Y. Agnon called “the craft of Esau, the waging of war.” The notion of Jews as wards of divine and ... More


The Politics of the National Service Act

L. V. SCOTT

in Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945–1951

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204213
eISBN:
9780191676154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204213.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the National Service Act and the history and diversity of Labour objections to conscription and to the situation that existed in government in the PLP from the autumn of 1946 ... More


“Fighting Against the Minde of God”: The 1673 Exemption

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In an emergency session responding to the Dutch recapture of New York, the Rhode Island General Assembly enacted the 1673 Exemption, exempting any self‐identified pacifist from military service on ... More


The Military Argument for Conscription

L. V. SCOTT

in Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945–1951

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204213
eISBN:
9780191676154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204213.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses military arguments against conscription. The need for conscripts was contingent on different factors: regular recruiting/reengagements, and the scale and duration of these two ... More


Epilogue

Derek J. Penslar

in Jews and the Military: A History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This epilogue argues that over the century and a half, from the French revolutionary wars to World War II, Jews in military service were carriers of multiple, overlapping, and at times clashing ... More


Military Service and Citizenship

Kathleen M. German

in Promises of Citizenship: Film Recruitment of African Americans in World War II

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496812353
eISBN:
9781496812391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496812353.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter unravels the assumptions of citizenship rooted in the early city-states of Greece and Rome that form the basis for rewards and responsibilities in the twentieth century United States. It ... More


Jews and the Military: A History

Derek J. Penslar

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138879
eISBN:
9781400848577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138879.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book is the first comprehensive and comparative look at Jewish involvement in the military and their attitudes toward war from the 1600s until the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. The ... More


The Body of the Citizen-Soldier Physical Education and the State

Joan Tumblety

in Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter explores the conceptual and institutional links between physical culturist ‘experts’ and the public powers: the former often functioned as lobbyists or advisers with close ties to ... More


The 1947 National Service Act

L. V. SCOTT

in Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945–1951

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204213
eISBN:
9780191676154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204213.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter describes the National Service Act and conscription. The adoption of a scheme of compulsory military service is the focal point for examining the various features of the National Service ... More


Escaping the Front: Desertion, Dissembling, and Defection

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655748
eISBN:
9780199949953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines serious breaches of discipline in both Nationalist and Republican armies. These threatened their systems of recruitment and their capacity to retain conscripted men within the ... More


The Men-at-Arms

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King, and David Simpkin

in The Soldier in Later Medieval England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680825
eISBN:
9780191761003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680825.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Military History

This chapter considers the military service of non-knightly men-at-arms (esquires) in the Hundred Years War. We investigate how important their contribution was to the English military effort. Using ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Volunteers

J. E. Cookson

in The British Armed Nation 1793–1815

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206583
eISBN:
9780191677236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206583.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter investigates the tension set up between a huge volunteer force and governments which successively sought a militarily more effective and ... More


International Relations

Ben Herzog

in Revoking Citizenship: Expatriation in America from the Colonial Era to the War on Terror

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780814760383
eISBN:
9780814770962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760383.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

U.S. expatriation policies have been influenced and sometimes dictated by international relations between the United States and both its allies and its enemies. This chapter traces those ... More


The Knights

Adrian R. Bell, Anne Curry, Andy King, and David Simpkin

in The Soldier in Later Medieval England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680825
eISBN:
9780191761003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680825.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Military History

This chapter considers the military service of knights in the Hundred Years War; their commitment to warfare; how often they fought; how long careers in arms were; why they served; their variety of ... More


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