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Pakistan, 1977–1997: Islamization and Restoration of State Power

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan: Islam and the making of State Power.

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144260
eISBN:
9780199833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144260.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Zia ul‐Haq regime adopted state‐led Islamization to shore up waning state power. It adopted aspects of Islamist ideology to reshape the country's judicial and political structures. This strategy ... More


After Military Rule in Latin America: Argentina, Chile, and Guatemala

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter describes the politics following Argentina's and Chile's last bout with authoritarianism. In spite of some important similarities between Argentina and Chile, military rule and the ... More


After Colonial Rule in Africa: Ghana, Tanzania, and Botswana

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on Ghana, Tanzania, and Botswana. During the periods under study here, Ghana experienced intermittent military rule while Tanzania was a socialist state; their armed forces were ... More


The Military Bureaucracy

A. S. Morrison

in Russian Rule in Samarkand 1868-1910: A Comparison with British India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199547371
eISBN:
9780191720710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547371.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the military bureaucracy and its personnel. It uncovers the social background, education, and training of the officers seconded to administrative posts, and assesses their ... More


Conclusion

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the arguments of this study. The fundamental contention of this book is that consolidated democracies cannot exist without military elites committed to democratic ... More


The Legacy of Human-Rights Violations in the Southern Cone: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay

Luis Roniger and Mario Sznajder

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296157
eISBN:
9780191685200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296157.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The new democracies of the Southern Cone have publicly professed to reject and condemn the uses of the state power in various forms against citizens under military rule, thus dissociating themselves ... More


The generals’ revenge

Richard Cockett

in Blood, Dreams and Gold: The Changing Face of Burma

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300204513
eISBN:
9780300215984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204513.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter traces how the Burmese generals who took power after the early 1960s deliberately set about to change the system of a plural society in the name of Burman nationalism. It was an agenda ... More


Military Rule and the Transformation of Lower-class Politics

Susan C. Stokes

in Cultures in Conflict: Social Movements and the State in Peru

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520086173
eISBN:
9780520916234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520086173.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the transformation of lower-class political life during the period of military rule in the seventies. The regime of Juan Velasco Alvarado has been interpreted as corporatist, or ... More


Chad’s political violence at 50: bullets, ballots and bases

David Styan

in Francophone Africa at fifty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780719089305
eISBN:
9781526135858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089305.003.0016
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

David Styan interprets the evolution of political violence in Chad between independence in 1960 and its fifty-year anniversary of 2010. Styan first looks at the successive phases of military rule and ... More


“The Invisible Occupation”

Neve Gordon

in Israel's Occupation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255302
eISBN:
9780520942363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255302.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter illustrates how Israel consolidated its military rule in the Occupied Territories (OT) by increasing the inhabitants' economic productivity while diminishing their political ... More


Pakistan: Military Rule, Alliances, and Economic Performance

Baldev Raj Nayar

in The Geopolitics of Globalization: The Consequences for Development

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693034
eISBN:
9780199081783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693034.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Pakistan has experienced three major military coups d’éétat (1958, 1977, 1999), and has been ruled by the military on three different occasions (1958–1971, 1977–1988, 1999–). Even when it has been ... More


Dictatorship, Media, and Message

David M. K. Sheinin

in Consent of the Damned: Ordinary Argentinians in the Dirty War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813042398
eISBN:
9780813043005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042398.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Middle-class, urban Argentines bought into a dictatorship-era fantasy of normalcy, modernization, and an Argentina on track to “overcome” its chaotic past. That fantasy—as read in part by Argentines ... More


Democracy and the (Re) Shaping of Human Rights Politics

David M. K. Sheinin

in Consent of the Damned: Ordinary Argentinians in the Dirty War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813042398
eISBN:
9780813043005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042398.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

With the fall of the dictatorship at the end of 1983, Argentines embarked on a three-decade search for answers and justice. All the same, the aftermath of military rule in Argentina did not wipe the ... More


Lower-Class Politics and Revived Civilian Rule

Susan C. Stokes

in Cultures in Conflict: Social Movements and the State in Peru

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520086173
eISBN:
9780520916234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520086173.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter analyzes how these movements of the urban poor persisted under renewed civilian rule in the 1980s and early 1990s, without fully displacing a “clientelist” pattern of accommodation. In ... More


Government and politics, 1704–1819

Stephen Constantine

in Community and Identity: The Making of Modern Gibraltar Since 1704

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076350
eISBN:
9781781702048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076350.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The military conquest of 1704 was followed by failure and frustration. The occupation of Gibraltar in the name of ‘King Charles III’ was not the prelude, as expected, to his triumphant enthronement ... More


Nasser's Blessed Movement: Egypt's Free Officers and the July RevolutionWith a New Introduction

Joel Gordon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789774167782
eISBN:
9781617978180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167782.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book explores the early years of military rule in Egypt following the Free Officers' coup d'etat of 1952. Enriched by interviews with actors in and observers of the events, the book shows how ... More


Consent of the Damned: Ordinary Argentinians in the Dirty War

David M. K. Sheinin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813042398
eISBN:
9780813043005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042398.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This book explains how Argentines came to conceive of human rights after 1976—in antagonism to, in sympathy with, and with indifference toward the dictatorship that governed. It documents the ... More


The General's Slow Retreat: Chile after Pinochet

Mary Helen Spooner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256132
eISBN:
9780520948761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256132.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

The acclaimed book Soldiers in a Narrow Land went inside the brutal dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. Carrying Chile's story up to the present, this book now offers this account of how Chile rebuilt ... More


Guam: The Ship Metaphor and Military Rule

Lanny Thompson

in Imperial Archipelago: Representation and Rule in the Insular Territories under U.S. Dominion after 1898

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834012
eISBN:
9780824870027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834012.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the establishment of military rule in Guam. While the United States established important naval bases in Hawaii, Cuba, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico, only on Guam did the ... More


Nigeria’s Permanent Constitutional Transition: Military Rule, Civilian Instability, and the Unending Search for Democratic “True Federalism” in a Deeply Divided Society

Rotimi Suberu

in Territory and Power in Constitutional Transitions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198836544
eISBN:
9780191873737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836544.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines how Nigeria has made the transition under military rule from a relatively decentralized, parliamentary federation comprised of four ethnic regions to a centrist, presidential ... More


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