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Preventive War and US Foreign Policy

Marc Trachtenberg

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses US policy on preventive war. Following September 11, 2001, the Bush Administration established a new national security policy that was no longer based on the principle of ... More


The Future of the Casualty Gap

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter speculates about the future of the casualty gap. It argues that, due to advances in medical technology and the likely small scale of future conflicts, a “wounded gap” will become an ... More


What Would a Justified Preventive Military Attack Look Like?

Henry Shue

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the characteristics of a justified preventive military action. These are that (i) it must be limited to the effective elimination, including the prevention of the return, of ... More


Preventive War, What Is It Good For?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that although Bush's preventive war in Iraq is morally wrong, and his policy is too broad, some exceptional preventive wars can still be morally justified. It develops and defends ... More


To Close or not to Close, that is the Question: BRAC, 1988–2005

Jasmine Farrier

in Congressional Ambivalence: The Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192628
eISBN:
9780813135496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the cycle of institutional ambivalence of Congress as seen in the past two decades of the base realignment and closure process. From 1988 to 2005, the House and the Senate ... More


The War Policy Committee and the Origins of the Flanders Offensive

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

In early June 1917 the War Cabinet established the War Policy Committee to weigh up Britain's strategic options in the light of the crises in France and Russia, Britain's own economic and manpower ... More


A Decent Veil of Hypocrisy

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Kennedy administration waged a secret war in Vietnam even as it denied the obvious. An admission to combat engagement would acknowledge violation of the Geneva Accords as well as endanger the ... More


‘Restitution, Reparation, Guarantee against Repetition’: The Lloyd George Government and its Objectives, December 1916–January 1917

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Lloyd George summarized the terms Britain sought as ‘restitution, reparation, and guarantee against repetition’. His government never contemplated making a negotiated peace in December 1916. After ... More


Victory in 1918 or 1919?

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The implication of the War Cabinet's rejection of the Kühlmann peace offer, Russia's collapse, the weakened state of the French and Italian armies, Haig's failure, and the slow arrival of American ... More


Caporetto, Cambrai, and the Supreme War Council

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

By mid-September 1917 Lloyd George believed that the Flanders offensive had failed, that the public were becoming uneasy at the lack of news of definite progress and that the offensive should be ... More


Conclusion: The Tragedy of JFK

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0019
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Just as the withdrawal plan moved closer to implementation, President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, bringing the process to a close. His successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, assured ... More


Introduction: Toward a Tragedy

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Historians are reluctant to speculate on what might have happened in Vietnam had President Kennedy lived. Then why examine this issue? Kennedy died in Dallas, cynics declare, rendering it meaningless ... More


Counteraction to Counterinsurgency: The Military Solution

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Despite President Kennedy's outspoken support for counterinsurgency, nearly everyone around him preferred a military solution. Counterinsurgency required patience and time, all the while seeking a ... More


The Indirect Influence of Congressional Investigations on Policy Outcomes

Douglas L. Kriner and Eric Schickler

in Investigating the President: Congressional Checks on Presidential Power

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171852
eISBN:
9781400883639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171852.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores a third pathway of investigative influence: investigations in one policy area may affect presidential actions in unrelated policy areas by raising the threat of new ... More


Restricted Decision Making and U.S. Energy and Military Policy in the George W. Bush Administration

Liam Downey

in Inequality, Democracy, and the Environment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479850723
eISBN:
9781479885978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479850723.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter examines the elite roots of U.S. energy and military policy under the George W. Bush administration. It first provides an overview of U.S. energy and military policy since World War II ... More


End of the Tunnel?: A Comprehensive Plan for South Vietnam

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the war escalated, so did the president's interest in a partial withdrawal. The Mansfield report was deeply troubling not only because it contradicted most previous assessments but because it came ... More


Toward a Partial Withdrawal

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0016
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The continued threat of a coup had resurrected the Kennedy administration's interest in a partial withdrawal. Indeed, such a move might signal to the generals that the White House would do nothing to ... More


President Kennedy’s Decision to Withdraw

Howard Jones

in Death of a Generation: How the Assassinations of Diem and JFK Prolonged the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195176056
eISBN:
9780199850051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176056.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On October 2, 1963, President Kennedy made the decision to withdraw the first contingent of U.S. military forces from Vietnam, the initial step toward a major disengagement. This action resulted ... More


The Collapse of Kitchener's Strategy, December 1916–May 1917

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Since August 1914 British strategic policy had rested on four pillars. The Royal Navy was sufficiently powerful to keep open the Entente's maritime communications. Britain was sufficiently rich to ... More


The British Crisis, May–August 1917

David French

in The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916–1918

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205593
eISBN:
9780191676680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205593.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Russia and France were not the only members of the Entente to experience a domestic crisis in the spring and summer of 1917. Britain underwent its own crisis, which culminated in a series of strikes ... More


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