Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-14 of 14 items

  • Keywords: miasma x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Epidemiology Emerges: Early Theories and Debating Determinants of Disease Distribution—Poison, Filth, Class, & Race (1600–1900) Early Theories and Debating Determinants of Disease Distribution—Poison, Filth, Class, & Race (1600–1900) Bodies Count: Epidemiology Emerges as a Self-Defined Scientific Discipline

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 3 analyzes epidemiology's emergence as a self-designated discipline in early modern Europe. It discusses how epidemiologic thinking was revolutionized by: (1) acceptance of numerical methods ... More


Contagion, Infection, and the Idea of Specific Agents

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the historical development of the notion of transmissible infection. In the late 18th century, developments in the field of infection began to tail off. The great and ... More


Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion: Volume I: Early Greek Religion

Andrej Petrovic and Ivana Petrovic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198768043
eISBN:
9780191821851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768043.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book takes a radically new look at the ancient Greek notions of purity and pollution. Its main concern is the inner state of individual worshippers as they approach the gods and interact with ... More


A Hostile Environment

Jonathan Strauss

in Human Remains: Medicine, Death, and Desire in Nineteenth-Century Paris

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823233793
eISBN:
9780823241262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233793.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

New, medically formulated anxieties about death were exacerbated by the belief that the conditions of modern life, especially the population densities of major cities, facilitated the mutual ... More


Death Comes Alive

Jonathan Strauss

in Human Remains: Medicine, Death, and Desire in Nineteenth-Century Paris

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823233793
eISBN:
9780823241262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233793.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines the most influential of the early nineteenth-century theories of death. Death, from the hygienic viewpoint, was a material presence: not a concept or abstract limit, but a ... More


Fine Buildings and Bad Smells

Evelyn Lord

in The Great Plague: A People's History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300173819
eISBN:
9780300206203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300173819.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The most popular theory on the cause of the plague was miasma—vapours caused by filth, overcrowding, dunghills, excrement, stinking standing water, and putrefying churchyards all polluting the air. ... More


Science in the Origins of the Cold War

Naomi Oreskes

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Political historians and historians of science have tried to evaluate the role and significance of science in the origins and prosecution of the Cold War. The introductory chapter reviews the work ... More


The Unavenged: Dealing with Those Who Die Violently

Sarah Iles Johnston

in Restless Dead: Encounters between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520217072
eISBN:
9780520922310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520217072.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

A look at information concerning what happened to the souls of those who died too young, who died violently, or whose bodies were left unburied; how they might suffer in the afterlife and ... More


Aeschylus, Euripides, and Toni Morrison: Miasma, Revenge, and Atonement

Tessa Roynon

in Toni Morrison: Memory and Meaning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781628460193
eISBN:
9781626740419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628460193.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This essay discusses Morrison’s interest in the interwoven nature of African and classical traditions, and her repeated use of the interfaces between Greece, Rome, and North and West Africa to great ... More


Mapping Miasma, Containing Fear:Richard Burton in West Africa

Jessica Howell

in Exploring Victorian Travel Literature: Disease, Race and Climate

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748692958
eISBN:
9781474400824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692958.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Sir Richard Francis Burton’s personal investment in African colonialism, his subscription to certain medical and racial doctrines, and his hostility towards African natives are all interwoven within ... More


Fighting for Rights: from Emmett Till’s Murder to the Ronald Reagan Years

Tessa Roynon

in Toni Morrison and the Classical Tradition: Transforming American Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199698684
eISBN:
9780191760532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698684.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores Morrison's stake in the Civil Rights Movement, the opposition to the Vietnam War, and in the experiences of women and/or the role of feminism within both these movements. ... More


Sophocles’ Sophrosyne, Unsound Thinking, and Pollution

Andrej Petrovic and Ivana Petrovic

in Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion: Volume I: Early Greek Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198768043
eISBN:
9780191821851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768043.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Chapter 9 considers the way that Sophocles’ plays do not reference inner purity and pollution explicitly; however, they do reflect on the merits of religiously correct thinking and the perils of ... More


Euripides on the Extremes of Purity and Pollution: Hippolytus, Orestes, Electra, and the Bacchae

Andrej Petrovic and Ivana Petrovic

in Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion: Volume I: Early Greek Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198768043
eISBN:
9780191821851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768043.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Chapter 10 discusses representations of inner purity and pollution in Hippolytus, Orestes, Electra, and the Bacchae. In Hippolytus, Euripides represents Hippolytus’ exceptional purity which is ... More


Confessions of the Unfriendly Spleen: Medicine, Violence, and That Mysterious Organ of Colonial India

Sudipta Sen

in Locating the Medical: Explorations in South Asian History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199486717
eISBN:
9780199092093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199486717.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This essay traces the genealogy of humors and diseases of the spleen that originated in England and became a common subject of study in imperial and tropical medicine, reinforcing deep-seated notions ... More


View: