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 The Heavens: Prediction and Providence

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter shows how al-Kindī interweaves ideas from Greek cosmology to give a theory that can explain the efficacy of astrology and how God’s providence is dispersed by means of heavenly ... More


Loyola's Bees: Ideology and Industry in Jesuit Latin Didactic Poetry

Yasmin Haskell

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262849
eISBN:
9780191734588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262849.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This is the first dedicated study of the classical-style, Latin didactic poetry produced by the Society of Jesus in the early modern period. The Jesuits were the most prolific composers of such ... More


The Cosmic Viewpoint: A Study of Seneca's Natural Questions

Gareth D. Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731589
eISBN:
9780199933112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731589.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Seneca’s Natural Questions is an eight‐book disquisition on the nature of meteorological phenomena, many of which had been treated in the earlier Greco‐Roman meteorological tradition; but what ... More


The Parent of a Hundred Superstitions

Maureen Perkins

in Visions of the Future: Almanacs, Time, and Cultural Change 1775-1870

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198121787
eISBN:
9780191671302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198121787.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 18th-century Literature

The disappearance of weather almanacs in the 1860s was connected with Robert Fitzroy's dissemination of official government reports to the newspapers. It was during the 1860s that newspapers became ... More


Greening the Alliance: The Diplomacy of NATO's Science and Environmental Initiatives

Simone Turchetti

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226595658
eISBN:
9780226595825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226595825.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following the launch of Sputnik, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization became a prominent sponsor of scientific research in its member countries, a role it retained until the end of the Cold War. As ... More


Teleology and Elements

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Did Aristotle consider the properties of the elements to be teleologically explicable? According to some commentators, he did not, but considered these to operate according to material, moving, or ... More


Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Phaedra Daipha

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book draws on a two-year ethnography of forecasting operations at the National Weather Service (NWS) to theorize decision-making in action. Contrary to popular wisdom, weather forecasters are ... More


Shakespeare's Representation of Weather, Climate and Environment: The Early Modern 'Fated Sky'

Sophie Chiari

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474442527
eISBN:
9781474459709
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474442527.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

While ecocritical approaches to literary texts receive more and more attention, climate-related issues remain fairly neglected, particularly in the field of Shakespeare studies. This monograph ... More


A New Beginning 1629–1630

Stephen Gaukroger

in Descartes: An Intellectual Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237242
eISBN:
9780191597480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237243.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Discusses possible reasons for Descartes's move to the Netherlands, and his avoidance of patronage there. Considers his work on optics (including the sine law of refraction and the grinding of ... More


Early China Coast Meteorology: The Role of Hong Kong

P. Kevin MacKeown

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028856
eISBN:
9789882206878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028856.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Numerous personality clashes and financial and other intrigues surrounded the early efforts to set up an observatory in Hong Kong. Blending personalities, politics, and practicalities of studying the ... More


The Weather Prediction Enterprise

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Centered on the unfolding and eventual closure of a recent, highly contentious operational transition at the NWS, this chapter introduces readers to the institutionalized environment in which NWS ... More


Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Tim Woollings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

A number of extreme weather events have struck the Northern Hemisphere in recent years, from scorching heatwaves to desperately cold winters and from floods and storms to droughts and wildfires. Is ... More


Nineteenth-Century Observatories

P. Kevin MacKeown

in Early China Coast Meteorology: The Role of Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028856
eISBN:
9789882206878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028856.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines nineteenth-century meteorological observatories in relation to the history of the Hong Kong Observatory. It discusses early systematic observations of the weather prior to 1860, ... More


Universal Dissatisfaction

P. Kevin MacKeown

in Early China Coast Meteorology: The Role of Hong Kong

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028856
eISBN:
9789882206878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028856.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the dissatisfaction that was made manifest with the Hong Kong Observatory in 1887, particularly in matters related to meteorology. The criticisms were centered on director ... More


Research in Science

Deepak Kumar

in Science and the Raj: A Study of British India

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195687149
eISBN:
9780199081684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687149.003.0005
Subject:
History, Indian History

Although science in the metropolis had undergone significant professionalization and specialization, this was not beneficial to India's educational system. As a result, few Indians were able to ... More


Misfortunes and Shipwrecks in the Seas of the Indies, Islands, and Mainland of the Ocean Sea (1513–1548): Book Fifty of the 'General and Natural History of the Indies'

Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035406
eISBN:
9780813038377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035406.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

These dramatic tales of seafaring and shipwrecks have been translated into English for the first time from the author's sixteenth-century reports on the perils and disasters experienced by travelers ... More


Introduction

Kristine C. Harper

in Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083782
eISBN:
9780262274982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083782.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This introductory chapter sets out the book’s four main goals: (i) to tell the story of American meteorology’s transformation from a discipline more art than science in the early twentieth century to ... More


First Woman: Joanne Simpson and the Tropical Atmosphere

James Rodger Fleming

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198862734
eISBN:
9780191895340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862734.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book, based on the life and work of Joanne (Gerould) Simpson (1923–2010), charts the history of women in meteorology and the history of tropical meteorology in the context of her long and ... More


Trades

Tim Woollings

in Jet Stream: A Journey Through our Changing Climate

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828518
eISBN:
9780191867002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828518.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter focuses on understanding the trade winds in the tropical Atlantic. A historical approach is taken, starting from ancient Greek and Chinese theories of wind and then discussing various ... More


Tornado God: American Religion and Violent Weather

Peter J. Thuesen

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190680282
eISBN:
9780190680312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190680282.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

One of the earliest sources of humanity’s religious impulse was severe weather, which ancient peoples attributed to the wrath of storm gods. Enlightenment thinkers derided such beliefs as ... More


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