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Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory of evolution may be successful in explaining natural history, but it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and rationality, as embodied in ... More


The Cultural Evolution of Storytelling and Fairy Tales: Human Communication and Memetics

Jack Zipes

in The Irresistible Fairy Tale: The Cultural and Social History of a Genre

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153384
eISBN:
9781400841820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153384.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter expands on the author's most recent books, Why Fairy Tales Stick and Relentless Progress, and includes new research by scholars interested in interdisciplinary approaches to cultural ... More


Cultural Evolution: Adaptive Diversification in Language and Religion

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines adaptive diversification in language and religion. The historic record contains many examples of the types of diversification occurring in these models. Diversification in ... More


The World Made Meme: Public Conversations and Participatory Media

Ryan M. Milner

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034999
eISBN:
9780262335911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034999.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This book presents an analysis of internet memes, the linguistic, image, audio, and video texts created, circulated, and transformed by countless cultural participants across vast networks and ... More


The Trouble with Memes: Inference versus Imitation in Cultural Creation

SCOTT ATRAN

in In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178036
eISBN:
9780199850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178036.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Memes are hypothetical cultural units, an idea or practice, passed on by imitation. Although nonbiological, they undergo Darwinian selection like genes. Cultures and religions are supposedly ... More


The Future of Closed Captioning

Sean Zdenek

in Reading Sounds: Closed-Captioned Media and Popular Culture

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226312644
eISBN:
9780226312811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226312811.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter looks to the future of closed captioning by discussing three areas in terms of universal design: video search, search engine optimization, and findability; pedagogy, interactive ... More


Culture and psychological mechanisms

Henry Plotkin

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues against memetics as a science that decreases culture to biology. In particular, it briefly refutes the charge of reductionism, and then attempts to save memetics from the second ... More


Genocide: From Pathological Altruism to Pathological Obedience

Augustine Brannigan

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0155
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Genocide is approached with the assistance of two concepts: pathological altruism and pathological obedience. The first is marked by the utilization of genocide as an elite policy employed for ... More


The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett

Bryce Huebner (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199367511
eISBN:
9780199367535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199367511.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Daniel C. Dennett began publishing innovative philosophical research in the late 1960s, and he has continued doing so for the past 45 years. He has addressed questions about the nature of mind and ... More


The Citizen Marketer

Joel Penney

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190658052
eISBN:
9780190658090
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658052.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

From hashtag activism to the flood of political memes on social media, the landscape of political communication is being transformed by the grassroots circulation of opinion on digital platforms and ... More


Choosing the Selectors

Mary Midgley

in The Evolution of Cultural Entities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197262627
eISBN:
9780191771989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262627.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores the concept of cultural evolution by looking at a variety of perspectives that explain historical change, with emphasis on their advantages and limitations. It begins by ... More


Introduction

Robert Aunger

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The question that the reader should keep in mind is: Whither memetics? This book aims to see where a reasonable consensus might fall on this spectrum of opinion regarding the utility of the meme ... More


The memes’ eye view

Susan Blackmore

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Memetics offers novel solutions to old problems, among them the origins and evolution of the human brain, with its specialised language and unique intelligence. Thus, this chapter justifies that ... More


Memes through (social) minds

Rosaria Conte

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes a social cognitive perspective on memetics. It clarifies what a social mind is. In addition, it addresses social cognitive models and computational and simulation-based evidence. ... More


The evolution of the meme

Kevin N. Laland and John Odling-Smee

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the evolution of culture, and sketches how ‘memes’ help elucidate that story. It begins with a summary of evolutionary perspective, highlighting the capacity of organisms to ... More


Memes: Universal acid or a better mousetrap?

Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that memeticists have been far too fascinated with one of Darwin's conceptual advances: the identification of natural selection as the mechanism for cumulative adaptation. It also ... More


If memes are the answer, what is the question?

Adam Kuper

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter illustrates that the target memetics is attempting to inform – culture – is itself incoherent. It also states that culture used to be linked with the aristocratic notion of ‘civilized ... More


A well-disposed social anthropologist’s problems with memes

Maurice Bloch

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter tries to show what some of the failures in co-operation between natural and social scientists are, in order to illustrate why memes, as they are presented, will not do. However, it aims ... More


Trajectories to Complexity in Artificial Societies: Rationality, Belief, and Emotions

Jim E. Doran

in Dynamics in Human and Primate Societies: Agent-Based Modeling of Social and Spatial Processes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131673
eISBN:
9780197561492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131673.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

This chapter illustrates and discusses the use of agent-based artificial societies to explore possible trajectories into social complexity through the integration of ... More


Activating the Fifth Estate: Bill C-30 and the Digitally Mediated Public Watchdog

Jonathan A. Obar and Leslie Regan Shade

in Strategies for Media Reform: International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823271641
eISBN:
9780823271696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823271641.003.0003
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

Operating outside the framework of traditional systems of governance and civic engagement, the digitally-mediated, networked society referred to as the “Fifth Estate” presents the general public with ... More


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