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The Nature of Paradox

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defines a paradox, roughly and superficially, as an assembly of apparently reasonable considerations that engender conflicting inclinations about what to believe, and hence a form of ... More


Wittgensteinian Bayesianism

Paul Horwich

in From a Deflationary Point of View

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251261
eISBN:
9780191602252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251266.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay discusses the programme called ‘therapeutic Bayesianism’ from three abstract points of view: substantial, foundational, and meta-philosophical. It illustrates treatments of the ‘raven’ ... More


Proper Method

Penelope Maddy

in Defending the Axioms: On the Philosophical Foundations of Set Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199596188
eISBN:
9780191725395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596188.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter lays out the meta-philosophical perspective from which the subsequent inquiry will take place, namely, that of the Second Philosopher. Beginning in her characteristic way, from within ... More


The Non-Existence of the Real World

Jan Westerhoff

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198847915
eISBN:
9780191882548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book is concerned with the existence of the real world, that is, with the existence of a world of objects that exist independent of human interests, concerns, and cognitive activities. The main ... More


Women and Liberty, 1600-1800: Philosophical Essays

Jacqueline Broad and Karen Detlefsen (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198810261
eISBN:
9780191847301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810261.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book addresses the theme of liberty as it is found in the writing of women philosophers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, or as it is theorized with respect to women and their lives. ... More


Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen

John A. Keller (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198715702
eISBN:
9780191783401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

In The Philosophy of Philosophy, Timothy Williamson wrote that Peter van Inwagen’s work is among the “liveliest, exactest, and most creative…of the final third of the 20th Century.” This collection ... More


What do Philosophers Do?: Skepticism and the Practice of Philosophy

Penelope Maddy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190618698
eISBN:
9780190618728
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618698.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

How do you know the world around you isn’t just an elaborate dream or the creation of an evil neuroscientist? Questions like these lie at the core of venerable philosophical arguments for radical ... More


Revisiting Indian Philosophy through a Cārvāka Perspective

Pradeep P. Gokhale

in Lokāyata/Cārvāka: A Philosophical Inquiry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199460632
eISBN:
9780199085507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460632.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter makes a meta-philosophical claim that Lokāyata, considered as a strong this-worldly rational approach including diverse philosophical trends, can influence one’s approach to Indian ... More


The Nature of Paradox

Paul Horwich

in Meanings and Other Things

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199684939
eISBN:
9780191765230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684939.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defines a paradox, roughly and superficially, as an assembly of apparently reasonable considerations that engender conflicting inclinations about what to believe, and hence a form of ... More


The Non-existence of Foundational Truths

Jan Westerhoff

in The Non-Existence of the Real World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198847915
eISBN:
9780191882548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847915.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses problems that arise from the assumption that there is a final, ultimately true theory of the world and considers a variety of arguments (connected with the coherence theory of ... More


Rationalism Regained 3: Kantian Structuralism and Kantian Intuitionism

Robert Hanna

in Cognition, Content, and the A Priori: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind and Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198716297
eISBN:
9780191785009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716297.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 8 presents solutions to all three versions of The Benacerraf Dilemma—namely, The Original Benacerraf Dilemma, The Extended Benacerraf Dilemma, and The Generalized Benacerraf Dilemma—and ... More


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