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Performance or Compliance?: Performance Audit and Public Management in Five Countries

Christopher Pollitt, Xavier Girre, Jeremy Lonsdale, Robert Mul, Hilkka Summa, and Marit Waerness

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296003
eISBN:
9780191685170
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296003.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

Performance audit is now in fashion, but has in the past been a somewhat closed world, little studied by outsiders. Now an international team of researchers has studied the work of five national ... More


Responding to Resistance in Teaching about New Religious Movements

Eugene V. Gallagher

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Students frequently come to classes about new religious movements disinclined to take them seriously as legitimate religions. Borrowing from literature about race and diversity in the classroom and ... More


The Production of Knowledge: The Challenge of Social Science Research

William H. Starbuck

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199288533
eISBN:
9780191700521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288533.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

This book reflects on a number of challenges associated with management and social science research — the search for a ‘behavioral science’, the limits of rationality, the unreliability of many ... More


The Evolution of the Rules of the Societal Games

Masahiko Aoki

in Corporations in Evolving Diversity: Cognition, Governance, and Institutional Rules

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199218530
eISBN:
9780191711510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218530.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

Based on the recent development of epistemic game theory, this chapter attempts to resolve longstanding contested issues across social science disciplines about the nature and origin of institutions. ... More


Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Nicholas Rescher

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Nature and Understanding explores the prospect of looking from a scientific point of view at such central ideas of traditional metaphysics as the simplicity of nature, its ... More


‘The Art of Knowing’: Social and Tacit Dimensions of Knowledge and the Limits of the Community of Practice

Paul Duguid

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

This chapter challenges recent attempts to reduce knowledge to information and to dismiss tacit knowledge as nothing more than uncodified explicit knowledge. Polanyi's notion of a tacit dimension ... More


Political Behavior: Institutional and Experiential Approaches

Patrick Dunleavy

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Traces political behaviour research as a gradual shift from modernism to post‐modernism, reflected in the use of positivist methodologies in institutional approaches to methodological pluralism and ... More


Rational Choice, Area Expertise, and Democratic Transition in Developing Societies: A Theoretical Framework

HeeMin Kim

in Korean Democracy in Transition: A Rational Blueprint for Developing Societies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129945
eISBN:
9780813135748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129945.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses rational choice theory and the aims and purposes of this book. Rational choice theory has been applied in many subfields of political science, such as international relations ... More


Conclusion

Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study of peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine faced several methodological challenges: it had to define P/CROs, draw on ... More


Theory and Methodology

Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study investigated peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in three protracted conflicts in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine. P/CROs are citizen‐initiated ... More


Towards a Socially Reflexive Healthcare Ethics

Alan Cribb

in Health and the Good Society: Setting Healthcare Ethics in Social Context

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199242733
eISBN:
9780191603549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242739.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter seeks to pull together the arguments and implications of the book. In particular, it wants to ask how we — individually and collectively — ought to understand and debate the major ... More


Cosmopolitanism, Comparative Political Theory and Civilizational Alterity

Farah Godrej

in Cosmopolitan Political Thought: Method, Practice, Discipline

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782062
eISBN:
9780199919123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782062.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

In recent years, two movements have emerged which should interest to political theorists. First, “cosmopolitanism” has become the focus of much normative interest within political theory. ... More


Rational People and Religion

Witham Larry

in Marketplace of the Gods: How Economics Explains Religion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195394757
eISBN:
9780199777372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394757.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Economics and cognitive psychology have long debated the nature of human rationality. One says humans have a capacity for rational calculation, while the other points to “cognitive bias” in people’s ... More


Empiricism and the Way of Ideas

Ryan Nichols

in Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199276912
eISBN:
9780191707759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276912.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter brings together some remarks upon Reid's methodological empiricism and attempts to set him apart from these predecessors. By placing thorough limitations upon natural philosophy, he ... More


Implications of psychotherapy research for the study of meditation

David A. Shapiro

in The Psychology of Meditation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521945
eISBN:
9780191688478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521945.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that efforts to ascertain the effects of meditation on well-being and health are usefully viewed as falling within the larger domain of psychotherapy ... More


Future Research

Peter J. Burke and Jan E. Stets

in Identity Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388275
eISBN:
9780199943937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388275.003.0033
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter provides some directions for future research on a number of methodological and theoretical fronts. It considers theoretical development, such as types of discrepancies and the testing of ... More


: Nations and Nationalism in British Political Studies

Charles King

in The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262948
eISBN:
9780191734762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262948.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter attempts to provide a ‘reader’s guide’ to nationalism in British politics. It explores some of the major trends in the British study of nationalism and relates these to broader ... More


Methodological Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methodological studies that were conducted as part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The discussion mentions the shift from a sampling-without-replacement paradigm ... More


Syntactic Argumentation and Radical Construction Grammar

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The fundamental question of syntactic theory is: what is the nature of a speaker’s grammatical knowledge? But an equally fundamental question is hardly discussed: is there a general method to ... More


: The Critique of Individualism

Alan Ryan

in The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262948
eISBN:
9780191734762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262948.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter focuses on the thought that ‘rational, economic man’ may be a useful figment of the economists’ imagination but is not a useful figment of the social and political theorist’s. After some ... More


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