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Defending the Polis: Command

G. J. Oliver

in War, Food, and Politics in Early Hellenistic Athens

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283507
eISBN:
9780191712722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283507.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the organization of military command in the Athenian polis. Topics covered include structure of command, hoplite general, regionalized generalship for the countryside, royal ... More


The Development of the Classical Constitution (367 to 197 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter explores the development of the classical system of Rome’s military command (which included two consuls, a growing number of praetors, and the occasional dictator and master of horse) ... More


Fundamental Concepts of Authority in Early Rome (to 367 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter examines the most basic and fundamental concepts of authority that defined the early military commander in Roman tradition, and it attempts to create a foundation from which to chart the ... More


Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome (to 367 BC)

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter reveals that the origins of Roman military command do not lie in the traditional account of a joint consulship that was established at the foundation of the republic. Rather, two ... More


The Bases of Periclean Power: The Stratēgos

Vincent Azoulay

in Pericles of Athens

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154596
eISBN:
9781400851171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154596.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines one of the bases of Pericles' political power: as military leader, which rests upon the office of a stratēgos. It first considers the institutional and military mainsprings of ... More


Imperial Administration and Epigraphy: In Defence of Prosopography

WERNER ECK

in Representations of Empire: Rome and the Mediterranean World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262764
eISBN:
9780191753947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262764.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Administration produces documents. In that respect Roman administration does not differ from its modem counterparts. An identifying mark of Roman administration is the libellous, submitted to the ... More


Conclusion: War, Food, and Politics in Early Hellenistic Athens

G. J. Oliver

in War, Food, and Politics in Early Hellenistic Athens

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283507
eISBN:
9780191712722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283507.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents a summary of the preceding chapters. The book has covered these topics: grain supply; warfare, in particular its impact on the countryside; institutions (army, magistracies, ... More


Humanizing the Laws of War: Selected Writings of Richard Baxter

Richard Baxter

Detlev F. Vagts, Theodor Meron, Stephen M. Schwebel, and Charles Keever (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680252
eISBN:
9780191760181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680252.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book celebrates the scholarship of Richard Baxter, former Judge of the International Court of Justice and former Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School. The volume brings together ... More


Conclusion

Fred K. Drogula

in Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621265
eISBN:
9781469623146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This concluding chapter summarizes the main points of previous chapters, in arguing that the evolution of provincial command—particularly of imperium and the provincia—is in large part the history of ... More


Kosovo and NATO’s post-Cold War adaptation

Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

in The Kosovo Crisis and the Evolution of a Post-Cold War European Security: The Evolution of Post Cold War European Security

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719059797
eISBN:
9781781700631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719059797.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since the end of the Cold War, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) has been significantly reoriented and retooled across the board. This process of change has been captured under two main ... More


Jus ad Bellum and Military Command

J.F.R. Boddens Hosang

in Rules of Engagement and the International Law of Military Operations

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198853886
eISBN:
9780191888229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853886.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the various legal bases for the use of force, including national self-defence and the criteria for national self-defence, examining the law governing the initiation of the use ... More


The Development of Liberation Theology: The Marxist Phase

Paul E. Sigmund

in Liberation Theology at the Crossroads: Democracy or Revolution?

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072747
eISBN:
9780199854790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072747.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Various countries in Latin America, such as Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, and Peru faced extreme shifts in politics at the time of the transformation of military command. The church, however, did not shy ... More


The Combined Action Program and U.S. Military Strategy in Vietnam

John Southard

in Defend and Befriend: The U.S. Marine Corps and Combined Action Platoons in Vietnam

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813145266
eISBN:
9780813145464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145266.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter analyzes how the overall American manpower shortage in Vietnam and the ever-present interservice rivalry between the U.S. Army and Marine Corps affected the Combined Action Program. In ... More


First Contact, March–May 1864

Brian Holden Reid

in The Scourge of War: The Life of William Tecumseh Sherman

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780195392739
eISBN:
9780190079161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195392739.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter details how the year 1864 allowed William T. Sherman to operate for the first time not as a subordinate commander but as director of a series of armies in the field. His contribution to ... More


Briefing Congress: September 4, 1991—Washington, D.C.

Andrew Marble

in Boy on the Bridge: The Story of John Shalikashvili's American Success

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813178028
eISBN:
9780813178035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813178028.003.0017
Subject:
History, Military History

Set at the September 4, 1991, congressional hearing at the Rayburn Office Building, Washington, D.C., the chapter uses Lieutenant General John Shalikashvili’s testimony to a House Armed Services ... More


Architect of the Vietnam War

Ingo Trauschweizer

in Maxwell Taylor's Cold War: From Berlin to Vietnam

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813177007
eISBN:
9780813177038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177007.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

In this chapter I explore Taylor’s role in the American escalation in Vietnam in 1964-1965, when he served as ambassador in Saigon. Lyndon Johnson put Taylor in charge of all American assets and ... More


Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Agatha C. Hughes and Thomas P. Hughes (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

After World War II, a systems approach to solving complex problems and managing complex systems came into vogue among engineers, scientists, and managers, fostered in part by the diffusion of digital ... More


An Effective Deterrent?: Counterbalancing and Coup Attempts

Erica De Bruin

in How to Prevent Coups d'État: Counterbalancing and Regime Survival

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781501751912
eISBN:
9781501751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501751912.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines whether counterbalancing can deter soldiers from attempting to seize power in the first place. It conducts an array of analyses of patterns of coup attempts, which show that ... More


2 April–25 June 1944

Ada Gobetti

in Partisan Diary: A Woman's Life in the Italian Resistance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199380541
eISBN:
9780190254346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199380541.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter presents Ada Gobetti's entries in her diary from 2 April–25 June 1944. Here she recounts events such as the arrest all of the members of the Military Command of the military formations ... More


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