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God, Science, and Naturalism

Paul R. Draper

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is widely claimed in recent years that science and theology can and do interact harmoniously. This chapter, however, explores some areas of potential conflict. Specifically, it asks whether the ... More


Naturalism Characterized

Michael C. Rea

in World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247608
eISBN:
9780191601804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247609.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that characterizing naturalism as a view rather than a research programme and inevitably portrays naturalism either as a self‐defeating thesis or as a view commitment to which would be ... More


Naturalism Lost: Nature Regained

Conor Cunningham

in Turning Images in Philosophy, Science, and Religion: A New Book of Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199563340
eISBN:
9780191731303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563340.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter argues that while methodological naturalism is an essential component of scientific inquiry, metaphyscial naturalism threatens to undermine the very practice and intelligibility of ... More


Against Metaphysical Naturalism

Wolfram Hinzen

in Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces, defends, and contrasts the meaning of methodological naturalism with the metaphysical naturalism (‘phyicalism’) that characterizes much contemporary philosophical thought, ... More


The Misguided Attack on Methodological Naturalism

Keith B. Miller

in For the Rock Record: Geologists on Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257580
eISBN:
9780520943711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257580.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Both traditional creationists and intelligent design (ID) advocates argue that the methodological limitation of science to the study of natural agents and processes is equivalent to the denial of the ... More


Introduction: Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Joel Smith and Peter Sullivan

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some varieties of both transcendental philosophy and naturalism are distinguished, and a number of relations between them mapped. There is a discussion of transcendental idealism; transcendental ... More


Science without God: Natural Laws and Christian Beliefs

Ronald L. Numbers

in Science and Christianity in Pulpit and Pew

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195320374
eISBN:
9780199851379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320374.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter traces the history of what has come to be known as “methodological naturalism”, the bane of intelligent design advocates, who see it as an agent of atheism. Both Christians and skeptics, ... More


Introduction

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The introduction sets out the attractions and drawbacks of mathematical platonism, then gives an overview of the anti-platonistic argument of the book, paying particular attention to the difficulties ... More


Introduction

Peter Harrison

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The introduction to this volume begins with some preliminary distinctions and definitions before offering a description of the content of individual chapters and how they relate to each other and to ... More


Miracles: Their Possibility and Knowability

C. Stephen Evans

in The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263975
eISBN:
9780191600579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019826397X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

As explained in the previous chapter, there are substantial arguments that knowledge of the events of the incarnational narrative is not even possible. Several of these centre around the notion of ... More


Naturalism and Philosophical Method

Colin McGinn

in Truth by Analysis: Games, Names, and Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199856145
eISBN:
9780199919567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856145.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Metaphysical naturalism is the thesis that everything real is natural: there is no room for the supernatural in nature—or anywhere else for that matter. Methodological naturalism is the thesis that ... More


Defeaters?

Alvin Plantinga

in Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812097
eISBN:
9780199928590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812097.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 5 showed that some scientific theories or claims—theories or claims taken from evolutionary psychology and historical Biblical criticism—do indeed conflict with Christian (and Muslim and ... More


Naturalizing Pluralism about Truth

Wolfram Hinzen

in Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195387469
eISBN:
9780199332427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387469.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter offers a meta-analysis of the naturalistic component of the contemporary truth debate and outlines what is called a naturalistic inquiry into the nature of truth. Though aiming to be ... More


Methodological Naturalism

Jason Rosenhouse

in Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744633
eISBN:
9780190267827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744633.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In this chapter, the author considers philosophical questions about methodological naturalism (MN). Among intelligent design (ID) supporters “science” is commonly understood to refer to the totality ... More


Naturalist Tendencies in Medieval Science

Michael H. Shank

in Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter argues that the masters of arts in the new universities institutionalized approaches akin to methodological naturalism in the populous medieval faculties of arts. Explanations of natural ... More


Philosophy as the Study of Defective Concepts

Kevin Scharp

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

From familiar concepts like tall and table to exotic ones like gravity and genocide, they guide our lives and are the basis for how we represent the world. However, there is good reason to think that ... More


Science Without God?: Rethinking the History of Scientific Naturalism

Peter Harrison and Jon H. Roberts (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198834588
eISBN:
9780191872679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834588.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Modern scientific explanations invariably exclude reference to God and the supernatural. Science and naturalism thus go hand in hand. But in the past things were often different. Beginning with the ... More


The Reality of Consciousness

Philip Goff

in Consciousness and Fundamental Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190677015
eISBN:
9780190677046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677015.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents the “big picture” approach of this book. It argues that the reality of consciousness is a datum in its own right, a starting point for metaphysical enquiry that sits alongside ... More


Epilogue

Jason Rosenhouse

in Among the Creationists: Dispatches from the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744633
eISBN:
9780190267827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744633.003.0035
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

In this epilogue, the author presents his conclusions about evolution and creationism. In particular, he rejects the idea that evolution and Christianity can easily coexist, that anti-evolutionism is ... More


Revolution in Mind?

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the E-turn in cognitive science –the move to embrace enactive, embodied, extended and ecological views of cognition–and the empirical and theoretical considerations that ... More


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