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American Military Culture and Its Influence on Strategy

Phillip S. Meilinger

in Thoughts on War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter reviews US military culture and how each service has a different tradition and ethos. These differences affect how soldiers, sailors, and airmen view war, and how they plan to fight. It ... More


Thoughts on War

Phillip S. Meilinger

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

In these provocative essays, military historian Phillip Meilinger explores timeless issues. Beginning with an iconoclastic look at the ideas of Carl von Clausewitz, Meilinger sees an unfortunate ... More


Creating and Displaying Patriotism: Military Culture and Dynastic Self-Representation in Habsburg Austria

Laurence Cole

in Military Culture and Popular Patriotism in Late Imperial Austria

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199672042
eISBN:
9780191757693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672042.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter outlines the development of the military in the Habsburg Monarchy and assesses its impact on dynastic self-representation. By considering the use of public space in the propagation of ... More


Introduction: Military Culture and Popular Patriotism in Late Imperial Austria

Laurence Cole

in Military Culture and Popular Patriotism in Late Imperial Austria

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199672042
eISBN:
9780191757693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672042.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

Defining ‘military culture’ not as the organizational culture pertaining to the army as an institution, but as a way of understanding the historical importance of the military in Austrian society and ... More


Commander-in-Chief

Gholam R. Afkhami

in The Life and Times of the Shah

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520253285
eISBN:
9780520942165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253285.003.0013
Subject:
History, Middle East History

At the time of the Islamic revolution, the Imperial Iranian Army was considered a formidable force, unrivaled in the Middle East except by Israel and vying to become a world-scale power. This army ... More


Contexts for Class

Edward J. Hughes

in Proust, Class, and Nation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609864
eISBN:
9780191731761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609864.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The contexts for understanding class considered in this chapter aim to set the views of Proust alongside those of his French literary contemporaries. Paul Bourget’s negative characterization of ... More


Forging Napoleon's Grande Armée: Motivation, Military Culture, and Masculinity in the French Army, 1800-1808

Michael J. Hughes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737484
eISBN:
9780814708279
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737484.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The men who fought in Napoleon's Grande Armée built a new empire that changed the world. Remarkably, the same men raised arms during the French Revolution for liberté, egalité, and fraternité. In ... More


Conclusion: Military Culture and the Limits of Patriotic Mobilization

Laurence Cole

in Military Culture and Popular Patriotism in Late Imperial Austria

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199672042
eISBN:
9780191757693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672042.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter reflects on the role of military culture in imperial Austria and considers continuities between the militarizing drive evident before 1914 and government policies during the First World ... More


Introduction: Military Culture and Motivation in the Armies of Napoleon

Michael J. Hughes

in Forging Napoleon's Grande Armée: Motivation, Military Culture, and Masculinity in the French Army, 1800-1808

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737484
eISBN:
9780814708279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737484.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This introductory chapter reviews the prominent historical literature regarding military motivation in Napoleon's army, arguing that the study can be further expounded upon by combining military ... More


Honneur, Gloire, et Patrie: Honor in Napoleon’s Legions

Michael J. Hughes

in Forging Napoleon's Grande Armée: Motivation, Military Culture, and Masculinity in the French Army, 1800-1808

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737484
eISBN:
9780814708279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737484.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the forms of honor cultivated in the army. While the army-of-honor thesis contends that honor and virtuous patriotism were incompatible, Napoleonic military culture combined ... More


Civilians into soldiers: War, the body and British Army recruits, 1939-45

Emma Newlands

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719088049
eISBN:
9781781707869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088049.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Civilians into Soldiers is an examination of British Army life during the Second World War. Drawing on a wealth of official records and servicemen’s personal testimonies it explores the ways in which ... More


From the Coasts of the Ocean to the Snows of Poland: The Grande Armée and Napoleonic Military Culture

Michael J. Hughes

in Forging Napoleon's Grande Armée: Motivation, Military Culture, and Masculinity in the French Army, 1800-1808

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737484
eISBN:
9780814708279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737484.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter contains an overview of the history of the Army of the Coasts of the Ocean, the Army of Hanover, and the Grande Armée of 1805–1808. The ambitious new leader of France, First Consul ... More


Innovating within Cost and Cultural Constraints: The British Approach to Military Transformation

Theo Farrell and Tim Bird

in A Transformation Gap?: American Innovations and European Military Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763776
eISBN:
9780804781800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763776.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter investigates the development of the three elements of British military transformation: network-enabled capability (NEC), effects-based approach to operations (EBAO), and expeditionary ... More


Martial Glory and the Power of the State: Military Museums

Kirk A. Denton

in Exhibiting the Past: Historical Memory and the Politics of Museums in Postsocialist China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836870
eISBN:
9780824869748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836870.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter focuses on the most official of state military museums in the PRC—the Military Museum in Beijing. Like other military museums, this one asserts a military culture that bolsters the image ... More


Zulu Warriors: The Battle for the South African Frontier

John Laband

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300180312
eISBN:
9780300206197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180312.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Toward the end of the nineteenth century, the British embarked on a concerted series of campaigns in South Africa. Within three years they waged five wars against African states with the intent of ... More


Civil-Military Relations Post-9/11

Donald S. Travis

in Landpower in the Long War: Projecting Force After 9/11

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177571
eISBN:
9780813177588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177571.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Post-9/11 civil-military challenges associated with sustained military operations against assorted enemies in Afghanistan, Yemen, Somalia, and other regions around the world are examined through the ... More


The Mutable Nature of War

Phillip S. Meilinger

in Thoughts on War

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780813178899
eISBN:
9780813178905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

The third chapter was written after listening to several ground officers and historians argue that the nature of war was unchanging and immutable. One stated that war as experienced by an ancient ... More


The Change from Within

Gil-li Vardi

in The Changing Character of War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199596737
eISBN:
9780191803543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199596737.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the generators of change in the way war is waged and the conditions without which change — whether intended, incidental, or even undesired — is not likely to take place. Using ... More


The U.S. Marine Corps Raiders, 1942–1944: Conflicting Cultures of Elitism

Stephen Houseknecht

Hal M. Friedman (ed.)

in War in the American Pacific and East Asia, 1941-1972

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813176550
eISBN:
9780813176581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176550.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

In 1942, the U.S. Marine Corps created the Marine Raider battalions, the first American special forces units of World War II.However, the introduction of an elite subculture within the ranks of the ... More


Introduction: Maritime Militarism in Two Modern Nation-States

Dirk Bönker

in Militarism in a Global Age: Naval Ambitions in Germany and the United States before World War I

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450402
eISBN:
9780801463884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450402.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book is a study of German and U.S. naval ambitions before World War I. In documenting the histories of navalism in Imperial Germany and the United States, two countries that played leading roles ... More


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