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Medicine and the Psychological

Mathew Thomson

in Psychological Subjects: Identity, Culture, and Health in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287802
eISBN:
9780191713378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287802.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter surveys the limited success of psychiatry in reaching beyond asylums through the development of psychological clinics and the promotion of ‘mental hygiene’ in the interwar years. It ... More


Mental Hygiene and Political Control, 1928-1937

Emily Baum

in The Invention of Madness: State, Society, and the Insane in Modern China

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226580616
eISBN:
9780226580753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226580753.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

In the 1930s, the concept of "mental hygiene" penetrated Chinese intellectual discourse. Concerned with the treatment and prevention of psychological and psychiatric disorders, mental hygienists ... More


A History of Powerlessness

Donald M. Linhorst

in Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195171877
eISBN:
9780199865338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes the history of powerlessness of people with mental illness. This helps to put into context current limitations to empowerment and provides direction for creating opportunities ... More


Mental Hygiene and the Regime of Sexuality: The Case of The Man Who Escapes Marriage

Hans Tao-ming Huang

in Queer Politics and Sexual Modernity in Taiwan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083077
eISBN:
9789882209817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083077.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter accounts for the scientific construction of male homosexuality from the 1950s through the 1970s in Taiwan. In delineating a normative culture of sex established by the nascent ‘psy’ ... More


Unruly Ignorance and Pragmatic Eclecticism

Owen Whooley

in On the Heels of Ignorance: Psychiatry and the Politics of Not Knowing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226616247
eISBN:
9780226616414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616414.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the first of what would become many reinventions of American psychiatry – the psychobiological period between 1890 and 1940. In particular, the chapter focuses on the reform ... More


Spaces of Experimentation, Sites of Contestation: Doctors, Patients, and Treatments

in Colonial Madness: Psychiatry in French North Africa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226429724
eISBN:
9780226429779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226429779.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the everyday realities of life and practice in colonial hospitals. It analyzes the mechanisms of confinement that brought European and Muslim patients into psychiatric care and ... More


Mental Hygiene and the Limits of Reform: Saint Elizabeths in the Community, 1903–1937

Martin Summers

in Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190852641
eISBN:
9780190060138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190852641.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines key innovations that began to project Saint Elizabeths’ psychiatric authority into the community—specifically, the outpatient clinic, psychiatric social work, and child guidance ... More


Under the Strain of Color: Harlem's Lafargue Clinic and the Promise of an Antiracist Psychiatry

Gabriel N. Mendes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453502
eISBN:
9781501701399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453502.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book recaptures the history of a largely forgotten New York City institution that embodied new ways of thinking about mental health, race, and the substance of citizenship. Harlem’s Lafargue ... More


Getting and Spending: The Wear and Tear of Modern Life

Dana Becker

in One Nation Under Stress: The Trouble with Stress as an Idea

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199742912
eISBN:
9780190258436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199742912.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter examines a particularly American attachment to ideas about how people can cope with the fast pace of life that progress brings with it. It considers two themes that have dominated the ... More


Race

Gabriel Mendes

in Rethinking Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226249933
eISBN:
9780226250274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226250274.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the history of race within American psychotherapy, through the prism of a largely-forgotten institution dedicated to psychiatric treatment founded on antiracist principles. ... More


Preventing the Inevitable: John Appel and the Problem of Psychiatric Casualties in the US Army during World War II

Rebecca Jo Plant

in Science and Emotions after 1945: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226126340
eISBN:
9780226126517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226126517.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter draws on Barbara Rosenswein's concept of “emotional communities,” to analyze competing views on neuropsychiatric casualties during World War II, focusing on psychiatrist John W. Appel, ... More


The Therapeutic Camp: Trends in Camps for Children with Social–Emotional Challenges

Meryl Nadel

in Not Just Play: Summer Camp and the Profession of Social Work

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190496548
eISBN:
9780190496579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190496548.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Communities and Organizations

“The Therapeutic Camp: Trends in Camps for Children with Social–Emotional Challenges” traces the history of mental health interventions and research in the summer camp setting. With the growing ... More


The White Primitive: Whiteness Studies, Embodiment, Invisibility, Property

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

in Waste of a White Skin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

“The White Primitive: Whiteness Studies, Embodiment, Invisibility, Property” considers whiteness as misery, especially in the thriving legacy of scientific racism well into the 1960s. The chapter ... More


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