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The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany

Matthew S. Seligmann

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199574032
eISBN:
9780191741432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This book examines the way in which the prospect of a wartime German assault on British seaborne commerce influenced the development of British naval policy in the run up to the First World War. It ... More


The Merchant Navy

Patricia Lim

in Forgotten Souls: A Social History of the Hong Kong Cemetery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099906
eISBN:
9789882207714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099906.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter discusses the merchant navy officers, owners, and their families who are buried in the Hong Kong Cemetery. The officers of the merchant navy vessels were considered to be the life blood ... More


The wider context of the seaport riots

in Black 1919: Riots, Racism and Resistance in Imperial Britain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846312007
eISBN:
9781846315138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846312007.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the inter-locking causes of the seaport riots. These included the high level of post-war unemployment in the merchant navy and the tension caused in overcrowded ports by the ... More


The Other Critical Convoy Battles of 1943: The Eclipse of the Schnellboote in the English Channel and the North Sea

G. H. Bennett

in Decision in the Atlantic: The Allies and the Longest Campaign of the Second World War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781949668001
eISBN:
9781949668018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9781949668001.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

Since 1945, the U-boat campaign has dominated the attention of scholars of the Battle of the Atlantic, and in the popular imagination 1943 remains the year in which the U-boat campaign turned ... More


Finnish Sailors, 1750-1870

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0004
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter presents the environment of the Finnish shipping market in the years 1750 to 1870. It details the demand of maritime labour as a result of expansion in the eighteenth and nineteenth ... More


Sources for the Maritime History of Greece (Fifteenth to Seventeenth Century)

Gerassimos D. Pagratis

in New Directions in Mediterranean Maritime History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780973007381
eISBN:
9781786944665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007381.003.0008
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter assesses the relatively unexplored sources concerning Greek commercial shipping prior to the mid-eighteenth century, in attempt to bridge the gap in information and data concerning Greek ... More


Five Years Before the Mast: Observations on the Conditions of Maritime Labour in Finland and Elsewhere

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0006
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter attempts to define the characteristics of a transitioning maritime labour system. It discusses the living conditions and working environment for ordinary sailors in Finland and abroad, ... More


James Hanley and the Shape of the Wartime Features Department

Ian Whittington

in Writing the Radio War: Literature, Politics and the BBC, 1939-1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474413596
eISBN:
9781474444897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413596.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Under the direction of Laurence Gilliam, the BBC Features Department produced some of the most innovative radio works of the war. The department brought together producers (including D.G. Bridson, ... More


Owners and Masters: Management and Managerial Skills in the Finnish Ocean-Going Merchant Fleet, c. 1840-1880

Lars U. Scholl and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0008
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter assesses the role of shipmasters and ship-owners in the Age of Sail and describes the division of responsibilities between the two. It discusses the overall management system of ... More


Dutch Shipping and the Swedish Navigation Act (1724): A Case Study

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0014
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter provides a study on The Swedish Navigation Act, and offers an explanation on why Sweden wanted to limit the number of foreign ships’ exports and imports. The chapter later details the ... More


From Low-Cost to High-Cost Shipping: Finnish Maritime Labour Costs after the Second World War

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0009
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter tracks Finland’s rise from a low-cost to high-cost shipping country from the 1930s to 1980s. It emphasises the rapid transition and development of Finland’s economy by providing ... More


From Days and Knots to Pounds and Dollars: Some Problems in the Study of the Economics of Late Nineteenth Century Merchant Shipping

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0017
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter advances ideas about macro and micro-studies on the economics of Finnish shipping. It emphasises the difficulties in attaining and measuring accurate data within incomplete accounts, and ... More


The Maritime Labour Market: Skill and Experience as Factors of Demand and Supply

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0007
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter discusses the recruitment and training process involved in a sailing career and provides details of wage categories and qualification requirements. It considers the presence of shipboard ... More


British Timber Imports and Finnish Shipping 1860-1910

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0011
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter foregrounds the international competition in shipping during the latter half of the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth century. It notes the impact that the ... More


Baltic Timber-Trade under Sail: An Example of the Persistence of Old Techniques

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0012
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter explores the survival of traditional shipping despite the emergence of revolutionary changes in the shipping world during the late nineteenth century. It examines the reasons for the ... More


Finnish and International Maritime Labour in the Age of Sail: Was There a Market?

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0005
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter notes the difficulties in comprehending the historical development of labour markets in purely neo-classical terms and questions the enrolment and wage procedures of the Finnish maritime ... More


Coal and Canvas: Aspects of the Competition between Steam and Sail, c. 1870-1914

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0013
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter describes Finland’s transition from sail to steam and assesses and compares the competition between the two modes of transport. It largely focuses on the cost accrued for each trade, and ... More


Seamen Ashore: Port Visits of Late Nineteenth-Century Finnish Sailors

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0015
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter provides a study on the visits made by Finnish sailors at port towns in the late nineteenth century. It collects and analyses data on the typical turnaround times of Finnish deep-sea ... More


Wreck-Plundering by East Finnish Coastal People - Criminal Tradition or Popular Culture?

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0016
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter provides a study on wreck-plundering carried out by East Finnish coastal people. It offers several historical examples of wreck-plundering, spanning from 1745 to 1808 and includes the ... More


The Modernization of Finnish Coastal Shipping and Railway Competition c. 1830-1913

Yrjö Kaukiainen

in Sail and Steam: Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780973007374
eISBN:
9781786944672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780973007374.003.0010
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter describes the modernization of Finnish coastal shipping and assesses its effect on Finnish railways. The chapter acknowledges the growing competition between coastal lines and railways ... More


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