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Euphoria, Depression, & Madness

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The neurotransmitter norepinephrine influences your level of arousal while dopamine controls the experience of reward and pleasure. Amphetamine induces the release of norepinephrine and dopamine from ... More


Psychoactive Agents and the Self

ROY J MATHEW

in The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195173413
eISBN:
9780199865758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173413.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter examines alterations of the self that are due to an array of psychoactive drugs. It discusses the effects of mescaline, cocaine, and ecstasy on the self, and then relates the scientific ... More


Alternative Consciousness

Russell Crandall

in Drugs and Thugs: The History and Future of America's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300240344
eISBN:
9780300255874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300240344.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter stresses how illicit drugs were difficult to obtain in America and were often heavily diluted by the early 1940s. It illustrates the conditions that limited the supply of drugs in the ... More


A Master/Slave Narrative: Drug Addiction and Psychoactives

Mark A. Griep and Marjorie L. Mikasen

in ReAction!: Chemistry in the Movies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195326925
eISBN:
9780197562536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195326925.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

All addictive chemicals are psychoactive, but not all psychoactive compounds are addictive although they can be abused. Notable non-addictive psychoactive compounds ... More


Bioorganic Reactions

Gary W. Morrow

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199860531
eISBN:
9780197563229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199860531.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

It is not essential to have a background in enzymology or biochemistry to gain at least an introductory-level understanding of many biosynthetic processes, so this ... More


1887: Dr. John Briggs Eats Some Peyote

Alexander S. Dawson

in Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In this chapter, we consider the moment when European and American scientists “discovered” peyote. John Briggs was one of the first Americans to write about peyote (in 1887), followed shortly by ... More


1957: The Holy Thursday Experiment

Alexander S. Dawson

in Peyote Effect: From the Inquisition to the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520285422
eISBN:
9780520960909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285422.003.0008
Subject:
History, Latin American History

After several decades in which scientists produced a slow trickle of scholarship on the potential uses of peyote/mescaline for mental health afflictions, in the 1950s this genre of psychiatric ... More


The Antipodes of the Mind

Christopher Partridge

in High Culture: Drugs, Mysticism, and the Pursuit of Transcendence in the Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190459116
eISBN:
9780190459147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190459116.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In 1956, in a letter to Aldous Huxley, the British psychiatrist Humphry Osmond coined the term “psychedelic.” This chapter provides an analysis of the events that led up to Huxley’s psychedelic ... More


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