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Picturing Barthes: The Photographic Construction of Authorship

Kathrin Yacavone

in Interdisciplinary Barthes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197266670
eISBN:
9780191905391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266670.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Despite his infamous thesis of the ‘death of the author’ in the 1960s, in the last decade of his life, Roland Barthes developed a conception of authorship that brings together textual and ... More


Memes, Minds, and Imagination

SUSAN BLACKMORE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter determines the existence of human imagination and creativity through the concept of human culture and meme. It aims to rebut the two assumptions governing creative imagination in humans. ... More


Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Robert Aunger (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The publication in 1998 of Susan Blackmore's bestselling The Meme Machine re-awakened the debate over the highly controversial field of memetics. In the past couple of years, there has been an ... More


The Scene of the (C)rime: ‘Sonnet allégorique de lui-même’ (1868)

Roger Pearson

in Unfolding Mallarmé: The Development of a Poetic Art

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159179
eISBN:
9780191673535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159179.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Poetry

The obvious way to begin reading ‘Sonnet allégorique de lui-m ême’ is in terms of Mallarmé's own commentary. Many critics have thought that the scene which the poet describes in his letter to Cazalis ... More


The Stuff of Dreams: Three Versions of ‘Quelle soie aux baumes de temps’ (1868–1887)

Roger Pearson

in Unfolding Mallarmé: The Development of a Poetic Art

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159179
eISBN:
9780191673535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159179.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Poetry

Mallarmé's apparent ‘return’ to poetry in the summer of 1868 after two years of crisis was marked not only by ‘Sonnet allégorique de lui-même’ but also by ‘De l'orient passé des Temps’, an ... More


Universalism, Cultural Variation, and Children’s Film

Torben Grodal

in Embodied Visions: Evolution, Emotion, Culture and Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371314
eISBN:
9780199870585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371314.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter argues that cultural diversity and cultural development are compatible with the assumption of a biological human nature that provides human universals. It shows that children’s films are ... More


A Contrarian Perspective on Altruism: The Dangers of First Contact 1

David Brin

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0175
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Modern Western society disavows the notion that many ideas are inherently dangerous or toxic, that people are easily misled, and that an elite should protect or guide gullible masses toward correct ... More


Culture in Songbirds and Its Contribution to the Evolution of New Species

Darren E. Irwin

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

No discussion of culture would be complete without considering learned behaviors in non-human animals. This chapter gives a brief overview of cultural phenomena in a variety of vertebrates, focusing ... More


Conclusion

Robert Aunger

in Darwinizing Culture: The Status of Memetics as a Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632449
eISBN:
9780191670473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632449.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter tries to make sense of what has gone before memetics, and to find where there might be grounds for coming down on one side or another of the key issues identified by the authors of the ... More


Knowledge

Paul Thagard

in Natural Philosophy: From Social Brains to Knowledge, Reality, Morality, and Beauty

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190678739
eISBN:
9780190686451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678739.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

For the semantic pointer theory of mind, the bearers of knowledge are not abstract propositions but rather patterns of neural firing that constitute mental representations, including concepts, ... More


The Anonymous Traveller in European Literature: A Greek Meme?

Irene J. F. de Jong

in Defining Greek Narrative

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748680108
eISBN:
9780748697007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748680108.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The anonymous traveller, a subtype of the anonymous focalizer, is a device used in modern fiction. His minimal form is the dative participle ('for someone sailing from the Propontis, there is on the ... More


The Seeds of Time: Legal Realism and Legal History

in Legal Realism Regained: Saving Realism from Critical Acclaim

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756594
eISBN:
9780804787529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756594.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter deals with the realist conception of history, especially in the development of legal doctrine. It begins with a discussion on the historical work of Oliver Wendell Holmes and his ... More


The #Landmass between New Orleans and Mobile: Neglect, Race, and the Cost of Invisibility

Shelley Ingram

in Implied Nowhere: Absence in Folklore Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781496822956
eISBN:
9781496823007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496822956.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Mythology and Folklore

In 2012, a forecaster on The Weather Channel allegedly reported that an incoming hurricane was a threat to “the landmass between New Orleans and Mobile.” The folklore of the “landmass” internet meme ... More


Interrogating the Fake Geek Girl: The Spreadable Misogyny of Contemporary Fan Culture

Suzanne Scott

in Fake Geek Girls: Fandom, Gender, and the Convergence Culture Industry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479838608
eISBN:
9781479822966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479838608.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter focuses on how intra-fannish policing practices do not merely work to position some fans as “good” or “bad,” but work to deny access to the identity of “fan” writ large on the grounds of ... More


Assembling Blocks

Jorja G. Henikoff

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

A block is an ungapped local multiple alignment of amino acid sequences from a group of related proteins. Ideally, the contiguous stretch of residues represented by a block is conserved for ... More


MEME, MAST, and Meta-MEME: New Tools for Motif Discovery in Protein Sequences

Timothy L. Bailey

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

We are in the midst of an explosive increase in the number of DNA and protein sequences available for study, as various genome projects come on line. This wealth of information offers important ... More


Conclusion: History and Hollywood, Mashed-Up

Dale Hudson

in Vampires, Race, and Transnational Hollywoods

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474423083
eISBN:
9781474434768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423083.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The conclusion pulls into focus the interplay of aspirations about democratizing media and realities of democratizing the United States as they coalesce on race and the presidency by focusing on the ... More


Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks

Tony D. Sampson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816670048
eISBN:
9781452946818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816670048.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book presents a contagion theory fit for the age of networks. Unlike memes and microbial contagions, virality does not restrict itself to biological analogies and medical metaphors. It instead ... More


Memes, Plagiarism, and Revolutionary Drama

Russ Castronovo

in Propaganda 1776: Secrets, Leaks, and Revolutionary Communications in Early America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199354900
eISBN:
9780199354931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354900.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American Colonial Literature

This chapter examines the prolix writings—newspapers satires, letters, poems, rebuttals to the Constitutional Convention of 1787—authored by Mercy Otis Warren. The connection between the gendered ... More


Biologically Evolutionary Explanations of Religious Belief

Michael Ruse

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter addresses three questions. First, what are the evolutionary accounts of religion? To answer this question, the chapter describes several distinct types of evolutionary account. It is ... More


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