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Method, Discourse, and the Act of Knowing

Evert van Leeuwen

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter presents a study of one of Descartes' most important works: the Discourse on Method. In many respects, the Discourse contains the outline of modern philosophy. Philosophically speaking, ... More


Augustine's Confessions and Descartes's Discourse

DONALD PHILLIP VERENE

in The New Art of Autobiography: An Essay on the Life of Giambattista Vico Written by Himself

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239000
eISBN:
9780191679810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239000.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Saint Augustine's Confessions and Rene Descartes' Discourse on the Method in relation to Giambattista Vico's Autobiography. It investigates what light the Confessions might ... More


The Years of Consolidation 1634–1640

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses various works of Descartes's and their reception, including objections to them and his response to those objections. Météors deals with meteorology, which includes a corpuscular model of ... More


Language and Machine in the Philosophy of Descartes

Jean-Pierre Séris and STEPHEN VOSS

in Essays on the Philosophy and Science of René Descartes

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075519
eISBN:
9780199853052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075519.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Descartes' answers to two questions still being asked today: Can machines fully imitate the functioning and behavior of living things? Can machines think? Descartes answers the ... More


About Methods

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There is a historical trajectory in methods discourse that is worth uncovering, encompassing changes in content, in the ways in which methods discourse is incorporated in experimental reports to ... More


Larvatus pro Deo

Jean-Luc Nancy

in Ego Sum

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270613
eISBN:
9780823270651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270613.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter examines the mode of presentation of Descartes’s method in the Discourse. What Descartes exposes in the Discourse is not so much a universal procedure to reach objective truth as himself, ... More


Mundus Est Fabula

Jean-Luc Nancy

in Ego Sum

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270613
eISBN:
9780823270651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270613.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the relation between fable and truth in Descartes’s Discourse as well as in his shorter treatise The World. Once we distinguish the fable from what is merely imaginary or false, ... More


Argument, Narrative, and Methods Discourse

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The first chapter develops the historiographical approach and the analytic tools that are used in the remaining part of the book. Focusing on writings about method by mid-seventeenth-century ... More


Dying to Know Descartes

George Levine

in Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475363
eISBN:
9780226475387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475387.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter discusses Rene Descartes as an epistemologist. Descartes has become the villain in the drama of Western epistemology. His epistemological propping of his science became deeply important ... More


Thousands of Experiments

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Fontana’s renewed engagement with the subject of viper venom resulted in a massive study of more than 600 pages. Book II of the Treatise on the Venom of the Viper produced a new interpretation of the ... More


Practical Criticisms

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The physician and literary writer Silas Weir Mitchell had a long-standing interest in venom research, spanning the second half of the nineteenth century. Mitchell’s work showcases the dynamics of ... More


Newtonian Poison

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Richard Mead’s Mechanical Account of Poisons includes a study of viper venom as well as a critical commentary on Redi and Charas. The several editions of Mead’s Mechanical Account showcase the state ... More


The Place of Deconstruction: A Conversation with Jean-Michel Rabaté

Derek Attridge

in Reading and Responsibility: Deconstruction's Traces

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748640089
eISBN:
9780748652112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640089.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents a conversation that took place by e-mail with Jean-Michel Rabaté on the question of deconstruction and place, initially written to be performed by him and the author at a ... More


Ego Sum

Jean-Luc Nancy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823270613
eISBN:
9780823270651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823270613.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Published in 1979, Ego sum challenges, through a careful and unprecedented reading of Descartes’s writings, the picture of Descartes as the father of modern philosophy: the thinker who founded the ... More


Experiment as the Only Guide

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Felice Fontana’s Treatise on the Venom of the Viper; on the American Poisons; and on the Cherry Laurel, and some other Vegetable Poisons is considered a milestone in venom research. Throughout the ... More


Trying Again

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The continuation of the dispute between Redi and Charas brought methodological issues to the fore. The chapter shows that while both investigators were experimentalists, they had quite different ... More


Controlling Experiment

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1880s, venom served as a means to explore specific body functions, and the changes thus produced were recorded with novel kinds of recording devices. Venom was tested systematically with a ... More


Fragmentation and Modularity

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early twentieth century, venom research migrated into the domain of protein and enzyme studies. Venom researchers consciously drew on new analytic techniques and approaches from research on ... More


Many, Many Experiments

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the mid-seventeenth century, experiments on snake venom were conducted within the larger contexts of discussions about body functions and the nature of disease; about blood, its role in the body, ... More


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