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Treating Attentional Impairments

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

in Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.003.010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 10 addresses the significant issue of treatment of attentional impairment through both stimulant medication and psychosocial intervention. A considerable literature exists examining the ... More


Subjective Effects of Methylphenidate

Ssott Kollins

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Methylphenidate (MPH) is one of the most widely prescribed psychotropic agents in the United States, and its increased use over the past two decades has been a source of growing controversy among ... More


Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Louise Morganstein and Jonathan Hill

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Child and adolescent psychiatry is the medical specialty that works with children, young people, and families with emotional and behavioural problems. As children and ... More


Interventions for Cancer Late Effects and Survivorship

Robert W. Butler and Donna R. Copeland

in Comprehensive Handbook of Childhood Cancer and Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195169850
eISBN:
9780197562192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195169850.003.0022
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Clinical Oncology

It is now generally accepted that the diagnosis of many pediatric cancers and their treatments result in significant and long-lasting neurocognitive, ... More


Daytime Drowsiness

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

Drowsiness is common in those with DLB and PDD, and can interfere with thinking and memory, as well as quality of life. There are a variety of potential ... More


Introduction

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Amphetamines come in many different forms and have powerful effects for good and evil. An epidemic of methamphetamine abuse is sweeping through the USA ... More


Community psychiatry

Andrew Watson and Gil Myers

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Psychiatry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199665662
eISBN:
9780191918322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199665662.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

An inpatient admission to a psychiatry ward has a high cost both eco­nomically and psychologically. While it is necessary at times to treat someone in hospital, the ... More


Helping Children with Deficits and Disabilities

Laura E. Berk

in Awakening Children's Minds: How Parents and Teachers Can Make a Difference

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124859
eISBN:
9780197565506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124859.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Teaching Skills and Techniques

The movie Mr. Holland’s Opus, in its main plot and its subplot, is a thoroughly Vygotskian story. It chronicles a high-school music teacher’s metamorphosis from a ... More


Psychopharmacologic Treatment Issues in AIDS Psychiatry

Kelly L. Cozza and Harold W. Goforth

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372571.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Persons with HIV and AIDS are often prescribed a plethora of medications, all of which require special attention and are based on well-defined principles. In the first ... More


Psychopharmacology: Should I Use Medications for my Child?

Michael Ellis

in Caring for Autism: Practical Advice from a Parent and Physician

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190259358
eISBN:
9780197559574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190259358.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

There are numerous ways that a child might first present to a child psychiatrist. Most patients who present to my office are referred by pediatricians or therapists ... More


Stimulants: From Coca to Caffeine

Jerrold Winter

in Our Love Affair with Drugs: The History, the Science, the Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190051464
eISBN:
9780197559451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051464.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Unlike the opiates, which are a rather homogeneous group, the drugs we call stimulants come in a variety of forms. In this chapter, we will devote most of our time to ... More


Minimal Brain Dysfunction, Ritalin, and Racial Politics

Michael E. Staub

in The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469643595
eISBN:
9781469643618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643595.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines psychologists’ involvement in the 1960s and 1970s in inventing a diagnosis known as “minimal brain dysfunction” (MBD) – a precursor to attention deficit attention disorder ... More


Overclocking the brain? The potential and limitations of cognition-enhancing drugs

Reinoud de Jongh

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter critically examines the available evidence for the possibility of pharmacological enhancement of cognition. It looks at the effects of the most promising cognition-enhancing drugs ... More


Exaggerating the benefits and downplaying the risks in the bioethical debate on cognitive neuroenhancement

Andreas Heinz and Sabine Müller

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Proponents of cognitive neuroenhancement usually ground their argumentation on the assumption that effective neuroenhancers without serious risks and side effects exist or will exist soon. Their ... More


Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate

Stephan Schleim and Boris B. Quednow

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter we argue that the use of stimulant drugs as performance enhancers is neither new nor more common than it was decades ago. Our literature analysis of scientific sources from the ... More


Lessons for enhancement from the history of cocaine and amphetamine use

Stephanie Bell, Jayne Lucke, and Wayne Hall

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

We describe historical experiences with two medicinal drugs for which cognitive enhancement claims were made, cocaine in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and amphetamines in the ... More


Cognitive Enhancement and the Leveling of the Playing Field: The Case of Latin America

Daniel Loewe

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the prevalence and normative implications of cognitive enhancement in Latin America. According to the author, a policy of open market access to cognitive ... More


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