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Military Commanders, Civilian Leaders, and Other Superiors, whether De Jure or De Facto

Guenael Mettraux

in The Law of Command Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559329
eISBN:
9780191705304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559329.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

This chapter deals with the scope of application ‘ratione personae’ of the doctrine of superior responsibility. In particular, it discusses and analyses the application of that doctrine to military ... More


Intimate Strategies of the Civil War: Military Commanders and Their Wives

Lesley J. Gordon

Carol K. Bleser (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195330854
eISBN:
9780199851393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330854.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

From Robert E. and Mary Lee to Ulysses S. and Julia Grant, this book examines the marriages of twelve prominent military commanders, highlighting the impact wives had on their famous husbands' ... More


Fundamental Concepts of Authority in Early Rome (to 367 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines the most basic and fundamental concepts of authority that defined the early military commander in Roman tradition, and it attempts to create a foundation from which to chart the ... More


The Law of Command Responsibility

Guénaël Mettraux

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559329
eISBN:
9780191705304
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559329.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Public International Law

The book studies the law of command or superior responsibility under international law. Born in the aftermath of the Second World War, the doctrine of superior responsibility provides that a military ... More


The Shocking Defeat

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

‘The shocking defeat’ begins with an overview of Allied and Axis military strategy during the phony war, surveys German plans for the invasion of France, and describes the Western Campaign between ... More


The Extent and Limits of State Intervention

Lauren R. Clay

in Stagestruck: The Business of Theater in Eighteenth-Century France and Its Colonies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450389
eISBN:
9780801468216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450389.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the role played by the state—defined as the royal government and representatives of the crown, including military commanders—in operating new public theaters in provincial ... More


“With the Law of War in Time of War”: Applying International Law to a Civil War

Burrus M. Carnahan

in Lincoln on Trial: Southern Civilians and the Law of War

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125695
eISBN:
9780813135380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125695.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

At the beginning of the Civil War, Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln had diametrically opposed views on the nature of the conflict and the laws that should apply to the conduct of hostilities and ... More


The Age of Battle, 1618–1815: The Case of Costs, Benefits, and the Decision to Offer Battle

in Castles, Battles, & Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226071633
eISBN:
9780226071657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226071657.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

In the Middle Ages, battles between substantial armies were comparatively rare. By the seventeenth century, war had become the prerogative of great dynasties that maneuvered and fought against each ... More


The Law as a Weapon

Burrus M. Carnahan

in Act of Justice: Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Law of War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124636
eISBN:
9780813134871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124636.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the fact that the U.S. military commanders in the field started using the law of war as a weapon against the rebels. The president had even begun this process in April when he ... More


Mughal-Afghan Interface: Battles and Mobilization

Raziuddin Aquil

in Sufism, Culture, and Politics: Afghans and Islam in Medieval North India

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195685121
eISBN:
9780199081325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195685121.003.0003
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter notes that Sher Khan's competence as a military commander is praised by both contemporary and later authorities in superlative terms. His credentials as a capable leader came to the fore ... More


The Cubans in Angola

Piero Gleijeses

in Visions of Freedom: Havana, Washington, Pretoria, and the Struggle for Southern Africa, 1976-1991

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469609683
eISBN:
9781469612515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469609683.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter focuses on Jonas Savimbi, whose intelligence and charisma were acknowledged by both friend and foe alike. “Savimbi is an impressive figure,” the U.S. ambassador in Zambia reported after ... More


Vulnerable at the Circumference Demobilization and the Limitations of the Freedmen's Bureau

Gregory P. Downs

in Declarations of Dependence: The Long Reconstruction of Popular Politics in the South, 1861-1908

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834442
eISBN:
9781469603407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877760_downs.6
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes how the face of government changed in North Carolina as Freedmen's Bureau agents opened offices across the state. Working with the Union's state military commander, the ... More


Russians White and Red

Warren Goldstein

in William Sloane Coffin Jr.: A Holy Impatience

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300102215
eISBN:
9780300135053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300102215.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter states that Bill Coffin had a remarkable instinct for sensing opportunities. If there were a time to wait for people and forces to gather and rearrange themselves, he seems to have known ... More


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