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Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Richard D. Smith and Kara Hanson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book outlines the key aspects and issues concerning health systems of low- and middle-income countries, recognizing the current global context within which these systems operate and the dynamics ... More


An Empirical Analysis of Labor Immigration Programs in Forty-Six Countries

Martin Ruhs

in The Price of Rights: Regulating International Labor Migration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691132914
eISBN:
9781400848607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691132914.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the key features of labor immigration programs in high and middle-income countries in practice. After providing an overview of existing academic and policy literature that ... More


Real and Personal

Paul Langford

in Public Life and the Propertied Englishman 1689–1798: The Ford Lectures Delivered in the University of Oxford 1990

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205340
eISBN:
9780191676574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205340.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the accommodations made by the gentry, in terms of the governing responsibility, tax liability, and distinctive economic interests of the landowning class. It also shows how ... More


Ambitious Pragmatism: First-Order Economic Principles

Justin Yifu Lin and Célestin Monga

in Beating the Odds: Jump-Starting Developing Countries

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691192338
eISBN:
9781400884681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192338.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter draws on lessons from history to argue that policy disappointments such as Ghana's mainly reflect failure not of politics but of economic thinking and policy making. There are now enough ... More


The Food Security Roots of the Middle-Income Trap

Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang, and Xiaobing Wang

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Volumes have been written about calorie and protein deficiencies in poor countries. However, much less research has been compiled on the food security problems of middle-income countries with ... More


Conclusions and Implications

Brian Nolan

in Generating Prosperity for Working Families in Affluent Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198807056
eISBN:
9780191844836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807056.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The concluding chapter provides a thematic overview in order to bring out from the range of findings presented in the book the main messages and their implications. In doing so, it highlights that ... More


What Drives Prices in Egypt?: An Analysis in Light of International Experience

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774163036
eISBN:
9781617970344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163036.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Since 2004, economic reforms in Egypt have led to robust expansion, a healthy external position, and enhanced investor confidence. But despite these positive macroeconomic developments, inflation has ... More


The Challenges International Banking Standards Pose for Peripheral Developing Countries

Emily Jones

in The Political Economy of Bank Regulation in Developing Countries: Risk and Reputation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198841999
eISBN:
9780191878046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841999.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The aim of this chapter is to provide readers with a solid grasp of the regulatory context in peripheral developing countries, and an understanding of the Basel framework, so that they can better ... More


Conclusions and Implications

Brian Nolan

in Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries: Shared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198807032
eISBN:
9780191844829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807032.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter brings together the findings from the ten individual country case-study chapters to highlight the lessons to be learned about inequality and living standards. It highlights the extent to ... More


Employment Challenges and Successes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Sophie Mitra

in Disability and Equity at Work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981212
eISBN:
9780199358007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981212.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter deals with how to improve labor market outcomes for persons with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries. It reviews labor market outcomes across disability status and the ... More


Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There is growing evidence that overcoming the low-income threshold and reaching middle-income status is not sufficient for countries to converge toward high-income levels. Few middle-income countries ... More


Should Middle-Income Countries Implement Environmental Policies?

Emilio Padilla Rosa

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyzes the reasons for middle-income countries to enforce environmental policies and not leaving them for later development stages. It puts into question the premise that low- and ... More


Economic Traps and Progress in Middle-Income Countries: An Introduction

José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the existence of potential economic traps that limit the capacity for middle-income countries (MICs) to converge towards high-income status. It presents an empirical exploration ... More


Economic Turbulence and Middle-Income Jobs

Clair Brown

in Economic Turbulence: Is a Volatile Economy Good for America?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226076324
eISBN:
9780226076348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226076348.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter describes the effect of economic turbulence on the earnings distribution. Economic turbulence affects the quality and quantity of middle-income jobs. Jobs at the bottom end of the ... More


Learning from Anomalies: Low-Income Survivors, Middle-Income Reverters

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

in Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the effects of political institutions and economic performance by considering two sets of cases that run counter to the expectations of modernization theory: low-income ... More


Belgium, a Poster Child for Inclusive Growth?

Ive Marx and Gerlinde Verbist

in Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries: Shared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198807032
eISBN:
9780191844829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807032.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter sets out the key trends in inequality and in household incomes for Belgium. It teases out why Belgium has been relatively successful, compared with other rich countries, in maintaining ... More


An Emerging Agricultural Problem in High-Performing Asian Economies

Yujiro Hayami

in Can Economic Growth Be Sustained?: The Collected Papers of Vernon W. Ruttan and Yujiro Hayami

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199754359
eISBN:
9780190261320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199754359.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter identifies the nature of a new agricultural problem emerging in high-performing economies in Asia, as they advance from the low-income to a middle-income stage. The “agricultural ... More


Slowdown Capitalism: Is there a new middle-income poverty trap?

Andy Sumner

in Global Poverty: Deprivation, Distribution, and Development Since the Cold War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198703525
eISBN:
9780191829215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703525.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues: first, if inequality is not mediated during economic growth and structural change, middle-income countries (MICs) may, in the future, face a new kind of middle-income poverty ... More


Authorial Careers: Or, How $6,000 Becomes a Middle-Class Income

Clayton Childress

in Under the Cover: The Creation, Production, and Reception of a Novel

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691160382
eISBN:
9781400885275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160382.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines how Cornelia Nixon turned a $6,000 advance for Jarrettsville into a stable and middle-class income. Nixon's writing ritual is a story not only about her creative process, but ... More


Middle-Income Countries and Multilateral Development Banks: Traps on the Way to Graduation Otaviano Canuto, Matheus Cavallari, and Tiago Ribeiro dos Santos

Otaviano Canuto, Matheus Cavallari, and Tiago Ribeiro dos Santos

in Trapped in the Middle?: Developmental Challenges for Middle-Income Countries

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198852773
eISBN:
9780191887154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852773.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) have two financing windows, with different terms, dedicated to low- and middle-income countries. Countries are presumed to cross those windows as their income ... More


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