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Ideal Code, Real World: A Rule-Consequentialist Theory of Morality

Brad Hooker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256570
eISBN:
9780191597701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256578.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Begins by explaining and arguing for certain criteria for assessing normative moral theories. Then argues that these criteria lead to a rule‐consequentialist moral theory. According to ... More


Where Philosophy Meets Politics: The Concept of the Environment

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240388
eISBN:
9780191599033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240388.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Through the examination of Eco‐feminism and Deep Ecology, it is demonstrated how many in these two schools have misused the concept of ‘environment’ and caused a confusion that has been detrimental ... More


Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Kierkegaard presents a form of divine command theory of moral obligation similar to accounts developed by Robert Adams and Philip Quinn. The account understands the relation humans have with a loving ... More


Contemporary Meta‐Ethical Alternatives: Evolutionary Naturalism

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Evolutionary naturalism is one possible ground for ethics that does not rely on divine commands. Larry Arnhart, in Darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Nature, attempts to wed ... More


Contemporary Meta‐Ethical Alternatives: Humanistic Naturalism

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Naturalistic humanism is another possible alternative to divine command theory. David Gauthier, in Morals by Agreement, rejects any objective theory of value, relying instead on the creation of ... More


Contemporary Meta‐Ethical Alternatives: Relativism and Nihilism

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Gilbert Harman develops a theory of moral relativism in which rightness or wrongness depends on a framework. Differences in moral frameworks reflect differences in situation, power, and status. ... More


Conclusion: The Poetics of Moral Life

John Wall

in Moral Creativity: Paul Ricoeur and the Poetics of Possibility

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195182569
eISBN:
9780199835737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195182561.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

A fundamental meta-ethical understanding of moral creativity can be developed, in the end, by drawing together the common theses emerging from the preceding ontological, teleological, deontological, ... More


The Domain of Reasons

John Skorupski

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is about normativity and reasons. It works out the consequences of a currently much discussed account of normativity, according to which all normative propositions are reducible to ... More


Value, Authenticity, and Fantasy in Bergman

Paisley Livingston

in Cinema, Philosophy, Bergman: On Film as Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570171
eISBN:
9780191721540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570171.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

This chapter discusses a scene in Wild Strawberries where Bergman includes an allusion to Kaila's views about the status of moral judgements. The apparent thrust of this appeal to Kaila's authority ... More


Moral Relativism and Moral Nihilism

James Dreier

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter discusses moral nihilism and moral relativism, with some sympathy, especially to relativism. It considers some arguments for the views, some arguments against them, and some arguments ... More


Introduction:: Metaethics and Normative Ethics

David Copp

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by explaining the distinction between meta-ethics and normative ethics. It then introduces the main issues in the two fields and provides a critical overview of the chapters in ... More


Concluding Comments: Prospects and Pitfalls for Natural Law Theory

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter discusses the prospects and pitfalls of Thomas Aquinas' natural law theory. It highlights the renewed interest in natural law theory in contemporary philosophy of law and ... More


The Renewed Interest in Natural Law Theory

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the renewed interest in natural law theory in general and the natural law canon proposed by Thomas Aquinas in Summa ... More


Natural Law and Contemporary Philosophy

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines natural law and contemporary philosophy in relation to the works of Thomas Aquinas. It discusses natural law jurisprudence and considers natural law meta-ethics. It identifies ... More


Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: A Reconstruction

Anthony J. Lisska

in Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law: An Analytic Reconstruction

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269670
eISBN:
9780191683732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269670.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter proposes a reconstruction of Thomas Aquinas' theory of natural law. It aims to elucidate the texts and the metaphysics underlying Aquinas' moral theory using an approach called ... More


HOW UNIFIED IS STOICISM ANYWAY?

BRAD INWOOD

in Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646043
eISBN:
9780191743368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646043.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sweeping claims about the internal unity of Stoic philosophy are common, but careful analysis of what is meant by those claims is less usual. After raising general questions about the unity of Stoic ... More


Right Reason in Natural Law Moral Theory: Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham

Anthony J. Lisska

in Reason, Religion, and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199767175
eISBN:
9780199979592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199767175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Recent scholarship argues that William of Ockham was not the radical voluntarist that historians of philosophy sometimes claimed. This “revisionist” account depends upon a reading of “recta ratio”. ... More


Pluralism and tragedy

Lauren J. Apfel

in The Advent of Pluralism: Diversity and Conflict in the Age of Sophocles

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600625
eISBN:
9780191724985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600625.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter investigates the relationship between pluralism and tragedy in three different ways. First, it discusses how pluralist conflict is inherently tragic. When values which are incompatible ... More


Atheism and Theistic Belief

Christian Miller

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter shows that despite its popularity, eliminativism is not the only option for the atheist to adopt. It draws on recent work in sociology, psychology, economics, and other related fields to ... More


Methodological Lessons from Philosophical Ethics

Mark Fedyk

in The Social Turn in Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035569
eISBN:
9780262337151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035569.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

On the basis of the arguments in the proceeding chapters, this chapter derives three principles that should govern research in experimental moral psychology, if this research is to be both ... More


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