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Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book covers the theory, practicalities, and the extensive applications of neutron powder diffraction in materials science, physics, chemistry, mineralogy, and engineering. Various highlight ... More


Financial Market Complexity

Neil F. Johnson, Paul Jefferies, and Pak Ming Hui

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526650
eISBN:
9780191712104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526650.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Financial markets provide a fascinating example of ‘complexity in action’: a real-world complex system whose evolution is dictated by the decisions of crowds of traders who are continually trying to ... More


Three Words from the Thesaurus: Negro, Sex, and Tolerance

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

Obviously, any collection of words meant for general use mirrors the world at the time when the words were culled. Using the lexemes ‘Negro’, ‘sex’, and ‘tolerance’ and related items, concrete ... More


Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Markus K. Brunnermeier

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Asset prices are driven by public news and information that is dispersed among many market participants. Traditional asset pricing theories have assumed that all investors hold symmetric information. ... More


A Multimodal Analysis of Structure and Function in Broca’s Region

Katrin Amunts and Karl Zilles

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The term “Broca region” is used inconsistently in the literature with respect to the underlying microstructure. It is often applied as a clinical and/or historical concept of a center of language ... More


INTRODUCTION

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter presents some ideas and key concepts in materials science. These include developments in the field of materials science, examples demonstrating the critical role played by ... More


NONEQUILIBRIUM PHASE TRANSITIONS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents theoretical developments in the treatment of atomic clustering. The theory is applicable to atomic species, which broadly include lattice or surface atoms, molecules, impurities ... More


Classification of Market Microstructure Models

Markus K. Brunnermeier

in Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The third chapter contrasts different market microstructure models. In the first group of models, all market participants submit whole demand schedules simultaneously. The traders either act ... More


RADIATION-INDUCED INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The irradiation of materials with energetic particles may induce drastic changes in their microstructure, and hence may induce important variations in their physicochemical properties. This chapter ... More


MECHANICAL INSTABILITIES

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is focused on mechanical instabilities, which give rise to microstructure pattern formation and eventual failure of stressed solids. Plastic instabilities are described in detail because ... More


Information: Economics

Ruben Lee

in What is an Exchange?: Automation, Management, and Regulation of Financial Markets

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297048
eISBN:
9780191685309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297048.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Political Economy

Although it is widely accepted that the dissemination of prices and quotes plays a central role in the functioning of markets, the nature of that role is the subject of much controversy and ... More


Information Revelation, Transparency and Insider Regulation

Peter d. Spencer

in The Structure and Regulation of Financial Markets

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198776093
eISBN:
9780191695384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776093.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The Copeland and Galai model introduced in the previous chapter is a preview to the simple market microstructure theory. However, it is a static specification: ruling out dynamic learning effects ... More


Security Research and Regulation

Peter d. Spencer

in The Structure and Regulation of Financial Markets

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198776093
eISBN:
9780191695384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776093.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Previous chapters have assumed that information endowments were fixed exogenously. This chapter, however, shows what happens if we assume that the financial research can deliver useful information ... More


Bone Histology of Fossil Tetrapods: Advancing Methods, Analysis, and Interpretation

Kevin Padian and Ellen-Therese Lamm (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520273528
eISBN:
9780520955110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273528.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

The microscopic examination of fossilized bone tissue is a sophisticated and increasingly important analytical tool for understanding the life history of ancient organisms. This book provides an ... More


Roget’s Thesaurus: A Topical Dictionary of Synonyms

Werner Hüllen

in A History of Roget's Thesaurus: Origins, Development, and Design

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254729
eISBN:
9780191719868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254729.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter analyses Roget’s Thesaurus as a topical dictionary of synonyms based on the usual lexicographical concepts of macrostructure, microstructure, and pragmatic structures. The preface of the ... More


A Primer on Exchange Rate Behavior

JAMES R. LOTHIAN and MARK P. TAYLOR

in International Finance: A Survey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199754656
eISBN:
9780199979462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754656.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, International

Exchange rate behavior has been a major concern in international finance since the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system of pegged exchange rates in the early 1970s. This chapter reviews the ... More


Biodegradable thermoplastic starch/poly (vinyl alcohol): nanocomposites with layered silicates

Katherine M. Dean, Euthathios Petinakis, and Long Yu

in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter, the formation, structures, and properties of a series of thermoplastic starch/ poly(vinylalcohol)(PVOH) nanocomposites with layered silicates are discussed. The relative ... More


Physiology of Nonavian Dinosaurs

Anusuya Chinsamy and Willem J. Hillenius

in The Dinosauria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242098
eISBN:
9780520941434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242098.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the paleophysiology of nonavian dinosaurs. It describes the physiological and functional aspects of dinosaurs and focuses on two distinct physiological attributes: ... More


Market Liquidity: Theory, Evidence, and Policy

Thierry Foucault, Marco Pagano, and Ailsa Roell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936243
eISBN:
9780199333059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936243.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The way in which securities are traded is very different from the idealized picture of a frictionless and self-equilibrating market offered by the typical finance textbook. This book offers a more ... More


Introduction

Thierry Foucault, Marco Pagano, and Ailsa Röell

in Market Liquidity: Theory, Evidence, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936243
eISBN:
9780199333059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936243.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This introductory chapter begins with an overview of what this book is about. It identifies two key concepts in market microstructure—market liquidity and price discovery—and explains why these are ... More


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