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Motive and Consequences

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith's explanation of moral judgement upon action, as right or wrong, speaks of the sympathy of spectators with the motive of the agent. He does not include thought about the consequences of the ... More


Fasting, Saubhāgya, and Jain Satī Narratives

M. Whitney Kelting

in Heroic Wives Rituals, Stories and the Virtues of Jain Wifehood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389647
eISBN:
9780199866434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389647.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter addresses the ways that Jain women, like Hindu women, locate their well‐being in their status as auspicious wives with living husbands (saubhagya) and the rituals they perform to protect ... More


Responsibility and Atonement

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

When we do good or harm to each other, we acquire merit or guilt; deserve praise or blame, reward or punishment, and may need to make atonement. Others may need to forgive us, or show mercy to us. ... More


The Incarnation of the Word

Christopher M. Cullen

in Bonaventure

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195149258
eISBN:
9780199785131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149258.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Bonaventure holds that God does all things with power, wisdom, and goodness; such as in the case of the restoration. If Incarnation is examined as a work of God in the light of power, wisdom, and ... More


Moral Animals: Ideals and Constraints in Moral Theory

Catherine Wilson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267675
eISBN:
9780191601859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267677.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Animals offers a set of anthropological and conceptual foundations for moral theory before turning to the problem of overdemandingness or exigency as it afflicts contemporary ... More


Joining the Government: ‘Because I Dared to Be Black’

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

King analyses the difficulties facing Black Americans attempting to join the civil service and the inadequacy of the US Civil Service Commission's monitoring of both recruitment and promotion. He ... More


Why Work?

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 7 considers recent theoretical attempts to tie the claiming to social benefits to a willingness to work—attempts that come not from the right of the political spectrum but from the egalitarian ... More


Policy Dilemmas

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Under the Community method, policy is largely the by-product of actions undertaken to advance the integration process or to preserve institutional balance, rather than to solve concrete problems ... More


“A Small Tincture of Pyrrhonism”: Skepticism and Naturalism in Hume's Science of Man

Don Garrett

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay distinguishes varieties of skepticism along six dimensions. It argues that Hume is unmitigated in his rational support skepticism and in his prescriptive skepticism about certain “high and ... More


Introduction

Andy Rotman

in Thus I Have Seen: Visualizing Faith in Early Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366150
eISBN:
9780199867882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366150.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter introduces the Divyāvadāna, an early and important collection of Indian Buddhist narratives, and the ways that Buddhism is configured within the text as a visual practice. The chapter ... More


Getting and Giving

Andy Rotman

in Thus I Have Seen: Visualizing Faith in Early Indian Buddhism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366150
eISBN:
9780199867882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366150.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Chapter 2 explores the contrast between śraddhā and bhakti. While bhakti is portrayed in the Divyāvadāna as a false confidence in divine forces, śraddhā is represented as a mental state that arises ... More


The Cardinal Virtues

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The cardinal virtues for Smith are prudence, justice, beneficence, and self‐command. Prudence is given a lower status than the other three. Self‐command is highlighted and shows the influence on ... More


The Merited Response Argument

Berys Gaut

in Art, Emotion and Ethics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263219
eISBN:
9780191718854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263219.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter develops and defends the merited response argument for ethicism. Less satisfactory versions of the argument due to Hume and Noöl Carroll are criticized. The favoured version of the ... More


 Pauline Grace: Human Will and Divine Choice

Phillip Cary

in Inner Grace: Augustine in the Traditions of Plato and Paul

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195336481
eISBN:
9780199868438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336481.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Augustine's doctrine of grace is modified by his reading of the apostle Paul in the 390s, when he realizes it can be difficult to will the good we want to will. The psychological order of salvation ... More


Baptism: Sacrament of Justification

J. Warren Smith

in Christian Grace and Pagan Virtue: The Theological Foundation of Ambrose’s Ethics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369939
eISBN:
9780199893362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369939.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Having established Ambrose’s theological account of the human condition in Part I, the book turns in Chapter 4 to the work of baptism as the source of the healing of human nature’s corruption in sin. ... More


The Life and Times of a Pilgrim City

James G. Lochtefeld

in God's Gateway: Identity and Meaning in a Hindu Pilgrimage Place

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195386141
eISBN:
9780199866380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386141.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Chapter 4 examines economic patterns, particularly how religious goods and services are integral to Hardwar’s highly seasonal economy. The busy season is April–October, when it serves as the gateway ... More


Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace

Nigel Voak

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260393
eISBN:
9780191602146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260397.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

For many years, Richard Hooker (1554–1600) has traditionally been seen as the first systematic defender of Anglicanism, setting out in Elizabeth I’s reign the English Church’s position as a via media ... More


Mahāyāna Ethics before Śāntideva

Charles Goodman

in Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195375190
eISBN:
9780199871377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375190.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter discusses the ethical views presented in texts from the Indian Mahayana Buddhist tradition, focusing on the Chapter on Ethics of Asanga. Mahāyāna texts advocate the Bodhisattva path of ... More


The Angels

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Rather surprisingly, Calvin's consideration of angels provides a window into his attitude to divine and human righteousness, divine power, human merit, and the Fall. It reveals his indebtedness to ... More


Gifting and Grace: Patterns of Lay‐Mendicant Interaction

John E. Cort

in Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195132342
eISBN:
9780199834112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132343.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The world‐renouncing monks and nuns – the mendicants of the Jain tradition – are the living examples of the path to liberation. This chapter details their daily practice, which revolves around ... More


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