Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 43 items

  • Keywords: methyl x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Alpha-[11C]Methyl-L-Tryptophan Positron Emission Tomography

Carlos E. A. Batista, Diane C. Chugani, and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Alpha[11C]Methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) was developed initially as a tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) in order to measure brain serotonin synthesis, but subsequent studies have shown that it ... More


Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


Synaptic Plasticity in the Hippocampus

Bliss Tim, Collingridge Graham, and Morris Richard

in The Hippocampus Book

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195100273
eISBN:
9780199864133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100273.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The chapter opens with a brief historical account of the first two decades of research into about long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD). Section 10.2 discusses the various ... More


Crystal structures and phase transitions of the paraffins

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter discusses the known crystal structures of n-paraffins. Important variables include chain length, chain parity (odd-even), and chain folding. The existence of various polymorphic forms is ... More


Electron deficient molecules: three-center, two-electron bonds

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Molecules containing less than two valence electrons per bond are referred to as electron deficient. The simplest such molecule is the trigonal trihydrogen cation (H3 +). The ... More


Structure and bonding in simple compounds of the Group 14 elements

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The Group 14 elements from C to Pb form di- and tetra-halides. Monomeric dihalides are angular in the gas phase, monomeric tetrahalides have tetrahedral symmetry. The bonding in the tetrachlorides is ... More


Structure and bonding in simple compounds of the Group 17 elements

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a brief description of the hydrogen, methyl, and chloro derivatives of the monovalent halogens. This is followed by a description of compounds of hypervalent Cl, Br, and I. ... More


Ionotropic Glutamate Receptors: General Characteristics

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are the principal mediators of fast excitatory transmission in the central nervous system. These receptors were originally distinguished by their specific ... More


From the Ground Up: Fumigants, Ozone, and Health

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the local and international politics underlying the bitter struggle to end usage of methyl bromide. Animal-based studies showed that methyl bromide is a mutagen and reproductive ... More


Hydrogen, protons, and hydration in bio-macromolecules

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

in Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

In this final part, as many as possible of the results from neutron protein crystallography (NPC) to date are introduced. To organize the results from NPC, an online database called the “Hydrogen and ... More


The pharmacology of receptors present on squid giant axon Schwann cells

Peter D. Evans, Vincenzina Reale, Rosa Maria Merzon, and Jorge Villegas

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0146
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

The adaxonal Schwann cells of the squid giant axon possess a range of receptors for classical neurotransmitters. When activated, these receptors either alter the membrane potential of the Schwann ... More


Calcium

Rafael Yuste

in Dendritic Spines

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013505
eISBN:
9780262259286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013505.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter explores calcium dynamics in spines. It explains that spines compartmentalize calcium, and this can create input-specific synaptic plasticity. It further points out that calcium influx ... More


Introduction: When Agriculture Meets the Ozone Layer

Brian J. Gareau

in From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to explore how science, governments, industry, and civil society co-create solutions to global environmental challenges. It then ... More


The Coproduction of Science/Knowledge and Politics

Brian J. Gareau

in From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter highlights several interviews conducted with prominent members of the Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC) of the Montreal Protocol. A rift developed between pro-MeBr MBTOC ... More


Afterword

Brian J. Gareau

in From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents some final thoughts. It considers the withdrawal of methyl iodide from sale in the United States and sets it against the larger issue of global environmental governance of the ... More


Divorce and Reconciliation: Radical Recombination

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In Reaction 3 you saw that a radical is a species with at least one unpaired electron. An ‘unpaired electron’ is a single electron that is present in the molecule but not playing a role in bonding. ... More


Confronting the Consequences of the Pesticide Paradigm

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This book examines the cooperative efforts between farmworkers and environmentalists to campaign for pesticide reform. It charts the development of chemically intensive, industrial-style agriculture ... More


Ozone in the Atmosphere

Jack G. Calvert, John J. Orlando, William R. Stockwell, and Timothy J. Wallington

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190233020
eISBN:
9780197559529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190233020.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The importance of ozone to life on Earth and to atmospheric chemistry cannot be overstated. Nucleic acids and other macromolecules essential to life absorb strongly in ... More


Mechanisms of Ozone Reactions in the Troposphere

Jack G. Calvert, John J. Orlando, William R. Stockwell, and Timothy J. Wallington

in The Mechanisms of Reactions Influencing Atmospheric Ozone

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190233020
eISBN:
9780197559529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190233020.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

In Chapter I, we identified the origin of stratospheric ozone and its role in limiting the short wavelengths of sunlight reaching the Earth. We also saw the importance ... More


Modulation of Synaptic NMDA Receptors in Striatal Medium Spiny Neurons by Endogenous Dopamine

Partridge John G. and Vicini Stefano

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter investigates the modulation of synaptic N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in striatal medium spiny neurons by the presence of endogenous dopamine. It demonstrates that an interaction ... More


View: