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Does The Future Exist?

Endel Tulving and Karl K. Szpunar

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0075
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Future exerts a powerful influence over human action. This is yet another instance of the curious circumstance that something that does not exist in physical reality has an effect on something that ... More


Mental Time Travel and the Shaping of the Human Mind

Thomas Suddendorf, Donna Rose Addis, and Michael C. Corballis

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0121
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews neuroscientific evidence for the continuity of mental time travel into the past and future, and considers what, if anything, might be uniquely human about mental time travel. It ... More


Language and Episodic Sharing

Michael C. Corballis

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Tulving drew a distinction between two forms of declarative memory, semantic and episodic. The notion of episodic memory as conscious, reexperienced memory for specific episodes has been extended to ... More


Goal-Directed Behavior and Future Planning in Animals

Anthony Dickinson

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter draws a distinction between two forms of prospective behavior, goal-directed behavior and future planning, in terms of the motivational relevance of the goal or outcome of the behavior. ... More


The Experience of Time

Jordi Fernández

in Memory: A Self-Referential Account

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190073008
eISBN:
9780190073039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190073008.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 offers an account of two feelings in memory. One of them is the awareness of what it was like for one to experience, in the past, what one is remembering in the present. An attempt to ... More


Contextualizing the Development of Recollection: Episodic Memory and Binding in Young Children

Nora S. Newcombe, Marianne E. Lloyd, and Frances Balcomb

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the development of one fundamental feature of episodic recollection, namely, the capacity to bind different features of an event into an integrated representation. It ... More


Semantic Memory as the Essential Scaffold for Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Muireann Irish

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Semantic memory is typically conceptualized as an individual’s repository of acquired knowledge of the world around him or her. It is becoming clear, however, that the undifferentiated and flexible ... More


Free Will Is Costly: Action Control, Making Choices, Mental Time Travel, and Impression Management Use Precious Volitional Resources

Kathleen D. Vohs

in Free Will and Consciousness: How Might They Work?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195389760
eISBN:
9780199863341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389760.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter conceptualizes free will as executive functioning. Free will is for goal-directed and therefore future-oriented behaviors, which are governed by a limited stock of energy. Planning, ... More


Time Is Not of the Essence: Understanding the Neural Correlates of Mental Time Travel

Felipe De Brigard and Bryce S. Gessell

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Recent research in neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience has shown that episodic memory and future thinking engage a common core brain network. Some have interpreted these results as showing ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Prospective Cognition

James M. Thom and Nicola S. Clayton

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The evolutionary history of prospective mental time travel is difficult to discern, the behavior of human ancestors being inferable only from limited material remnants. Comparative research with ... More


Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein, and Karl K. Szpunar (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book contains twenty chapters on theoretical issues in research on future-oriented mental time travel. Themes covered include varieties of future-oriented cognition; relationships between ... More


Making Decisions about the Future: Regret and the Cognitive Function of Episodic Memory

Christoph Hoerl and Teresa McCormack

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the recent literature on episodic memory, there has been increasing recognition of the need to provide an account of its adaptive function. In this context, it is sometimes argued that episodic ... More


The Past, the Present, and the Future of Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel: Editors’ Introduction

Kourken Michaelian, Stanley B. Klein, and Karl K. Szpunar

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter reviews research on future-oriented mental time travel to date, provides an overview of the chapters of the book, and enumerates some possible research directions suggested ... More


The Role of Subjective Temporality in Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Stanley B. Klein and Chloe Steindam

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the tendency to view future-oriented mental time travel (FMTT) as a unitary faculty that, despite task-driven surface variation, ultimately reduces to a common phenomenological ... More


Narrative Attention

Jonardon Ganeri

in Attention, Not Self

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198757405
eISBN:
9780191817304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198757405.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that attention is that in virtue of which one does not merely live in the present, but is also aware of the past and is situated in a social world with others. So a basic kind of ... More


The Default Mode Network

Philip Gerrans

in The Measure of Madness: Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Delusional Thought

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027557
eISBN:
9780262320979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027557.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the default mode network (DMN) and its role in delusion. It considers the nature of default processing, its neural substrate, cognitive properties, and role in the cognitive ... More


Against Discontinuism: Mental Time Travel and Our Knowledge of Past and Future Events

Kourken Michaelian

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Continuists maintain that, aside from their distinct temporal orientations, episodic memory and future-oriented mental time travel (FMTT) are qualitatively continuous. Discontinuists deny this, ... More


The Future of Memory, Mental Time Travel, and Mind Wandering

Michael C. Corballis

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the hierarchy of memory systems, episodic memory is the most flexible, allowing individuals not only to mentally reconstruct past events but also imagine new ones. These new scenarios allow ... More


Shaping One’s Future Self: The Development of Deliberate Practice

Thomas Suddendorf, Melissa Brinums, and Kana Imuta

in Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190241537
eISBN:
9780190241551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241537.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Deliberate practice, here defined as the ability to self-initiate mental or physical repetition with the goal of future skill improvement, is an important, but long overlooked, adaptive advantage of ... More


Two Routes to Empathy:: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience

Alvin I. Goldman

in Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199539956
eISBN:
9780191730931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This article proposes a distinction between two kinds of empathy, or routes to empathy: mirroring empathy and reconstructive empathy. The focus is on a minimal sense of empathy, i.e., interpersonal ... More


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