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Introduction

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter discusses the coverage of this book, which is about the development and implementation of policies to address the problem of ... More


The Geography of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter attempts to map put the ‘geography of mental deficiency’ in Great Britain during the 1930s. It analyses three interrelated elements: the ... More


Mental Deficiency and the Welfare State

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the formation of the Welfare state in Great Britain from the perspective of mental deficiency policy. It analyses the extent to ... More


The Parliamentary Politics of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses issues relevant to the parliamentary politics of mental deficiency in Great Britain. The British legislature passed the Mental ... More


The Micro-Politics of Mental Deficiency

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses issues relevant to the micropolitics of the mental deficiency problem in Great Britain during the 1930s. It examines the extent ... More


The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Mathew Thomson

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is the first detailed assessment of the development and implementation of social policy to deal with the problem of the ‘mentally deficient’ in Britain ... More


The Community Care Solution

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how the shortcomings in the administrative and institutional provisions of the 1913 Mental Deficiency Act in Great Britain were ... More


Conclusion

Mathew Thomson

in The Problem of Mental Deficiency: Eugenics, Democracy, and Social Policy in Britain, c.1870-1959

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206927
eISBN:
9780191677380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206927.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study about the development and implementation of policies to address the mental deficiency ... More


Liberalism, Partial Excuses and Short-comers

Jeremy Horder

in Excusing Crime

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225781
eISBN:
9780191715174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225781.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter sets out the theoretical structure of partial excuses, and explains what the implications of finding someone partially excused are to be. It gives an account of, and defends, an ... More


Challenging the Stigma of Mental Illness through New Therapeutic Approaches

Vicky Long

in Destigmatising mental illness?: Professional politics and public education in Britain, 1870-1970

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719085819
eISBN:
9781781706404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085819.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Tracing innovations in mental healthcare policy and practice in Britain from the late nineteenth century through to the 1970s, this chapter reflects upon the intimate relationship between ... More


Mental Deficiency, Breakdown, and Insanity

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the condition of the insane adult. It explores the scope of the condition that persons are rational beings. It looks at the sort of moral and practical stance appropriate to ... More


The problem of the feebleminded: the Royal Commission, eugenics and eternal chaos

in Idiocy: A Cultural History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310959
eISBN:
9781846315367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315367.014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter sets Joseph Conrad's novel The Secret Agent (1907) against the 1908 report from the Commission on the Feeble-Minded to explore the symbolic work of idiocy in this discourse. The ... More


Popularizing the Work at Ellis Island

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the performance tests developed by Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues and administered to mentally deficient emigrants at Ellis Island in New York, and how they brought ... More


The Ellis Island Tests

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the series of performance tests developed by Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues and administered to mentally deficient emigrants at Ellis Island in New York. Knox and ... More


Practical Issues in Intelligence Testing

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the various practical issues in intelligence testing that Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues encountered while they were administering performance tests to mentally deficient ... More


Reassessing staffing requirements and creating new roles for nurses during a period of rapid change at the Royal Western Counties Institution, 1927–48

Pamela Dale

in Mental health nursing: The working lives of paid carers, 1800s-1900s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096938
eISBN:
9781781708637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096938.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how the RWCI reassessed its staffing requirements and created new roles for nurses during a period of contested change following the implementation of the 1913 Mental Deficiency ... More


Learning disability nursing: surviving change, c.1970–90

Duncan Mitchell

in Mental health nursing: The working lives of paid carers, 1800s-1900s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096938
eISBN:
9781781708637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096938.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the challenge to learning disability nursing in the period 1970-90. Learning disability nursing has its roots in the institutions that were built for the care and control of ... More


At Ellis Island

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on Howard Andrew Knox’s first year at Ellis Island in New York and how the physicians there dealt with the increasing concern about mentally deficient emigrants. By 1910, there ... More


Developing Performance Scales

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on subsequent attempts to develop performance scales, many of which incorporated tests originally developed by Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues to estimate mental deficiency ... More


Intellectual disability policy and practice in twentieth-century United Kingdom

Simon Jarrett and Jan Walmsley

in Intellectual Disability in the Twentieth Century: Transnational Perspectives on People, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447344575
eISBN:
9781447344629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344575.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

In the first half of the twentieth century UK policy, dominated by the passing of the Mental Deficiency Act in 1913, was not driven solely by eugenic discourse but by a commonly held assumption ... More


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