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Modality, Modal Epistemology, and the Metaphysics of Consciousness

Christopher S. Hill

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Cartesian modal arguments for property dualism presuppose that facts about the essential natures of pain and other qualitative properties can be grasped a priori by merely conceiving of them or ... More


The Two-Dimensional Argument against Materialism

David J. Chalmers

in The Character of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195311105
eISBN:
9780199870851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311105.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is mainly devoted to the conceivability argument against materialism, viewed through the lens of the two-dimensional semantic framework. The key issue is whether conceivability entails ... More


Intuition and Modal Error

George Bealer

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Modal intuitions are not only the primary source of modal knowledge but also the primary source of modal error. An explanation of how modal error arises — and, in particular, how erroneous modal ... More


“Lately Things Don't Seem the Same” The Conceivability Argument

Joseph Levine

in Purple Haze: The Puzzle of Consciousness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195132359
eISBN:
9780199833375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132351.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The “conceivability argument” for dualism is presented and analyzed in depth. It is argued that in order to derive the possibility of zombies – creatures physically like us but without conscious ... More


Free Will in a Deterministic World

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The defense of the regularity theory enables a conception of free will that incorporates counterfactual power. For the nomic impossibility of deciding otherwise does not preclude its metaphysical ... More


Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary a Posteriori

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Saul Kripke’s treatment of the necessary a posteriori and concomitant distinction between epistemic and metaphysical possibility. It extracts the enduring lessons of his ... More


Possibilities for Representation and Credence: Two Space‐ism versus One Space‐ism

Frank Jackson

in Epistemic Modality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199591596
eISBN:
9780191729027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591596.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many sentences represent the kind of world we inhabit, in the sense of providing putative information about it. For each such sentence, there is a set of possibilities, ways things might be, which ... More


Rational Imagination and Modal Epistemology

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

in The Rules of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661800
eISBN:
9780191748325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops a moderate modal rationalism. According to this moderate modal rationalism, knowledge of metaphysical possibility and necessity is available through sensitivity to the rational ... More


Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This book argues for substance dualism (of soul and body) and libertarian free will. It begins with full discussions of the underlying philosophical issues (such as the criteria of identity of events ... More


A Theory of Rational Modality

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa and Benjamin W. Jarvis

in The Rules of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199661800
eISBN:
9780191748325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661800.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops a theory of rational modality—including rational entailment, possibility, necessity, and impossibility—to complement the theory of Fregean sense. Fregean senses are ... More


Possibility

Agustín Rayo

in The Construction of Logical Space

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199662623
eISBN:
9780191755392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662623.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter defends an account of metaphysical possibility which is based on the idea that there is a close connection between metaphysical possibility and the ‘just is’-operator. The discussion ... More


Ontology

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This chapter claims that the whole history of the world is a succession of events, which consist in the instantiation of properties in substances at times. It analyses the criteria for two ... More


Conceivability and Possibility*

Christopher S. Hill

in Meaning, Mind, and Knowledge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199665822
eISBN:
9780191766336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665822.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is often maintained (i) that conceivability is a reliable test for possibility, and also (ii) that conceivability is our primary way of obtaining knowledge of modality. Challenging (i), the ... More


Strategies in the Literature

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Relates the ideal types of strategies presented in earlier chapters to actual proposals in the literature. We begin with the geometric strategy of Harty Field, and claim that our version better ... More


Logic, Language, and Mathematics: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Alexander Miller (ed.)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199278343
eISBN:
9780191881442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199278343.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This Festschrift volume contains a series of specially commissioned papers by leading philosophers on themes from the philosophy of Crispin Wright and a previously unpublished paper by George Boolos, ... More


The Multidisjunctive Conception of Hallucination

Benj Hellie

in Hallucination: Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019200
eISBN:
9780262315050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019200.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter asks: if one wishes to endorse a direct realist view of perception, in which in a case of seeing, seen objects or their particular features are somehow parts of the experience one ... More


Metaphysics as the Science of Essence

E. J. Lowe

in Ontology, Modality, and Mind: Themes from the Metaphysics of E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198796299
eISBN:
9780191866807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796299.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is metaphysics? And how is it to be pursued? Elsewhere, I have defended the view that the central task of metaphysics is to chart the possibilities of being: knowledge of what is actual ... More


Constrict Theories

Nikk Effingham

in Time Travel: Probability and Impossibility

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198842507
eISBN:
9780191878480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842507.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

‘Constrict theories’ are those theories whereby a law of nature resolves the Grandfather Paradox. This chapter introduces two such positions: the Chronology Protection Conjecture (whereby the laws ... More


Categories of Being

Kris McDaniel

in The Fragmentation of Being

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198719656
eISBN:
9780191788741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198719656.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the nature of ontological categories. The author argues that, insofar as the notion of an ontological category is theoretically fruitful, we should take ontological categories ... More


Foreword

Crispin Wright

in Logic, Language, and Mathematics: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199278343
eISBN:
9780191881442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199278343.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter is divided into four parts, corresponding to the partitioning of the essays in the volume. Part I, on neo-Fregeanism in the philosophy of mathematics develops replies to Demopolous, ... More


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