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Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Michael Bergmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Virtually all philosophers agree that for a belief to be epistemically justified, it must satisfy certain conditions. Perhaps it must be supported by evidence, or perhaps it must be reliably formed, ... More


Mentalism

Michael Bergmann

in Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues against both mentalism and the mentalist account of internalism. Mentalism is the view that a belief’s justification supervenes on the believer’s mental states: holding fixed ... More


A Modish Name

Richard Scholar

in The Je-Ne-Sais-Quoi in Early Modern Europe: Encounters with a Certain Something

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199274406
eISBN:
9780191706448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274406.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter traces the word history of the je-ne-sais-quoi by examining its precursors and cognates in Latin and Romance languages, the various non-substantival French phrases to which it is closely ... More


Neurophysiological Explanations

Phillip H. Wiebe

in Visions of Jesus: Direct Encounters from the New Testament to Today

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126693
eISBN:
9780199853366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126693.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers explanations coming from neurophysiology. These are among the most important, culturally speaking, given the widespread suspicion among philosophers and neural scientists about ... More


Universals

Bimal Krishna Matilal

in Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239765
eISBN:
9780191680014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239765.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discussion about the problem of universals usually starts with Plato's theory of forms along with Aristotle's critique of forms and his own doctrine of universals. ln the Indian context the ... More


Philosophical Issues

Ariel Glucklich

in The End of Magic

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108798
eISBN:
9780199853434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108798.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Do we consider certain phenomena magical because we think of the body and the mind as distinct and separate? It seems possible that the extraordinary power attributed to so-called magical healing ... More


The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Declan Smithies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is the role of consciousness in our mental lives? This book argues that consciousness plays an essential role in explaining how we can acquire knowledge and epistemically justified belief about ... More


Coleridge and Thomas Beddoes

NEIL VICKERS

in Coleridge and the Doctors: 1795-1806

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271177
eISBN:
9780191709647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271177.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter considers the impact of Dr Thomas Beddoes (1760–1808) on Coleridge's thinking about medical subjects. It deals especially with the two medical ‘grand narratives’ to which Beddoes devoted ... More


Conclusion

NEIL VICKERS

in Coleridge and the Doctors: 1795-1806

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271177
eISBN:
9780191709647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271177.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This concluding chapter argues that Coleridge was an attentive student of the speculative, neuropathological medical theories of his time. But he applied them sensitively and carefully. The recent ... More


Conclusion

Jonathan L. Kvanvig

in Rationality and Reflection: How to Think About What to Think

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198716419
eISBN:
9780191785054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716419.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This conclusion summarizes the results achieved throughout the book. These include a defense of Perspectivalism, and a related defense of Optionalism. The resulting view is then compared with the ... More


Comparative Cognition: A Natural Science Approach to the Study of Animal Intelligence

Edward A. Wasserman and Thomas R. Zentall

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Natural science has succeeded in supplanting superstition and religion as explanations for countless worldly events—from eclipses and the tides to ... More


Conclusions: the San Marino discussion

MORTON A. HELLER

in Touch, Representation, and Blindness

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503873
eISBN:
9780191686559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503873.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The author of the book supports the idea that there is no one theory that explains the field of touch entirely: cited theories and studies prove to be helpful in explaining different aspects and ... More


Chomsky's Saussure

Roy Harris

in Saussure and his Interpreters

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748613083
eISBN:
9780748652334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748613083.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyses Noam Chomsky's view and interpretation of Ferdinand de Saussure's ideas about linguistics, explaining that there seems to be no indication that Chomsky had ever read or paid any ... More


Accentuate the Negative

Joshua Alexander, Ronald Mallon, and Jonathan M. Weinberg

in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199927418
eISBN:
9780190267698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927418.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There are two ways of understanding experimental philosophy's process of appealing to intuitions as evidence for or against philosophical claims: the positive and negative programs. This chapter ... More


Culture and the evolution of interconnected minds

Andrew Whiten

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Culture and the evolution of interconnected minds represent phenomena that set questions about our understanding of other minds in their broad biological context. Understanding other minds forms but ... More


Mentalism

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 develops a theory of epistemic justification designed to capture the epistemic role of phenomenal consciousness: namely, phenomenal mentalism. Section 6.1 defines epistemic justification ... More


Accessibilism

Declan Smithies

in The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199917662
eISBN:
9780199345588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199917662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 7 answers the explanatory challenge by combining phenomenal mentalism with accessibilism to yield phenomenal accessibilism. Section 7.1 defines accessibilism as the thesis that epistemic ... More


Searching for True Dogmatism

Peter J. Markie

in Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199899494
eISBN:
9780199367719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899494.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

Is there a true form of Dogmatism consistent with Mentalism and Foundationalism? Michael Huemer has developed an unqualified form of Dogmatism that is consistent with Mentalism and Foundationalism, ... More


Implications

Bryan R. Weaver and Kevin Scharp

in Semantics for Reasons

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198832621
eISBN:
9780191871184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832621.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 5 lays out some of the implications of QUD Reasons Contextualism for five issues in the philosophy of normativity: the ontology of reasons, indexical facts, the reasons to be rational debate, ... More


Mentalism, Idealism, and Immaterialism

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at some nonmaterialist or idealist approaches to the theory of mind, focusing on the views of Rene Descartes and George Berkeley. It discusses the existence of certain sorts of ... More


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