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Plural Predication

Thomas McKay

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199278145
eISBN:
9780191707971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278145.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Plural predication is a pervasive part of ordinary language. We can say that some people are fifty in number, are surrounding a building, come from many countries, and are classmates. These ... More


The Rational Disciplines: Logic and Mathematics 1

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Logical and mathematical truths differ from the empirical sciences in being necessary; they can be discovered a priori and in general can be proved (contra Quine). How is this possible? This problem ... More


Numbers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An account is given of the Forrest‐Armstrong theory of number (Peter Forrest). Natural numbers are argued to be relations holding between a certain property and a certain mereological whole (black ... More


Classes

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

David Lewis' major contribution to the ontology of classes is to perceive that many‐membered classes are mereological sums of the singletons (unit‐classes of their members: {a, b, c, d, . . .} is ... More


The Metaphysics of the Incarnation

Anna Marmodoro and Jonathan Hill (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583164
eISBN:
9780191725647
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The growth of both philosophy of mind and cognitive science has developed our understanding of the human mind in ways that just a few decades ago were unthinkable. As ideas from philosophy of mind ... More


Concluding Remarks

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book has shown that mereology was dominated by a single theory: classical extensional mereology (CEM), present in two logical guises — the Calculus of Individuals and Mereology — each in a ... More


Mathematics without Numbers: Towards a Modal-Structural Interpretation

Geoffrey Hellman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240341
eISBN:
9780191597664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240341.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Develops a structuralist understanding of mathematics, as an alternative to set‐ or type‐theoretic foundations, that respects classical mathematical truth while minimizing Platonist commitments to ... More


Philosophical Papers Volume I

David Lewis

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains 15 papers by the influential American philosopher, David Lewis. All previously published (between 1966 and 80), these papers are divided into three groups: ontology, the philosophy ... More


Introduction

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book provides a connected account of the various kinds of mereology, or formal theory of part, whole, and related concepts, which exist in the literature. It also exposes the philosophical ... More


Four-Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time

Theodore Sider

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244430
eISBN:
9780191598425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924443X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to ‘four‐dimensionalism’, temporally extended things are composed of temporal parts. Most four‐dimensionalists identify ordinary continuants—the persisting objects ordinary language ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Karen Bennett and Dean W. Zimmerman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is dedicated to the timely publication of new work in metaphysics, broadly construed. These volumes provide a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. They ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: volume 6

Karen Bennett and Dean W. Zimmerman (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603039
eISBN:
9780191725418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603039.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is dedicated to the timely publication of new work in metaphysics, broadly construed. These volumes provide a forum for the best new work in this ... More


The Structure of Objects

Kathrin Koslicki

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

The main purpose of this book is to give an analysis of ordinary material objects, those material objects to which we take ourselves to be committed in ordinary, scientifically informed discourse. ... More


The Standard Conception of Composition

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to an exposition of the main concepts and principles of standard mereology, the system originally developed by Stanislaw Leśniewski and introduced into the English-speaking ... More


A Different Kind of Whole

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter returns to the question, postponed in Chapter 2: why, from a three-dimensionalist perspective, the properties of ordinary material objects are not already adequately accounted for by ... More


Objects as Structured Wholes

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter demonstrates that a structure-based neo-Aristotelian mereology for ordinary material objects can be defended utilizing a single relation of parthood with relatively straightforward ... More


. Concepts and Principles of Extensional Mereology

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Although Stanislaw Leśniewski's Mereology was the first extensional part—whole theory to be rigorously developed, it is expressed in the formal language of the general logic Leśniewski called ... More


Bolzano’s Universe: Metaphysics, Logic, and Truth

Arianna Betti

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter has two aims. The first aim is to present an overview of Bolzano's universe from the point of view of his metaphysics and its relationship to logic, relying fundamentally on Bolzano's ... More


Contact and Boundaries

Hud Hudson

in The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with an attempt to analyze the relation of being in perfect contact. Five proposals are evaluated and the final proposal endorsed. Along the way, puzzles invoking zeno-series and ... More


Extended Simples and Diachoric Identity

Hud Hudson

in The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A substantivalist dualist who believes in spacetime and material objects is committed to a relation of occupation or location. This chapter explores different candidate descriptions of this relation ... More


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