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John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


The Primacy of Mental Language

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The third chapter discusses how Buridan’s conception of mental language provides the grounding for the objectivity and universality of logic despite the radical conventionality of written and spoken ... More


Leibniz (and Ockham) on the Language of Thought, or How the True Metaphysics Is Derived from the True Logic

Henrik Lagerlund

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In the study on Leibniz's language of thought, the author argues that Leibniz can be interpreted as belonging to the mental language tradition developed in the Middle Ages by William Ockham. By ... More


Mental Language in Aquinas?

Joshua P. Hochschild

in Intentionality, Cognition, and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823262748
eISBN:
9780823266586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262748.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Joshua Hochschild takes up the issue of mental language—discussed by Read mostly in connection with later, nominalist authors—in connection with the thought of perhaps the most influential medieval ... More


The Alienation Effect in the Historiography of Philosophy

Dominik Perler

Marcel van Ackeren and Lee Klein (eds)

in Philosophy and the Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780197266298
eISBN:
9780191872891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266298.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It has often been said that we should enter into a dialogue with thinkers of the past because they discussed the same problems we still have today and presented sophisticated solutions to them. I ... More


Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham

Claude Panaccio

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272600
eISBN:
9780823272648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272600.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The notion that human thought is structured like a language, with a precise syntax and semantics, has been pivotal in recent philosophy of mind. Yet it is not a new idea: it was systematically ... More


Ockham’s Scientia Argument for Mental Language

Eric W. Hagedorn

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 3

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198743798
eISBN:
9780191821011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743798.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

William Ockham held that, in addition to written and spoken language, there exists a mental language, a structured representational system common to all thinking beings. This chapter presents and ... More


Concepts and Meaning in Medieval Philosophy

Stephen Read

in Intentionality, Cognition, and Mental Representation in Medieval Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823262748
eISBN:
9780823266586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262748.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Stephen Read surveys the relationships between the psychology and logic of mental representations comparing some medieval doctrines with the recently very influential approach of Jerry Fodor. Fodor ... More


Conclusion

Claude Panaccio

in Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272600
eISBN:
9780823272648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272600.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Conclusion briefly summarizes the book and provides a list of thirty-six different appellations for mental language in Ancient and medieval philosophy (e.g. logos endiathetos, verbum in corde, ... More


Augustine:: Word Learning by Understanding the Movements of Life

Chad Engelland

in Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter sketches the problem of acquiring a conventional language as understood by Augustine and then presents the role of bodily movement in establishing joint attention and enabling word ... More


Introduction

Claude Panaccio

in Mental Language: From Plato to William of Ockham

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823272600
eISBN:
9780823272648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823272600.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The general idea of mental language is introduced. The resemblance between Jerry Fodor and William of Ockham’s ideas is stressed. The goal and the methodology of the research that led to this book is ... More


Mental Language and the Nature of Conceptual Content

Richard Cross

in Duns Scotus’s Theory of Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199684885
eISBN:
9780191765162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684885.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to Augustine, mental content is fundamentally linguistic in character—the so-called ’mental word’. Scotus argues, against four alternative views, that the mental word should be classified a ... More


Walter Burley on Co-Signification in Opaque Contexts

Nathaniel Bulthuis

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198865728
eISBN:
9780191898044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865728.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Foreshadowing in many ways theories of direct reference popular today, Walter Burley (died c. 1345) favors a theory of direct signification, according to which names directly signify things in the ... More


Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 3

Robert Pasnau (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198743798
eISBN:
9780191821011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743798.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This series annually collects the best current work in the field of medieval philosophy. Each book features original chapters that contribute to an understanding of a wide range of themes and ... More


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