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Paraconsistent Set Theory

Graham Priest

in In Contradiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The major topic of this chapter is set theory, and specifically the shape of an acceptable paraconsistent set theory. It reviews what is currently known about the matter and suggests some new ideas. ... More


Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Bryan Sokol, Ulrich Muller, Jeremy Carpendale, Arlene Young, and Grace Iarocci (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

New research on children's executive functioning and self-regulation has begun to reveal important connections to their developing social understanding (or “theories of mind”) and emotional ... More


Executive Function: Description and Explanation

Anthony Steven Dick and Willis F. Overton

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The concept “executive function,” which broadly refers to the psychological processes involved in the conscious control of action and thought, occupies a central place in the study of cognition and ... More


Epistemic Flow and the Social Making of Minds

Charlie Lewis, Jeremy I. M. Carpendale, John Towse, and Katerina Maridaki-Kassotaki

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Correlations between an understanding of self and other in psychological terms, often referred to as “theory of mind,” and the control of action, often labeled “executive functions,” have been ... More


Metatheory

Patricia A. Blanchette

in Frege’s Conception of Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891610
eISBN:
9780199933211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891610.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues, as against Jean van Heijenoort, Burt Dreben, Warren Goldfarb, Tom Ricketts, and Joan Weiner, that Frege can, and does, make good sense of metatheory. The details of Frege’s ... More


Reconceptualizing Lifespan Development through a Hindu Perspective

T. S. Saraswathi, Jayanthi Mistry, and Ranjana Dutta

in Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology: New Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195383430
eISBN:
9780199827176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents insights from the Hindu life stages and lifespan constructs to argue for a dialectic synthesis and integration rather than an oppositional stance between the “one-size-fits-all” ... More


The Knowledge Cycle

Keith Lehrer

in Metamind

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains the difference between a foundation theory and a coherence theory of epistemic justification. It argues that weak foundation theories fail to distinguish themselves from ... More


Meaning and Normativity

Allan Gibbard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The concepts of meaning and mental content resist naturalistic analysis and this, Kripke’s Wittgenstein suggests, is because these concepts are normative. The book draws, motivates, and sketches an ... More


Introduction

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Kripke’s Wittgenstein suggests that questions of meaning are normative. This would make the meaning of ‘meaning’ part of an expanded metaethics. The strong normativity thesis that the book elaborates ... More


Meaning and Plans

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter joins the previous normative metatheory of meaning, which was couched in terms of Ewing’s primitive ought, to expressivism for this ought. Ought beliefs are treated as something like ... More


Interpreting Interpretation

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The metatheory of the book is tested in application to itself. What sorts of plans must one have to believe the metatheory, and do we have such plans? The structure of the metatheory is like that of ... More


Section 31 Revisited: Frege's Elucidations

Joan Weiner

in From Frege to Wittgenstein: Perspectives on Early Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195133264
eISBN:
9780199833580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133269.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Section 31 of his Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, Frege argues that all the simple names in his logical notation have Bedeutung. Most contemporary philosophers have found Frege's argument deeply ... More


Understanding epistemic relevance

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Semantic information needs to be not only truthful but also relevant in order to qualify as knowledge. So, this chapter develops and defends a subjectivist interpretation of epistemic relevance. This ... More


The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Derek Ball and Brian Rabern (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Semantics is the systematic study of linguistic meaning. The past fifty years have seen an explosion of research into the semantics of natural languages. There are now sophisticated theories of ... More


Unification of Macroevolutionary Theory: Biologic Hierarchies, Consonance, and the Possibility of Connecting the Dots

William Miller III (ed.)

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Modern macroevolutionary theory can be viewed as an expansion of the Modern Synthesis involving the interpretation of patterns and processes above the organizational level of organisms packaged in ... More


Theory in Social Work Science

Susan P. Kemp and Gina Miranda Samuels

in Shaping a Science of Social Work: Professional Knowledge and Identity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190880668
eISBN:
9780190880699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880668.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter argues that it is time to (re)invest in the theoretical as well as methodological and analytic foundations of social work science and in the theoretical preparedness of social work ... More


A Bio-Cultural-Historical Approach to the Study of Development

Michael Cole and Martin Packer

in Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458850
eISBN:
9780190465629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458850.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter identifies an emerging consensus among cultural-developmental scientists concerning the relationship between culture and human ontogeny. It then builds on the areas of this consensus to ... More


Studying Positive Youth Development in Different Nations: Theoretical and Methodological Issues

Richard M. Lerner, Jacqueline V. Lerner, G. John Geldhof, Steinunn Gestsdóttir, Pamela Ebstyne King, Alistair T. R. Sim, Milena Batanova, Jonathan M. Tirrell, and Elizabeth Dowling

in Handbook of Adolescent Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190847128
eISBN:
9780190847159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190847128.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

International interest is growing concerning using strength-based models of adolescent development to understand how mutually influential relations between individuals and their key settings may be a ... More


Introduction to the Science of Meaning

Derek Ball and Brian Rabern

in The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This Introduction aims to acquaint the reader with some of the main views on the foundations of natural language semantics, to discuss the type of phenomena semanticists study, and to give some basic ... More


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