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A Metasemantic Account of Vagueness

Agustín Rayo

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends a metasemantic account of vagueness, which is based on the following three theses: (1) The meaningfulness of our sentences depends on the prevalence of suitable linguistic ... More


Felicitous Underspecification: Contextually Sensitive Expressions Lacking Unique Semantic Values in Context

Jeffrey C. King

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192857057
eISBN:
9780191947858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192857057.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Felicitous uses of contextually sensitive expressions generally have unique semantic values in context. For example, a felicitous use of the singular pronoun ‘she’ generally has a single female as ... More


Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Alexis Burgess, Herman Cappelen, and David Plunkett (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Conceptual engineering is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with assessing representational devices such as concepts and words. Conceptual engineers looks for the problems with such devices ... More


Meaning in Linguistic Interaction: Semantics, Metasemantics, Philosophy of Language

Kasia M. Jaszczolt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199602469
eISBN:
9780191815867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602469.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The book contains a semantic and metasemantic inquiry into the representation of meaning in linguistic interaction. It offers a new contextualist take on the semantics/pragmatics boundary issue, ... More


Practical Expressivism

Neil Sinclair

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198866107
eISBN:
9780191898327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality is a human institution that can be adequately understood as a naturalistically explicable coordination device, whereby human beings work towards, sustain, and refine mutually beneficial ... More


Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning

Alexis Burgess and Brett Sherman (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199669592
eISBN:
9780191784316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669592.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This book comprises new work on the philosophical foundations of linguistic semantics by a diverse group of established and emerging experts in the philosophy of language, metaphysics, and the theory ... More


Semantics, Metasemantics, Aboutness

Ori Simchen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198792147
eISBN:
9780191837807
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792147.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A large concern in contemporary philosophy of language after Quine is semantic indeterminacy, the worry that there is no fact of the matter as to the semantic significance of our words. This book ... More


The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Derek Ball and Brian Rabern (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Semantics is the systematic study of linguistic meaning. The past fifty years have seen an explosion of research into the semantics of natural languages. There are now sophisticated theories of ... More


Meaning Diminished: Toward Metaphysically Modest Semantics

Kenneth A. Taylor

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198803447
eISBN:
9780191841620
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803447.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book examines the dialectical role of semantic analysis within metaphysical inquiry. It argues that semantic analysis ought to be modest in its metaphysical pretensions in the sense that ... More


Deontic Modality

Nate Charlow and Matthew Chrisman (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198717928
eISBN:
9780191787393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An extraordinary amount of recent work by philosophers of language, meta-ethicists, and semanticists has focused on the meaning and function of language expressing normative concepts having to do ... More


Metasemantics, Metasemantic Superstructure, and Metasemantic Base

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces the topic of metasemantics, developing a distinction between a metasemantic base and a metasemantic superstructure. Conceptual engineering is concerned with the meanings of ... More


Unrestricted Logical Inferentialism

Jared Warren

in Shadows of Syntax: Revitalizing Logical and Mathematical Conventionalism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190086152
eISBN:
9780190086183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190086152.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter develops and defends an unrestricted inferentialist theory of the meanings of logical constants. Unlike restricted inferentialism, unrestricted inferentialism puts no constraints on ... More


Felicitous Underspecification and Metasemantics

Jeffrey C. King

in Felicitous Underspecification: Contextually Sensitive Expressions Lacking Unique Semantic Values in Context

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780192857057
eISBN:
9780191947858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192857057.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In cases of felicitous underspecification, instead of having a unique semantic value in context, the relevant expression is associated with a range of candidate semantic values in context. I ... More


Revisionary Analysis without Meaning Change (Or, Could Women Be Analytically Oppressed?)

Derek Ball

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops a conception of philosophical analysis which makes sense of the idea that a correct analysis can be revisionary (in that it departs from ordinary or expert belief and linguistic ... More


Conceptual Engineering: The Master Argument

Herman Cappelen

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends the Master Argument for Conceptual Engineering: (1) If W is a word that has a meaning M, then there are many similar meanings, M1,M2,...,Mn, W could have. (2) We ... More


Terminology: Aboutness, Representation, and Metasemantics

Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever

in Making AI Intelligible: Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894724
eISBN:
9780191915604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894724.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This short chapter does two things. First, it shows that in fact workers in AI frequently talk as if AI systems express contents. We present the argument that the complex nature of the actions and ... More


Our Theory: De-Anthropocentrized Externalism

Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever

in Making AI Intelligible: Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894724
eISBN:
9780191915604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894724.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the central claim of the book about AI communication. It argues first that we should understand AI communication in terms of externalism, the thought that the semantic content ... More


Four Concluding Thoughts

Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever

in Making AI Intelligible: Philosophical Foundations

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780192894724
eISBN:
9780191915604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192894724.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The final chapter considers or reconsiders four topics that are important for philosophers coming to terms with AI communication: the fact that AI systems’ goals might change without human ... More


Fregean Sense First

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

in The Rules of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661800
eISBN:
9780191748325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter concerns deductive reasoning. It is of note that subjects are not generally rationally permitted to jointly accept propositions that are logically inconsistent. This fact illustrates the ... More


Functionalism to the Rescue?

Herman Cappelen and Josh Dever

in The Inessential Indexical: On the Philosophical Insignificance of Perspective and the First Person

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686742
eISBN:
9780191766824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686742.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter first distinguishes two versions of the rescue-by-functionalism strategy: Attack (a functionalist metasemantics will provide a positive argument in favour of a revisionary indexical or ... More


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