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Arguments from Consciousness and Morality

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Humans are conscious beings; they have mental events — sensations, thoughts, and intentions, which consist in properties possessed by souls. Science might one day produce a list of correlations ... More


The Evolution of the Soul

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Part 1 (Chs. 2–7) argues that mental events (consisting in the instantiation of mental properties – sensations, thoughts, purposes, desires, and beliefs) are distinct from physical events (such as ... More


Causing Actions

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

When a person acts for a reason, mental events have causal effects. This makes it tempting, given various metaphysical considerations, to identify each (human) mental event with some biochemical ... More


Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Ted Honderich

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book considers the exact nature of the relation between mental and neural events, how both sorts of events come about, and their relation to actions. The answers that the book provides ... More


Mental Events

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter embarks on the main topic of this book, considering mental events and consciousness. It explains how mental events differ from physical events. It then briefly outlines some of the views ... More


Personal Dualism

Paul M. Pietroski

in Causing Actions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

We can and should preserve certain Cartesian intuitions—e.g. that people are distinct from their bodies, and that at least many of our mental events are distinct from any biochemical events—while ... More


Neuroscience and Quantum Theory

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Among the living cells of the human body, and of the central and the peripheral nervous systems, it is neurons or nerve cells which are most immediately bound up with consciousness — with the ... More


Property and Event Dualism

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Mental properties and so their instantiations in substances, mental events, are ones to which one substance has a privileged access; physical properties and so physical events are ones to which ... More


Sensations and Brain‐Events

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

If we are to give a full history of the world, we need to count two properties as distinct, if possession of one does not entail possession of the other. Hence, mental properties are distinct from ... More


Habit: From Overt Action to Mental Events

Bas Verplanken

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In this chapter, the author makes the case both for the ubiquity of habitual behaviors and for their non-conscious nature. The author discusses a meta-analysis suggesting that past behavior is the ... More


The Experience

Brian O'Shaughnessy

in Consciousness and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256723
eISBN:
9780191598135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256721.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The experience is the most direct manifestation of the state of waking consciousness. This emerges in that being awake entails having experience, and it is experiences that constitute the stream of ... More


Sensations

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Mental events consist in the instantiation of mental properties. Part 1 of this book (Chs. 2–7) analyses the different kinds of mental event that occur in humans and animals. This chapter analyses ... More


Transcending the Code

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Conscious mental events, the events of the mind, can be considered as being to some extent encoded in physical events of the brain. However, the arguments of the previous four chapters suggest that ... More


Mentalistic and Psychological Explanations

Phillip H. Wiebe

in Visions of Jesus: Direct Encounters from the New Testament to Today

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126693
eISBN:
9780199853366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126693.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers various explanations that propose mental states or processes as the causes of visionary experiences. It discusses the disembodied soul theory, the “persona” theory, the Jungian ... More


Against Hume

Gregg Rosenberg

in A Place for Consciousness: Probing the Deep Structure of the Natural World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195168143
eISBN:
9780199850075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168143.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

After a thorough discussion on consciousness on the previous pages, the author shifts to discussing causation in this chapter. In Hume's view, the evolution of the universe is objectively ... More


Arguments from Consciousness and Morality

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239635
eISBN:
9780191598609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239637.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Humans are conscious beings – they have mental events – sensations, thoughts, and intentions. Science might one day produce a list of correlations between mental and brain events, but it is immensely ... More


The Metaphysics of Conscious Subjects

Christopher Peacocke

in The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199699568
eISBN:
9780191760730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699568.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Subjects and conscious mental events are ontologically interdependent. What is right in Hume’s point that he could not find himself is that nothing is given in perception or sensation in a purely ... More


The Argument from Colors and Flavors: The Argument from Consciousness

Richard Swinburne

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A physical event is one to which no one person has privileged access (by experiencing it), and a mental event is one to which its subject has privileged access. Mental events include conscious ... More


Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?

Susan Pockett, William P. Banks, and Shaun Gallagher (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262162371
eISBN:
9780262281690
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262162371.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Our intuition tells us that we, our conscious selves, cause our own voluntary acts. Yet scientists have long questioned this; Thomas Huxley, for example, in 1874 compared mental events to a steam ... More


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