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Trials of Reason: Plato and the Crafting of Philosophy

David Wolfsdorf

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327328
eISBN:
9780199870646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327328.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Scholarship on Plato's dialogues persistently divides its focus between the dramatic or literary and the philosophical or argumentative dimensions of the texts. But this hermeneutic division of labor ... More


Philosophy without Intuitions

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely extensively on intuitions as evidence is almost universally accepted in current meta-philosophical debates and it figures prominently in our ... More


From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis

Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250616
eISBN:
9780191597787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250614.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Conceptual analysis is currently out of favour, especially in North America. This is partly through misunderstanding of its nature. Properly understood, conceptual analysis is not a mysterious ... More


Wittgenstein's Metaphilosophy

Paul Horwich

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588879
eISBN:
9780191744716
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588879.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This book develops an interpretation of Ludwig Wittgenstein's later writings (in particular, his Philosophical Investigations) that differs in substantial respects from what can already be found in ... More


Heidegger and the Measure of Truth

Denis McManus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199694877
eISBN:
9780191745706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694877.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Heidegger's early ‘fundamental ontology’ offers a vision of our subjectivity and of the world we inhabit that can appear to be simply truer to life. It allows us to understand the creature that ... More


Philosophy and the Historical Perspective

Marcel van Ackeren (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780197266298
eISBN:
9780191872891
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266298.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Since the rise of analytical philosophy, the relation of philosophy and its past is more hotly debated among philosophers than ever. Some scholars analyse historical texts without reference to ... More


 Common Sense, the Manifest Image, and Immaterialism

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

With an interpretation of Berkeley's view of spirits in hand, this chapter turns to the task of situating that view of spirits within his overall positive metaphysics and defending the connection it ... More


Philosophical Failure

Peter van Inwagen

in The Problem of Evil: The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St Andrews in 2003

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199245604
eISBN:
9780191715310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245604.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central thesis of these chapters is that the argument from evil is a failure. But what is it for a philosophical argument to fail? This chapter proposes a test: a philosophical argument fails if ... More


Intuitions in Philosophy: Overview and Taxonomy

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely on intuitions as evidence (Centrality) is widely accepted both in philosophical methodology or metaphilosophy and philosophy at large. This ... More


The Renewed Interest in Natural Law Theory

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the renewed interest in natural law theory in general and the natural law canon proposed by Thomas Aquinas in Summa ... More


The Veatch Rejoinder: Ontological Foundationalism

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the concepts central to the moral theory of philosopher Henry Veatch. It reveals that Veatch has adopted a metaphysical realism structurally similar to that of Aristotle and ... More


The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method

Max Deutsch

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028950
eISBN:
9780262327374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a defense of the methods of analytic philosophy against a recent empirical challenge to the soundness of those methods. The challenge is raised by practitioners of “experimental ... More


The Future of Immanence

Daniel Colucciello Barber

in Deleuze and the Naming of God: Post-Secularism and the Future of Immanence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748686360
eISBN:
9780748697144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748686360.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Conclusion returns to the introductory context of Nietzsche’s proclamation that “God is dead,” and it does so specifically in order to revisit the question of the future. It develops three ... More


Metaphilosophical Issues and Further Questions

Denis McManus

in Heidegger and the Measure of Truth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199694877
eISBN:
9780191745706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694877.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Previous chapters provide a sense of why Heidegger claims that assertion ‘has not a primary cognitive function but only a secondary one’; but they also cast doubt on an important construal of ... More


Esoteric Enlightenment in Fichte

Márton Dornbach

in Receptive Spirit: German Idealism and the Dynamics of Cultural Transmission

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823268290
eISBN:
9780823272495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268290.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Endemic to the Enlightenment project is a pedagogical quandary identified by Rousseau, Diderot, and Hamann: How can independent thought be induced by another? This quandary is exacerbated in the ... More


Intuitions

Anthony Robert Booth and Darrell P. Rowbottom (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199609192
eISBN:
9780191758973
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What are intuitions? Should we ever trust them? And if so, when? Do they have an indispensable role in science, e.g. in thought experiments, as well as in philosophy? Or should appeal to intuitions ... More


Philosophy and the Historical Perspective: A New Debate on an Old Topic

Marcel van Ackeren

Marcel van Ackeren and Lee Klein (eds)

in Philosophy and the Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780197266298
eISBN:
9780191872891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266298.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Since the rise of analytical philosophy, the relation of current philosophy and its past is more hotly debated among philosophers than ever. In this Introduction, I first explain the main questions ... More


Can Metaphysics Be Naturalized? And If So, How?

Andrew Melnyk

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An exercise in metaphilosophy, this chapter addresses one aspect of the relationship between science and philosophy. Non-naturalized, analytic metaphysics has not yielded results at all comparable ... More


Philosophy: Wise about Friendship?: In memory of André Schumer

Adriaan T. Peperazak

in Thinking about Thinking: What Kind of Conversation is Philosophy?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823240173
eISBN:
9780823240210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240173.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To broach a discussion about the relationships between philosophy and friendship, this chapter begins by asking: to what extent should friendship play a role in philosophy, and to what extent can ... More


Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Fixing Language is a book about ways in which language (and other representational devices) can be defective and improved. In all parts of philosophy there are philosophers who criticize the concepts ... More


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