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Philosophy without Intuitions

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely extensively on intuitions as evidence is almost universally accepted in current meta-philosophical debates and it figures prominently in our ... More


Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Hugo Adam Bedau

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book demonstrates the usefulness of “casuistry”, or “the method of cases” in arriving at moral decisions. It examines well-known cases that compel us to consider questions about who ought to ... More


Intuitions in Philosophy: Overview and Taxonomy

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely on intuitions as evidence (Centrality) is widely accepted both in philosophical methodology or metaphilosophy and philosophy at large. This ... More


Centrality and Philosophical Practice

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some so-called moderate rationalists such as Bealer present a controversial picture of philosophy: methodological rationalism. In addition to claiming that philosophers rely on intuitions as ... More


The Method of Cases

Edouard Machery

in Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198807520
eISBN:
9780191845444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807520.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many areas of philosophy rely on the method of cases: Philosophers consider actual or hypothetical situations (which cases or thought experiments describe) in order to determine what facts hold in ... More


Internal Difficulties in Defending the Method of Cases, and the Claim of Continuity

Avner Baz

in The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801887
eISBN:
9780191840432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801887.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter examines Timothy Williamson’s and Herman Cappelen’s attempts to defend the method of cases in its traditional, “armchair” form, against the “cognitive diversity” and “calibration” ... More


Remnant Persons: Animalism’s Undoing

Mark Johnston

in Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, and Identity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199608751
eISBN:
9780191823305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608751.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter raises three objections to animalism. First, if it isn’t an account of what we essentially are then the “too many persons” argument is ineffectual, since “animal” could be a phase ... More


The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy

Avner Baz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801887
eISBN:
9780191840432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801887.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The book presents a critique of what has come to be called “the method of cases”—theorizing on the basis of the “application” of words to cases—as well as of the recent debates between “armchair” and ... More


Introduction: Armchair Philosophy, Experimental Philosophy, and the Minimal Assumption

Avner Baz

in The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801887
eISBN:
9780191840432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801887.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is little question that experimental philosophy constitutes one of the most significant developments in analytic philosophy in the last couple of decades. What is less clear is what its ... More


Cognitive Psychology and the Metaphysics of Meaning

Mark Johnston and Sarah-Jane Leslie

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter distinguishes the clusters of psychologically real heuristics that govern our use of terms—the “psi-concepts”—from the “phi-concepts” or meanings that are the semantic determinants of ... More


Gettier Was Framed!

Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Amita Chatterjee, Kaori Karasawa, Noel Struchiner, Smita Sirker, Naoki Usui, and Takaaki Hashimoto

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gettier cases describe situations where an agent possesses a justified true belief that p, without, at least according to mainstream analytic epistemology, knowing that p, while the “Gettier ... More


Conclusion: On Going (and Getting) Nowhere with Our Words

Avner Baz

in The Crisis of Method in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801887
eISBN:
9780191840432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801887.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The conclusion underscores the difference between the method of cases as commonly practiced and ordinary language philosophy. The latter proceeds by inviting us to project ourselves imaginatively ... More


Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds

Edouard Machery

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198807520
eISBN:
9780191845444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807520.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds, Edouard Machery argues that resolving many traditional and contemporary philosophical issues is beyond our epistemic reach and that philosophy should reorient ... More


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