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Guilds and Elites in the Face of Domestic and Foreign Challenges

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

The Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce represented the collective responses of social elites, especially guild leaders and other elite merchants, to domestic and foreign challenges. This chapter ... More


Elite and Official Interactive Movements toward Chambers of Commerce

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter details the events leading to the emergence of chambers of commerce in the Lower Yangzi region. Increasing foreign economic aggression in the late nineteenth century prompted reformist ... More


Changes in Organizational Composition and Interrelations

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses how the chamber networks enabled elite merchants to expand their social relations beyond the limits of their kinship and regional groups as well as their local society. These ... More


Political Maneuvers in Commercial and Industrial Affairs

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses how the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce revolutionized relationships in the business world. They not only institutionalized, diversified, and expanded the social relations ... More


Joint Actions in the Constitutional and Revolutionary Movements

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter analyzes the political activism of the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce. In alliance with other constitutional organizations, these chambers repeatedly pressed the Qing government for ... More


Conclusion

in Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774093
eISBN:
9780804777872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774093.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This concluding chapter focuses on the legacy of the Lower Yangzi chambers of commerce. The network revolution led by these chambers of commerce and other new associations in late Qing and early ... More


Introduction

William J. Connell

in Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232549
eISBN:
9780520928220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232549.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The contributors to this book were asked to address ways in which Renaissance Florentines expressed or shaped their identity in interaction with their society. Chapters 1 through 6 address the ... More


Society and Individual in Renaissance Florence

William Connell (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520232549
eISBN:
9780520928220
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232549.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Renaissance Florence has often been described as the birthplace of modern individualism, as reflected in the individual genius of its great artists, scholars, and statesmen. The historical research ... More


Introduction: William Pen’s Piratical Society

Mark G. Hanna

in Pirate Nests and the Rise of the British Empire, 1570-1740

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469617947
eISBN:
9781469617961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617947.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book examines sea marauding in the Spanish Indies, the southern Pacific, and the Indian Ocean during piracy's Golden Age, that is, before the turn of the eighteenth century. It argues that ... More


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