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The Criminal Responsibility of Private Military and Security Company Personnel under International Humanitarian Law

Ottavio Quirico

in War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199604555
eISBN:
9780191725180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Can private military and security personnel be tried for war crimes in the same way as ‘classical’ military personnel acting in armed conflicts? Might they enjoy exemption from liability because of ... More


The Legitimacy of the State and Private Military and Security Companies

James Pattison

in The Morality of Private War: The Challenge of Private Military and Security Companies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199639700
eISBN:
9780191756085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639700.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the employers of private military force. In doing so, it considers the differing ways of organizing the military. It first outlines and defends the ‘Cumulative Legitimacy ... More


Old Concepts and New Challenges: Are Private Contractors the Mercenaries of the Twenty-first Century?

Marina Mancini, Faustin Z Ntoubandi, and Thilo Marauhn

in War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199604555
eISBN:
9780191725180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores whether and to what degree private military and security companies' (PMSCs') contractors may be labelled mercenaries under current international law. On the basis of thorough ... More


Postwar Postwarrior Heroism

Sabine Frühstück

in Uneasy Warriors: Gender, Memory, and Popular Culture in the Japanese Army

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247949
eISBN:
9780520939646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247949.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter analyzes the construction of masculinities in the military. Historically, war has enforced an extreme version of male behavior as the ideal model for all such behavior, by emphasizing ... More


Soviet Military Participation 1936–1939

StanLey G. Payne

in The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100686
eISBN:
9780300130782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100686.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the intervention of the USSR in the Spanish Civil War as the most extensive Soviet military action since the close of the Russian Civil War. More troops had been involved in ... More


On Base

Sabine Frühstück

in Uneasy Warriors: Gender, Memory, and Popular Culture in the Japanese Army

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247949
eISBN:
9780520939646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247949.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter provides a microanalysis of the rhythms of everyday life on a Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) base. Specifically, it takes a close look at the internal mechanisms of a GSDF base through ... More


Feminist Militarists

Sabine Frühstück

in Uneasy Warriors: Gender, Memory, and Popular Culture in the Japanese Army

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247949
eISBN:
9780520939646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247949.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter argues that in contrast to male service members, female service members' militarized femininity is less molded by historical female warrior figures, who largely have been forgotten, than ... More


American Military Culture from Colony to Empire

Robert L. Goldich

in The Modern American Military

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199895946
eISBN:
9780190252663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199895946.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Until World War II, the primary peacetime job of the U.S. Army was not to be ready to fight instantly, but to provide a core of military expertise that would enable a wartime force of ... More


Experimentation

Emma Newlands

in Civilians into soldiers: War, the body and British Army recruits, 1939-45

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719088049
eISBN:
9781781707869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088049.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores the medical and scientific experiments that were conducted on army personnel between 1939 and 1945. These included trials of therapeutic drugs, synthetic stimulants and exposure ... More


Strategy and Justice

James Gow

in War and War Crimes: The Military, Legitimacy and Success in Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199327027
eISBN:
9780199388127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327027.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines the possible ways that defence professionals form opinions on the impact of war crimes issues. These war crimes issues centre on the ability to do one’s job, strategy, and the ... More


Do No Evil, See No Evil

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0022
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses the start of the anthrax outbreak from the viewpoint of a military officer, first studying the huge reformations of the Yeltsin era and the equally large turnover in military ... More


The Roman Military Presence in the Houses of Dura-Europos

J. A. Baird

in The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses: An Archaeology of Dura-Europos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199687657
eISBN:
9780191804823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199687657.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the arrival of thousands of Roman military personnel in the northern part of Dura-Europos, one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of ancient Rome, and ... More


The Prisoner of War Camp Trials

Yuma Totani

in Hong Kong's War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199643288
eISBN:
9780191749070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199643288.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines British courts' findings on the responsibility of Japanese military and civilian authorities for the mistreatment of POWs. The analysis focuses on five trials: the trial of ... More


Coming Out Under Fire

Allan Bérubé

in My Desire for History: Essays in Gay, Community, and Labor History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834794
eISBN:
9781469603117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877982_berube.9
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

In this essay, Berube shifts his focus toward military policy and the Selective Service System, which he describes as “a stigmatizing machine.” He recounts the ways that lesbian and gay military ... More


War Is Nasty

Mark de Rond

in Doctors at War: Life and Death in a Field Hospital

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705489
eISBN:
9781501707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705489.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The author denounces the war because of the ugly psychological effects of war. He first describes some of the day's casualties in Camp Bastion, including a seven-year-old bilateral amputee, a ... More


Casualties

Jonathan Shay

in The Modern American Military

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199895946
eISBN:
9780190252663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199895946.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Privation and disease have mainly killed soldiers until very recently. Now that enemy action predominates, faster and better control of bleeding and infection before and during evacuation spares ever ... More


Life in a Remote Siberian Garrison

Janet M. Hartley

in Siberia: A History of the People

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300167948
eISBN:
9780300206173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300167948.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses life in Siberian garrisons over the eighteenth and first three quarters of the nineteenth century. Garrison “lines” in Siberia were set up to assert Russian military presence ... More


European Imperialism and the Intensification of the Colonial Indian Slave Trade, ca. 1700–1710

Robbie Ethridge

in From Chicaza to Chickasaw: The European Invasion and the Transformation of the Mississippian World, 1540-1715

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834350
eISBN:
9781469603742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899335_ethridge.11
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter focuses on the frontier imperial strategy. None of the imperial powers had enough settlers or military personnel at their beachheads of empire to oversee the vast territories they each ... More


Morality

Amos N. Guiora

in Legitimate Target: A Criteria-Based Approach to Targeted Killing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199969739
eISBN:
9780199333288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969739.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the importance of morality in targeted killing, particularly in operations that involve the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. It argues that the increasing reliance on robotic ... More


rights to access health care: article 99

lawrence mohr

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0045
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the film Article 99v (1999), which tells the story of veterans at a fictitious government veteran's hospital unable to receive needed medical care because of funding cutbacks ... More


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