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Physicalism and the determination of action

FRANK JACKSON

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There is no single version of physicalism. There is no single argument for physicalism. There is, accordingly, no standard answer concerning the implications of physicalism for the causation of human ... More


Some Conceptual Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter introduces the distinction between a pure mental state, which is an idealized (prototype) location in the state space that is never perfectly visited, and a probabilistic mental state, ... More


The Visible Invisible

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the diverse attempts to render “mind” thinkable by means of images. Advances in clinical medicine from the nineteenth century onward went hand in hand with the penetration of ... More


Is Knowing a State of Mind? The Case Against

Elizabeth Fricker

in Williamson on Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199287512
eISBN:
9780191713620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287512.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Knowledge and its Limits (KAIL) chapters 1 and 2, Timothy Williamson argues for what he rightly advertises as a surprising thesis: that knowing is a mental state (KMS). This chapter aims to show, ... More


Minds and Mental Integration

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a survey of the sorts of states and capacities to be found in typical human minds, focusing on the differing extents to which these have phenomenal aspects or manifestations. ... More


Personhood in a Neurobiological Age

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the neurobiological self. It argues that the emerging neuroscientific understandings of selfhood are unlikely to efface modern human beings' understanding of themselves as ... More


Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Berit Brogaard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

What are the things that we assert, believe, and desire? The orthodox view among philosophers is eternalism: these are contents that have their truth-values eternally. Transient Truths provides the ... More


Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective

Peter Carruthers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277360
eISBN:
9780191602597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277362.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a collection of essays about consciousness and related issues. It focuses mostly on developing, defending, and exploring the implications of one particular sort of reductive explanation ... More


Problems of Rationality

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Applies Davidson's Unified Theory of thought, meaning, and action to three families of problems involving various aspects of rationality, some degree of which Davidson's theory of radical ... More


Disentangling self and consciousness

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter shows that mindmelding is metaphysically possible, i.e., that it does not violate any laws governing the metaphysical nature of reality. Metaphysical issues are fundamental and lie at ... More


Intentional Awareness

Ryan Nichols

in Thomas Reid's Theory of Perception

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199276912
eISBN:
9780191707759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276912.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the nature of conceptual awareness. Reid characterizes the type of conceptual awareness of interest to his theory of perception as a special subspecies of conception, what he ... More


Speaking My Mind: Grammar, Epistemology, and (Some) Ontology

Dorit Bar-On

in Speaking My Mind: Expression and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276288
eISBN:
9780191602894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276285.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The final chapter explains how the Neo-Expressivist account developed meets the theoretical desiderata outlined in the introduction. It then offers reflections on possible implications of the account ... More


A State of Mind

Timothy Williamson

in Knowledge and its Limits

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256563
eISBN:
9780191598678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925656X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter proposes the view that knowing is a mental state. It is a factive mental state, in the sense that only truths are known; by contrast, believing is a non‐factive mental state, because both ... More


Representation and consciousness

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Humans are a species. We are guided by representations in everything we consciously do. Thinking, remembering, imagining, and decision-making involve not just the random play of thoughts and images ... More


How conversational input shapes theory of mind development in infancy and early childhood

Virginia Slaughter and Candida C. Peterson

in Access to Language and Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592722
eISBN:
9780191731488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592722.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

Human social cognition is largely driven by the theory of mind (ToM), that is, our ability to think about others in terms of the mental states (feeling, wanting, knowing, etc.) that underlie their ... More


How to read minds

Tim Bayne

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Most animals have mental states of one sort or another, but few species share our capacity for self-awareness. We are aware of our own mental states via introspection, and we are aware of the mental ... More


‘Translucence’

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Are there some mental phenomena for which insight is necessarily inexistent? The Freudian ‘Id’, and Schopenhauerian ‘Will’, have been joined in latter days by certain cerebral phenomena, all of which ... More


Musical Expressiveness as Hearability‐as‐Expression

Jerrold Levinson

in Contemplating Art: Essays in Aesthetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199206179
eISBN:
9780191709982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206179.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This essay defends the analysis that music is expressive of an emotion or other mental state insofar as it induces one to hear it as the personal or personlike expression of that mental state. ... More


Beliefs and Motivating Reasons

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the relation between beliefs and motivating reasons. In it, an unusual interpretation of the claim that motivating reasons are beliefs is defended. On this interpretation, ... More


Escaping the argument by analogy

Daniel J. Povinelli and Steve Giambrone

in Folk Physics for Apes: The Chimpanzee's theory of how the world works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198572190
eISBN:
9780191584978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198572190.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter exposes the logical weakness in assuming that the similarity in the natural behavior of humans and chimpanzees implies a comparable degree of similarity in the mental states which attend ... More


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