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From Peasant Soldier to Elite Warrior: Raiding, Honor Feuds, and the Transformation of Khalsa Identity

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Warrior groups outside Panjab regarded the Sikh chiefs as upstart peasants addicted to predatory warfare, as distinct from the norms of honorable warfare. “Predatory” practices such as raiding and ... More


The Making of a Sikh Sardar: Two Jassa Singhs and The Place of Sikhs in the Eighteenth-Century Military Labor Market

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

Two martial traditions existed by the mid-eighteenth century within the Khalsa. Peasants had had a history of earning livelihoods as soldiers in the armies of local chiefs and Mughal officers. As ... More


Introduction: The Origins of the Khalsa

Purnima Dhavan

in When Sparrows Became Hawks: The Making of the Sikh Warrior Tradition, 1699-1799

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199756551
eISBN:
9780199918881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756551.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Sikhism

This chapter questions the conventional understanding of the creation of the Khalsa warrior community. The argument that Khalsa culture and practices emerged fully formed during the lifetime of Guru ... More


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