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Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognizing the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics ... More


An Empirical Analysis of Labor Immigration Programs in Forty-Six Countries

Martin Ruhs

in The Price of Rights: Regulating International Labor Migration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691132914
eISBN:
9781400848607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691132914.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the key features of labor immigration programs in high and middle-income countries in practice. After providing an overview of existing academic and policy literature that ... More


Employment Challenges and Successes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Sophie Mitra

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter deals with how to improve labor market outcomes for persons with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries. It reviews labor market outcomes across disability status and the ... More


Should Middle-Income Countries Implement Environmental Policies?

Emilio Padilla Rosa

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyzes the reasons for middle-income countries to enforce environmental policies and not leaving them for later development stages. It puts into question the premise that low- and ... More


The Middle-Income Trap and Premature Deindustrialization in South Africa

Antonio Andreoni and Fiona Tregenna

in Structural Transformation in South Africa: The Challenges of Inclusive Industrial Development in a Middle-Income Country

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192894311
eISBN:
9780191915352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894311.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

South Africa has been experiencing premature deindustrialization and poor growth over an extended period of time. Premature deindustrialization is among the key factors locking many middle-income ... More


Economic Traps and Progress in Middle-Income Countries: An Introduction

José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the existence of potential economic traps that limit the capacity for middle-income countries (MICs) to converge towards high-income status. It presents an empirical exploration ... More


The Challenges International Banking Standards Pose for Peripheral Developing Countries

Emily Jones

in The Political Economy of Bank Regulation in Developing Countries: Risk and Reputation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198841999
eISBN:
9780191878046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841999.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The aim of this chapter is to provide readers with a solid grasp of the regulatory context in peripheral developing countries, and an understanding of the Basel framework, so that they can better ... More


Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There is growing evidence that overcoming the low-income threshold and reaching middle-income status is not sufficient for countries to converge toward high-income levels. Few middle-income countries ... More


Learning from Anomalies: Low-Income Survivors, Middle-Income Reverters

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the effects of political institutions and economic performance by considering two sets of cases that run counter to the expectations of modernization theory: low-income ... More


Employment Policy Approaches and Multisectoral Implementation in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Daniel Mont

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Focusing attention on disability and employment in low- and middle-income countries can be challenging because of high poverty rates and lack of availability of decent employment for large sectors of ... More


Assistive Technology and Employment in Low-Resource Environments

Joyojeet Pal

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The early years of implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities have led to an increase in scholarly research relating to disability rights and ... More


Middle-Income Countries and Multilateral Development Banks: Traps on the Way to Graduation Otaviano Canuto, Matheus Cavallari, and Tiago Ribeiro dos Santos

Otaviano Canuto, Matheus Cavallari, and Tiago Ribeiro dos Santos

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) have two financing windows, with different terms, dedicated to low- and middle-income countries. Countries are presumed to cross those windows as their income ... More


Paradigm Shifts and New Directions in Research on Early Childhood Development Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Hirokazu Yoshikawa and Ana María Nieto

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter identifies emerging paradigm shifts for research that can address the next generation of practice and policy questions in early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income ... More


Citizens’ Rising Expectations: A Call to Rebuild the Social Contract?

Mario Pezzini

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Middle-income countries (MICs) face a number of challenges in responding to the increasing demand for public goods, including an institutional development trap that prevents effective domestic ... More


Policy Coordination and Growth Traps in a Middle-Income Country Setting: The Case of South Africa

Haroon Bhorat, Aalia Cassim, and Alan Hirsch

in The Practice of Industrial Policy: Government—Business Coordination in Africa and East Asia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198796954
eISBN:
9780191838606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796954.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

South Africa has exhibited tepid economic growth over the past twenty years, as well as high levels of income inequality characteristic of a middle-income country growth trap. This chapter compares ... More


International and Global Health

Barry S. Levy

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190914653
eISBN:
9780190914684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914653.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Social injustice leads to profoundly increased rates of illness and premature death in low- and middle-income countries related to inadequate public health services and medical care, internal factors ... More


Global Value Chains, ‘In-Out-In’ Industrialization, and the Global Patterns of Sectoral Value Addition

Antonio Andreoni, Keun Lee, and Sofia Torreggiani

in Structural Transformation in South Africa: The Challenges of Inclusive Industrial Development in a Middle-Income Country

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192894311
eISBN:
9780191915352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894311.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Since the emergence and diffusion of regional and global value chains, production-chain development has always played a key role in shaping countries’ structural transformation. Over the years, the ... More


Mental Health Systems Around the World

Shekhar Saxena, Jeremy Kane, Noa Krawczyk, and Judith K. Bass

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the concepts, definitions, measurement instruments, and sources of data bearing on global mental health and mental illness. The discussion reveals the limited use of ... More


Making Strategic Investments in Adolescent Well-Being

Elena Camilletti and Prerna Banati

in Handbook of Adolescent Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190847128
eISBN:
9780190847159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847128.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Investing in young people is crucial to achieve inclusive development and uphold human rights. Adolescence is a unique window of opportunity whereby countries can benefit from investing in their ... More


National Development Finance in Middle-Income Countries: The Role of National Development Banks

Stephany Griffith-Jones

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the roles of National Development Banks (NDBs) in emerging and developing economies. They finance investment in sectors key for dynamic and sustainable growth, both through ... More


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