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The Status of Natural Properties

Barry Taylor

in Models, Truth, and Realism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286690
eISBN:
9780191604065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286698.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the case for natural properties made by David Lewis. Section 5.1 looks at the role such properties play in Lewis’s system. Section 5.2 sets out his reasons for believing in ... More


English: Meaning and Culture

Anna Wierzbicka

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

English is the most widely-spoken language in the world, and it is rapidly becoming a global lingua franca. But it is not culturally neutral: like any other language, it carries with it a cultural ... More


Sentence meaning and lexical meaning

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

A new definition is given of sign, sentence meaning, and word meaning. The qualia problem is discussed and all lexical words are considered predicates. A way out is shown for the problem of the ... More


Aux-headed Constructions

Gregory D. S. Anderson

in Auxiliary Verb Constructions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280315
eISBN:
9780191707186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280315.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter presents what is dubbed the ‘AUX-headed’ pattern of inflection. This is the one that is statistically the most common and characteristic of the better-known languages of the world (as ... More


The Story of right and wrong and Its Cultural Implications

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

One of the most interesting phenomena in the history of the English language is the remarkable rise of the word right, in its many interrelated senses and uses. This chapter tries to trace the ... More


Translation, Interpretation, Canon Formation *

Lawrence Venuti

in Translation and the Classic: Identity as Change in the History of Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199288076
eISBN:
9780191713439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288076.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter construes the term ‘classic’ as a decision regarding the canonicity of a text based on a particular interpretation. A semiotic approach reveals translation to be a second-order sign ... More


Universals and Variation in the Lexicon of Mental State Concepts

Cliff Goddard

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) is a system of meaning analysis that is a powerful analytical tool for understanding the mental state concepts of different languages. This chapter begins with ... More


Inessential features and expressive power of descriptive metalanguages

Geoffrey K. Pullum and Hans‐Jörg Tiede

in Features: Perspectives on a Key Notion in Linguistics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577743
eISBN:
9780191722844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577743.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Linguists feel intuitively that genuine features, those reflecting properties of natural language, are distinguishable from spurious ones – mere tricks exploiting feature machinery. Unfortunately, no ... More


Neostructuralist Semantics

Dirk Geeraerts

in Theories of Lexical Semantics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198700302
eISBN:
9780191706288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700302.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The fourth chapter describes neostructuralist semantics. Under this heading, we bring together the miscellaneous set of contemporary approaches that extrapolate the major types of structuralist ... More


Stance and Distance: Social Boundaries, Self‐Lamination, and Metalinguistic Anxiety in White Kenyan Narratives about the African Occult

Janet McIntosh

in Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331646
eISBN:
9780199867974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores the complex and sometimes contradictory linguistic and metalinguistic stances of white Kenyan speakers in their conversations about indigenous African religion and spirituality. ... More


A Piece of Cheese, a Grain of Sand:: The Semantics of Mass Nouns and Unitizers

Cliff Goddard

in Kinds, Things, and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195382891
eISBN:
9780199870493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382891.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter follows up earlier work of Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka in which they argued that there are numerous, subtly different, subclasses of mass nouns. These different subclasses ... More


Semantic Answers To Skepticism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a reconstruction of Putnam that is simpler than that considered in Chapter 7. It argues that this new version of the argument is more promising than the earlier version.


Language on Display: Writers, Fiction and Linguistic Culture in Post-Soviet Russia

Ingunn Lunde

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474421560
eISBN:
9781474444842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421560.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This volume spans a number of theoretical fields including language variation, language policy and literary stylistics and provides a coherent way of triangulating these fields by the introduction ... More


Tarski

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

in Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a simplified account of the most basic features of Alfred Tarski's model theory. Tarski foresaw important applications for a notion of truth in mathematics, but also saw that ... More


On the Origin of Truth Values

Tim Maudlin

in Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The formal language developed in ch. 1 is modelled as a directed graph with a boundary, and the problem of assigning truth values to sentences assimilated to a boundary‐value problem. A trivalent ... More


A Language That Can Express Its Own Truth Theory

Tim Maudlin

in Truth and Paradox: Solving the Riddles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247295
eISBN:
9780191601781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The semantic theory developed for a formal language in the previous chapters is now formulated in the language itself. Applying the semantic theory to this formulation, one finds that the theory of ... More


Frege's Conception of Logic

Warren Goldfarb

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Goldfarb depicts salient differences between Frege’s and the contemporary philosophical conceptions of logic. On the contemporary conception, logical properties such as validity and consequence are ... More


Ethnosyntax, Ethnopragmatics, Sign-Functions, and Culture

CLIFF GODDARD

in Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199266500
eISBN:
9780191719363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266500.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter articulates and discusses the concept of ethnosyntax from the standpoint of the natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) theory of Anna Wierzbicka and colleagues. It recognizes two senses of ... More


Towards a Theory of Performative Metalanguage

Ingunn Lunde

in Language on Display: Writers, Fiction and Linguistic Culture in Post-Soviet Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474421560
eISBN:
9781474444842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421560.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The book’s conclusion discusses the findings of Parts three and four and their implications for a general theory of what this book proposes to call performative metalanguage. Arguing that literary ... More


“Join Our Community of Translators”: Language Ideologies and/in Facebook

Aoife Lenihan

in Digital Discourse: Language in the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199795437
eISBN:
9780199919321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795437.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter considers the language ideologies present in—and expressed through—the metalinguistic discourse of Facebook's “translations” application and in the metalinguistic commentary of Facebook ... More


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