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What Does a Democratic Army Look Like?

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses some of the useful theoretical contributions that inform the study of civil–military relations and democratization in different political environments. The course of democratic ... More


What is European Defence?

Frédéric Mérand

in European Defence Policy: Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533244
eISBN:
9780191714474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533244.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter is an overview of the European security and defense policy. It presents the EU's crisis management operations, its political-military bodies, and military capabilities. Defense policy is ... More


Problems with Strategy: Often a Bridge Too Far

Colin S. Gray

in The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579662
eISBN:
9780191594458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579662.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Strategy is the art of the possible, as Helmuth von Moltke (the Elder) insisted, and what is possible is revealed by net tactical performance. And the whole military (and other) endeavour must serve ... More


After State-Socialism in Europe: Slovenia, Russia, and Romania

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines three East European states: Slovenia, a small country that has enjoyed a smooth transition to democracy and market economy; Russia, the world's largest state, which has failed ... More


After Military Rule in Europe: Spain, Portugal, and Greece

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the cases of Spain and Portugal. After decades of authoritarianism, placing the Spanish military under civilian control proved to be a relatively straightforward and brief ... More


After Colonial Rule in Asia: India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at two pivotal states of South Asia: India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan gained their independence in 1947. India succeeded in placing its armed forces under firm and virtually ... More


After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the democratization of civil–military relations in two former fascist dictatorships, postwar Germany and Japan, whose armies had destroyed and terrorized large swathes of the ... More


Conclusion

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the arguments of this study. The fundamental contention of this book is that consolidated democracies cannot exist without military elites committed to democratic ... More


India

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores India's nuclear posture. Like China's, India's nuclear posture is classified as one of assured retaliation. There have been various dramatic moments in India's nuclear weapons ... More


China

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter relies on the best available English language sources to detail Chinese nuclear posture over time. China, like India, has persistently adopted an assured retaliation posture against its ... More


Civilians and their Regiments

David French

in Military Identities: The Regimental System, the British Army, and the British People c.1870-2000

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199258031
eISBN:
9780191717840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258031.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

Cardwell and Childers hoped to raise the status of the regular soldier by rooting each regiment in its own local community, and using the depot and its linked militia and volunteer units as bridges ... More


Implications for Policy and Theory

David P. Auerswald and Stephen M. Saideman

in NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159386
eISBN:
9781400848676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159386.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter identifies the implications of this book's study for both future research and policy makers. One implication of this study is the shedding of light on the forum-shopping ... More


The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Zoltan Barany

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This is the first book to systematically explore, on a global scale, civil–military relations in democratizing and changing states. Looking at how armies supportive of democracy are built, the book ... More


Civil-Military Relations

Daivd Shambaugh

in Modernizing China's Military: Progress, Problems, and Prospects

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225077
eISBN:
9780520938106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225077.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter assesses China's civil–military relations, focusing on the post-1989 evolution of the military elite; the impact of the military suppression in Beijing on June 4, 1989; and the broader ... More


Regulating the role of private military companies in shaping security and politics

Anna Leander

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter argues that given the way PMCs shape security concerns and more generally political priorities, civil-military relations as a regulatory concern has been strangely ignored in the debate ... More


Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness: Egypt in the 1967 and 1973 Wars

Risa A. Brooks

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates how variation in the political-military balance of power in a state influences its military activities and effectiveness. It compares two cases of autocratic states that ... More


The T'ang Empire

S. E. Finer

in The History of Government from the Earliest Times: Volume II: The Intermediate Ages

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207900
eISBN:
9780191677854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207900.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter details the rise and fall of the T'ang empire. During the period, three major problems emerged and it can be said that none were satisfactorily solved. The first was the problem of ... More


“Military stations throughout all provinces”: Detached-Service Soldier-Police

Christopher J. Fuhrmann

in Policing the Roman Empire: Soldiers, Administration, and Public Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737840
eISBN:
9780199928576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737840.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter analyzes the various soldiers who were detached from their legions to perform police functions among civilians, reviewing military policing designations such as stationarius, ... More


A government in search of cover: Private military companies in Iraq

David Isenberg

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The use and conduct of PMCs in Iraq have posed different problems and challenges to regulation. This is illustrated most starkly by the difference in treatment of individuals implicated in the Abu ... More


Policy Prospects for Regulating Private Military and Security Companies

Eugenio Cusumano

in War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199604555
eISBN:
9780191725180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Although the PMSI does not operate in a complete legal vacuum, its inherently transnational nature makes traditional state regulation insufficient. The governance of PMCSs is thus a complex endeavour ... More


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