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Homo Microbis: Species, Race, Sex, and the Human Microbiome

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines some of the celebratory accounts that have gathered around the human microbiome—the ecology of microbes that exist in human bodies, with a particular focus on how it is infused ... More


Host–pathogen coevolution

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humans are home to a myriad of microorganisms that are known collectively as the human microbiome. Our bodies may also become infected by disease-causing organisms, or pathogens. Pathogens have ... More


Conclusion: Managing Menstruation and Beyond

Sharra L. Vostral

in Toxic Shock: A Social History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479877843
eISBN:
9781479894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479877843.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The results and consequences of the bacteriological, technological, medical, journalistic, legal, and political understandings of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) influence tampon users today. Most are ... More


Symbiosis and microbes

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses interactions between microbes and higher plants and animals. Symbiosis is sometimes used to describe all interactions, even negative ones. The chapter focuses on interactions ... More


Metabolism, Autonomy, and Individuality

Hannah Landecker

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the interdependence of metabolism, autonomy and individuality. The work of physiologist Claude Bernard illustrates the logic of total conversion that emerged in nineteenth ... More


Biodiversity of Grasslands

Brian J. Wilsey

in The Biology of Grasslands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198744511
eISBN:
9780191805738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744511.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Grasslands can be surprisingly diverse and contain many charismatic flora and fauna. Plant species are often combined into functional groups. Three major conceptual models: competitors-stress ... More


Coevolution, infection, and immunity

Peter Gluckman, Alan Beedle, Tatjana Buklijas, Felicia Low, and Mark Hanson

in Principles of Evolutionary Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199663927
eISBN:
9780191823206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663927.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humans have evolved with their pathogens, parasites, and commensals. This process of coevolution has shaped human physiology as well as the biology of the microbiota. The human gut microbiome ... More


Symbioses and microbes

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The book ends with a chapter devoted to discussing interactions between microbes and higher plants and animals. Symbiosis is sometimes used to describe all interactions, even negative ones, between ... More


An -omics Perspective on Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Elizabeth A. Williams and Tyler J. Carrier (eds)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

The diverse phenotypes exhibited by marine invertebrate larvae are the result of complex gene-environment interactions. Recently, technological advances in molecular biology have enabled large-scale ... More


Optimizing Cognitive PerformanceGenetic and Epigenetic Techniques

Valerie E. Martindale

in Human Performance Optimization: The Science and Ethics of Enhancing Human Capabilities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190455132
eISBN:
9780190455156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455132.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Optimizing human cognitive performance by genetic and epigenetic means requires consideration of the goal and context of the desired cognitive performance. This chapter considers two examples to ... More


From physiology to experience: Enriching existing conceptions of “arousal” in affective science

Giovanna Colombetti and Neil Harrison

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the notion of “arousal”, an influential notion in affective science referring to the degree of an individual’s “activation” or “excitement” during an emotional state. It ... More


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