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Doctrinal Adaptation in Iraq and Afghanistan

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of doctrinal adaptability during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. The US Army’s conventional doctrine of AirLand Battle developed after the Vietnam War rejected ... More


Improving Adaptability in the US Military

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In this final chapter, the authors recommend ways to improve the adaptability of the US military so it is prepared to prevail in the wars of the 21st century. To improve adaptability in doctrine, the ... More


Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Adaptation under Fire looks at the essential importance of military adaptation in winning wars. Every military must prepare for future wars despite inevitably having little confidence about the ... More


The Challenges of Future War

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that it will be increasingly difficult for the US military to predict and adapt to the character of its future conflicts, because of growing strategic uncertainty, the addition of ... More


The Role of Doctrine

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of doctrine in military adaptation and how it prepares commanders and soldiers for the fog and friction of the battlefield. It argues that doctrine must remain flexible ... More


US Military Adaptability Today

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the US military is not adaptable enough for the challenges of future warfare discussed in Chapter 9. In the area of doctrine, excessive amounts hinder creativity and ... More


Technological Adaptation in Iraq and Afghanistan

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of technological adaptability during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. At the tactical level, it examines how soldiers in Iraq developed “hillbilly armor” to try to ... More


The Role of Technology

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of technology in military adaptation, and the markedly different challenges of technological adaptability at the tactical and institutional levels. At the tactical ... More


Introduction: Why Military Adaptation?

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The US military plans and thinks incessantly about wars and conflict—yet, like many organizations, it inevitably fails to foresee what comes next. That means that it must be able to successfully ... More


Organisational Adaptation

Antonio Giustozzi

in The Taliban at War: 2001 - 2018

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190092399
eISBN:
9780190099640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092399.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Originally, the Taliban were also poorly organized. Under pressure from 2009 onwards, they had to complement their trademark polycentric organization with centralized structures, which enabled great ... More


Theater Leadership Adaptation in Iraq and Afghanistan

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of leadership adaptability at the theater level during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. It focuses on two stark cases of failure that had severe strategic ... More


The Role of Leadership

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of leadership in military adaptation, which may be the most important factor of all. Adaptable tactical leaders must rapidly assess the battlefield and identify the ... More


The Taliban’S Tactical Adaptation

Antonio Giustozzi

in The Taliban at War: 2001 - 2018

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190092399
eISBN:
9780190099640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092399.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The Taliban’s tactics were originally quite clumsy, but were able to evolve towards asymmetric tactics with the help of foreign advisers from Iran and Pakistan. Mines became the main weapon in the ... More


Tactical Leadership Adaptation in Iraq and Afghanistan

David Barno and Nora Bensahel

in Adaptation under Fire: How Militaries Change in Wartime

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190672058
eISBN:
9780190937348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672058.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role of leadership adaptability at the tactical level during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. It examines how Colonel Sean MacFarland and his US Army brigade successfully ... More


The Taliban at War: 2001 - 2018

Antonio Giustozzi

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190092399
eISBN:
9780190099640
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092399.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

How does the Taliban wage war? How has its war changed over time? Firstly, the movement’s extraordinary military operation relies on financial backing. This volume analyses such funding. The ... More


The Emergence Of Alternative Centres Of Power To Quetta

Antonio Giustozzi

in The Taliban at War: 2001 - 2018

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190092399
eISBN:
9780190099640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092399.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The Miran Shah Shura predated the Quetta Shura, but only in 2007 did it start to drift away and become more and more autonomous. The main grudge held against the Quetta Shura was the concentration of ... More


The Troubled Comeback Of The Quetta Shura 2014-

Antonio Giustozzi

in The Taliban at War: 2001 - 2018

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190092399
eISBN:
9780190099640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092399.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

From 2014 the Quetta Shura started recovering influence among the Taliban, mostly due to its ability to re-direct funding away from other centers of power. Still the Quetta Shura remained divided ... More


The Crisis Of The Quetta Shura 2009–13

Antonio Giustozzi

in The Taliban at War: 2001 - 2018

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190092399
eISBN:
9780190099640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190092399.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

The US surge in southern Afghanistan in 2009-11 put the Quetta Shura under heavy stress, at a time when the Shuras of Miran Shah and Peshawar were trying to expand at its expense. The Quetta Shura ... More


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