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Conceptualizing Simulation Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter clarifies the notion of simulation and explores the relationship between simulating and theorizing. Generic simulation is the resemblance or imitation of one thing by another, so mental ... More


“Putting Blinkers on a Blind Man”: Providing Cognitive Support for Creative Processes with Environmental Cues

Bo T. Christensen and Christian D. Schunn

in Tools for Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381634
eISBN:
9780199870264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381634.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Random cues may be both beneficial and harmful to creativity. Theories of analogical transfer and association assume that cues are helpful in generating new ideas. However, theories of ... More


Engaging the World

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Because it unfolds through time, conceptualization (and hence linguistic meaning) is inherently dynamic. There are numerous natural paths that it tends to follow, and which tend to coalign in ... More


Envisioning the Future and Self-Regulation

Shelley E. Taylor

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews research on mental simulations. Mental simulations can help people manage potential problems and reach goals that might otherwise be more difficult. Such activities as health ... More


Recreative Minds

Gregory Currie and Ian Ravenscroft

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238089
eISBN:
9780191679568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238089.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Aesthetics

This book develops a philosophical theory of imagination that draws upon recent theories and results in psychology. Ideas about how we read the minds of others have put the concept of imagination ... More


Mental Simulation and the Nexus of Causal and Counterfactual Explanation

David R. Mandel

in Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590698
eISBN:
9780191731242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590698.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the role of mental simulation in causal and counterfactual explanations of outcomes of past cases. Following the Introduction, Part 2 outlines the author’s reasons for his ... More


 Visual Mental Imagery: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Research

S. M. Kosslyn

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how visual mental imagery has progressed from a time of introspective analysis alone to the examination of the brain circuitry that underlies it. This sets ... More


Causal thinking

David Lagnado

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

How do people acquire and use causal knowledge? This chapter argues that causal learning and reasoning are intertwined, and recruit similar representations and inferential procedures. In contrast to ... More


Suppositions, Conditionals, and Causal Claims

Aidan Feeney and Simon J. Handley

in Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590698
eISBN:
9780191731242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590698.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Causal conditional statements such as ‘if I work hard then I will get a first class degree’ are comprised of an effect described in the consequent clause of the conditional (getting a first class ... More


Functionalism Redux:: How Adaptive Action Constrains Perception, Simulation, and Evolved Intuitions

Ezequiel Morsella, Merrit A. Hoover,, and John A. Bargh

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers body perception from a functionalist perspective in which mental phenomena (representations and subjective states) guide an organism’s behavior. From this perspective, body ... More


Psychological and Neurological Sources of Uniquely Human Forms of Prosocial Conduct

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, it is argued that because uniquely-human forms of prosocial conduct stem from mechanisms in the human brain, understanding how the brain evolved supplies a basis for understanding ... More


Folk Psychology: Simulation or Tacit Theory?

Stephen Stich and Shaun Nichols

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Robert Gordon and Alvin Goldman, along with other philosophers, have challenged the received view about the cognitive mechanisms underlying our ability to describe, predict, and explain people's ... More


Experiential traces and mental simulations in language comprehension

Rolf A Zwaan

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a framework for an embodied, experiential view of language comprehension. It explains that the claim is not that the elements of this framework are entirely new. The ... More


Teleology: Belief as perspective

Johannes Roessler and Josef Perner

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In this chapter we compare and contrast three conceptions of commonsense-psychological explanations of intentional actions: theory theory, simulation theory, and teleology. We elaborate, and make a ... More


The Logic of Imagination

Francesco Berto and Mark Jago

in Impossible Worlds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198812791
eISBN:
9780191850585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812791.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Imagination seems to have a logic, albeit one which is hyperintensional and sensitive to context. This chapter offers a semantics of imagination, with operators expressing ‘imaginative acts’ of ... More


The social–subjective memory system of hominins

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

As the granular prefrontal cortex expanded during hominin evolution, new and higher levels of hierarchy emerged. According to our proposal, these new hierarchical levels supported species-specific ... More


Freedom, Resistance, Agency

Manuel Dries

in Nietzsche on Mind and Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722236
eISBN:
9780191789083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722236.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that freedom and agential activity remain among Nietzsche’s central concerns. It is shown that the much-discussed interest in power originates in a first-person phenomenology of ... More


Fiction in the Brain

Gonzalo Munévar

in Questions of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199357703
eISBN:
9780199357734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357703.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the question of the influence of fiction on the brain and on character. It cites a slew of studies whose results suggest that fiction, in particular literary fiction, which ... More


Nietzsche on Mind and Nature

Manuel Dries and P. J. E. Kail (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722236
eISBN:
9780191789083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722236.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book discusses important aspects of Nietzsche’s philosophy in connection with its two major themes: mind and nature. Among the various aspects addressed in the book are the following. What is ... More


Introduction

Manuel Dries and P. J. E. Kail

in Nietzsche on Mind and Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722236
eISBN:
9780191789083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722236.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides summaries of the this book and introduces the major themes and debates addressed in the volume. Discussed are Nietzsche’s metaphysics; his philosophy of mind in light of ... More


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