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Mental Hospitals and the Carceral State

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how in the 1940s, mental hospitals comprised land, buildings, and workforces used by the states to feed and house hundreds of thousands of people. Conscientious objectors who ... More


Unlocking the Doors

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces how the number of people in mental health institutions began to decline in the 1950s. It examines Pennsylvania as a case study and finds that riots and scandals at mental ... More


From work and occupation to occupational therapy: The policies of professionalisation in English mental hospitals from 1919 to 1959

John Hall

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter outlines the pattern of growth of new forms of work and occupation for patients in English mental hospitals and how those activities were conceptualised as occupation therapy between ... More


Flying the Cuckoo’s Nest

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter charts the multiple factors that spurred the deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1960s. In 1963, Congress passed the Community Mental Health Act, which funded the creation ... More


Introduction

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The introduction reviews the relevant histories of prisons, mental health policy, and the social welfare state. It highlights how recent scholarship has not connected the history of mental hospitals ... More


Cruel Choices

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how the 1980s hastened the shrinking of state mental health services and the rise of more punitive practices. President Ronald Reagan supported the continued downsizing of ... More


Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness through New Therapeutic Approaches

Vicky Long

in Destigmatising mental illness?: Professional politics and public education in Britain, 1870-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719085819
eISBN:
9781781706404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085819.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Tracing innovations in mental healthcare policy and practice in Britain from the late nineteenth century through to the 1970s, this chapter reflects upon the intimate relationship between ... More


The Diffusion of Psychoanalysis under Conditions of Political Authoritarianism: The Case of Argentina, 1960s and 1970s 1

Mariano Ben Plotkin

in Psychoanalysis and Politics: Histories of Psychoanalysis under Conditions of Restricted Political Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199744664
eISBN:
9780199932863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744664.003.0027
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Mariano Ben Plotkin examines the development of a psychoanalytic culture in Argentina under authoritarian regimes of the 1960s and 1970s. He makes the case that the strong impact of psychoanalysis in ... More


Custodialism Reborn

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the end of the 1960s, anti-institutionalism had extended beyond mental health and bled into prison reform. This chapter tracks the rise and fall of efforts to find alternatives to prisons. In the ... More


Work and activity in mental hospitals in modern Japan, c. 1868–2000

Akira Hashimoto

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the history of work and occupational therapy in modern Japan, focusing on the changing context of work and activity in mental hospitals and the professionalisation of ... More


It Takes a Community to Raise a Profession

Owen Whooley

in On the Heels of Ignorance: Psychiatry and the Politics of Not Knowing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226616247
eISBN:
9780226616414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616414.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter discusses the failed attempt to reinvent psychiatry along the lines of community psychiatry during the 1960s and 1970s. In response to problems in the mental hospital system, advocates of ... More


From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Anne E. Parsons

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

To many, insane asylums are a relic of a bygone era. State governments took steps between 1950 and 1990 to minimize the involuntary confinement of people in mental hospitals, and many mental health ... More


Epilogue

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The epilogue reflects on the contemporary crisis of mass incarceration in the United States, which has particularly affected people with mental health conditions and substance abuse disorders. It ... More


Suffering from Contingencies

Michael E. Staub

in Madness Is Civilization: When the Diagnosis Was Social, 1948–1980

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226771472
eISBN:
9780226771496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226771496.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In his 1961 book Asylums, Erving Goffman focuses on nameless, faceless inmates confined in a mental hospital that has morally and therapeutically failed them, suffering from circumstances over which ... More


Making It Crazy: An Ethnography of Psychiatric Clients in an American Community

Sue Estroff

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520054516
eISBN:
9780520907751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520054516.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book explores the psychological, social, and economic facts of life for a group of discharged mental hospital patients living in Madison, Wisconsin. It both explicitly and inferentially raises ... More


Institutional Persons and Personal Institutions: The Asylum and Marginality in Rural Ireland

A. Jamie Saris

in Postcolonial Disorders

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252233
eISBN:
9780520941021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252233.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter presents a detailed ethnography of a classic postcolonial institution, a state mental hospital built as a colonial asylum by the British in rural Ireland. It describes the daily life of ... More


Navigating the Maze

Leonard A. Jason

in Principles of Social Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841851
eISBN:
9780199315901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841851.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In Chapter 3, I provide an overview of the complex network of health care systems, and why working with community-based coalitions is critical. This is our next principle for social change: the ... More


The Lives of Kenya's White Insane

Will Jackson

in Madness and marginality: The lives of Kenya's White insane

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719088896
eISBN:
9781781705827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088896.003.0003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter introduces the case files pertaining to Kenya Colony's ‘white insane’ on which the book is based. It approaches the methodological challenges of utilising patient case files as ... More


The Right to Liberty

Brice Dickson

in Human Rights and the United Kingdom Supreme Court

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697458
eISBN:
9780191752247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697458.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter critiques the case law of the UK’s top court on the right to liberty. It considers in turn the relevant decisions on police powers to stop and search, police powers to control a crowd, ... More


The Face of Madness

Elaine G. Breslaw

in Lotions, Potions, Pills, and Magic: Health Care in Early America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787175
eISBN:
9780814739389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787175.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the cures used to deal with madness in the early Republic. For centuries it was assumed that nothing could be done to help those who were deranged. Although explanations for ... More


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