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Population, Power, and Technology

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0013
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The components of armed force are technology, manpower, and economic resources of various kinds. Committing manpower and economic resources to war requires diverting them from the productive economy. ... More


Of Questions Not Asked: Measuring Effectiveness in the Counterinsurgency Era

Gregory A. Daddis

in No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This opening chapter, covering 1955–1965, provides an overview of contemporary counterinsurgency theory and analyzes the army’s counterinsurgency doctrine. It also illustrates the increasing ... More


Introduction: The Impact of Culture, Society, Institutions, and International Forces on Military Effectiveness

Risa A. Brooks (ed.)

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes why military effectiveness is such a critical issue worthy of study. It also considers the previous studies of military effectiveness, highlighting the strengths of individual ... More


No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Gregory A. Daddis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study analyzes how the United States Army, particularly the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), attempted to measure its progress and effectiveness while conducting counterinsurgency ... More


Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness in India

Anit Mukherjee

in India's Military Modernization: Challenges and Prospects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092384
eISBN:
9780199082674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092384.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter looks into India’s civil-military relations and its impact on India’s military effectiveness. It discusses the theory of civil-military relations and identifies that while Huntington’s ... More


Civil-Military Relations and Military Effectiveness: Egypt in the 1967 and 1973 Wars

Risa A. Brooks

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates how variation in the political-military balance of power in a state influences its military activities and effectiveness. It compares two cases of autocratic states that ... More


International Competition and Military Effectiveness: Naval Air Power, 1919–1943

Emily O. Goldman

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the connection between international competition and military effectiveness. It assesses the hypotheses about how the level of threat and diversity of threat affect the ... More


Introduction: Time, Space, and Population

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Time and space are intimately related in the world of human affairs no less than in the world of modern physics. The longest time scale is that of the so-called longue duree, a term that is ... More


Conclusion

Risa A. Brooks

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the sources of military power are probably to be far more diverse, and embedded in broader social, institutional, and international forces, than conventional analyses of ... More


Nationalism and Military Effectiveness: Post-Meiji Japan

Dan Reiter

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores how military effectiveness is affected by nationalism. It develops a model of how nationalism affects soldier motivations. It describes two areas in post-Meiji Japan in which ... More


Political Institutions and Military Effectiveness: Contemporary United States and United Kingdom

Deborah Avant (ed.)

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes how different constitutional arrangements affect military effectiveness by exploring the United States and the United Kingdom. It argues that the difference in institutional ... More


Social Structure, Ethnicity, and Military Effectiveness: Iraq, 1980–2004

Timothy D. Hoyt

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter investigates the effect of government policies intended to control internal division on overall military effectiveness. It specifically addresses the case of Iraq from 1980 to 2004. This ... More


International Alliances and Military Effectiveness: Fighting Alongside Allies and Partners

Nora Bensahel

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter defines the alliances and the widespread assumption that institutions can effectively aggregate the capabilities of their members. It also elaborates how the independent variables ... More


Global Norms and Military Effectiveness: The Army in Early Twentieth-Century Ireland

Theo Farrell

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes what global norms are and how they come to shape national military behavior. It examines the effect of global norms on military effectiveness through a case study of the army ... More


Explaining Military Outcomes

Stephen Biddle

in Creating Military Power: The Sources of Military Effectiveness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753999
eISBN:
9780804768092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the implications of effectiveness for outcomes in war. It also explains the link between military effectiveness and war outcomes. In addition, it argues that skill interacts ... More


A Hard Road to Travel: The Impact of Continuous Operations on the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia in May 1864

Carol Reardon

in The Spotsylvania Campaign

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807824023
eISBN:
9781469604411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898376_gallagher.10
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter uses the concept of “military effectiveness” to search for insights into how men performed under stressful conditions. Employing a comparative framework, it explores such factors as ... More


Technology and Culture: Guns and Innovation

Matthew Ford

in Weapon of Choice: Small Arms and the Culture of Military Innovation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190623869
eISBN:
9780190686574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190623869.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The prevailing assumption for many writers working on technology and change is that victory in war belongs to the masters of military innovation. If armed forces fail to act on this single insight ... More


Tactical Expertise and the U.S. Army before the War with Mexico

Wayne Wei-siang Hsieh

in West Pointers and the Civil War: The Old Army in War and Peace

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832783
eISBN:
9781469605081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898567_hsieh.6
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the military effectiveness of the U.S. Army before the Mexican War. The army's infantry had no standard tactical manual at the outbreak of the War of 1812, and the cavalry and ... More


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