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Mental Causation

Stephen Yablo

in Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the traditional paradigm of one-way necessitation — the relation of determinate to determinable. It then considers the question: What if mental phenomena are ... More


Consciousness and the World

Brian O'Shaughnessy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a theory of consciousness, one of the most fascinating but puzzling aspects of human existence. It investigates what consciousness is and how it engages, through perception, with ... More


Observing the Mind

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The shift from scientific materialism to radical empiricism entails a shift from a matter-centered concept of reality to a holistic view of mental and physical phenomena as dependently related ... More


Truly Understood

Christopher Peacocke

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199239443
eISBN:
9780191717000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239443.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that truth and reference have a much deeper role in the explanation of meaning and understanding than has hitherto been appreciated. Examination of specific concepts shows that a ... More


Exploring the Mind

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Scientific materialists commonly regard introspection as being inadequate to the task of providing reliable data that can generate anything approximating scientific consensus. They argue that ... More


Mental Reality

Galen Strawson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that much contemporary philosophy of mind gives undue primacy of place to publicly observable phenomena, nonmental phenomena, and behavioral phenomena (understood as publicly ... More


Confusing Scientific Materialism with Science

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

After four centuries of advances in scientific knowledge, more than a century of psychological research, and roughly a half century of progress in the neurosciences, even most advocates of scientism ... More


‘Mental’

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter challenges the notion that we have a reasonably robust and widely shared understanding of the word “mental” that is well anchored in agreement about paradigm cases, and instead raises ... More


Mentalism, Idealism, and Immaterialism

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at some nonmaterialist or idealist approaches to the theory of mind, focusing on the views of Rene Descartes and George Berkeley. It discusses the existence of certain sorts of ... More


An Empirical Alternative

B. Alan Wallace

in The Taboo of Subjectivity: Towards a New Science of Consciousness

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195173109
eISBN:
9780199849833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173109.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Scientific materialism is riddled with assumptions stemming from the absolute dualisms of Rene Descartes's mechanical philosophy: the dualism between sensory appearances and physical reality, between ... More


Three Questions

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses three questions related to the nature and philosophy of mindends—the nonmentality question, the public-observability question, and the behavior question—the first of which ... More


Mental and Psychical Sciences: Challenging Current Beliefs

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Although Newcomb was confident of the conceptual foundations of modern science, he did question the reliability of some of the superstructures built on them, and thus attempted to discredit the ... More


Agnostic Materialism, Part 1

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Dualists and monists have been engaged in a debate over the “mind–body” problem. Monists argue that there is, in spite of all the variety in the world, some fundamental sense in which only one basic ... More


Introduction

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book explores the philosophy of mind in the context of naturalism and investigates how mental phenomena are related to nonmental phenomena, publicly observable phenomena, and behavioral ... More


Reduction and the neurobiological basis of consciousness

Patricia Smith Churchland

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter asks whether we can understand in neurobiological terms what it is for an organism to be conscious. Here, the starting point is with mental phenomena as understood in folk psychology. ... More


The neurology of the weird: brain states and anomalous experience

Barry L. Beyerstein

in Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating fact from fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198568773
eISBN:
9780191693779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568773.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The doctrine of concordance is so ingrained in folk psychology that apparent violations are apt to evoke the feeling that something supernatural has happened. This chapter aims to show that, within ... More


Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind

Jonathan Ellis and Daniel Guevara (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199737666
eISBN:
9780199933372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737666.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The status of Wittgenstein’s work in contemporary philosophy of mind is peculiar. While few philosophers of mind would deny that Wittgenstein had at least some helpful things to say concerning ... More


Pain and ‘Pain’

Galen Strawson

in Mental Reality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513104
eISBN:
9780262259224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513104.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The question “What is pain?” appears to be the same as the question “What does the word pain mean?” When one asks the question about the word rather than the thing, however, philosophical ... More


Understanding consciousness: the case of sleep and dreams

OWEN FLANAGAN

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In discussing the case of sleep and dreams, the main goal of the author is to prove that though neuroscientific accounts change the way people understand mental phenomena, they should not be ... More


The Work of Intention: Mental Life in the Abhidhamma

Maria Heim

in The Forerunner of All Things: Buddhaghosa on Mind, Intention, and Agency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199331031
eISBN:
9780199369386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331031.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The chapter begins with a consideration of how to read and interpret Abhidhamma lists and commentaries, and the relationship of Abhidhamma methods to those of the Suttanta. It then explores ... More


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